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COLLECTION Identifier: Vt-25

Videotape collection of the National Organization for Women, 1977-1988

Videotapes of interviews, marches, press conferences, etc., of the National Organization for Women, the largest feminist organization in the United States.

Dates

  • 1977-1988

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

TERMS OF USE

Access. An appointment is necessary to use any audiovisual material.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the videotapes created by the National Organization for Women is held by the National Organization for Women. Copyright in other videotapes in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Videotapes may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Extent

24 linear feet (24 cartons containing 283 videotapes)

These videotapes include NOW conference proceedings, press conferences, and marches, news coverage of NOW activities and women's issues, promotional television spots produced for NOW, educational programs, and television talk shows and interviews featuring NOW representatives and others.

Tapes are listed in chronological order by the date on which the material was aired or produced, with the following exceptions:
  1. 1) News reports of different dates compiled on one tape are arranged by the date of the earliest item.
  2. 2) A tape for which the date of production is unknown or approximate is listed chronologically but after those with more specific dates (e.g. a tape produced "some time in 1986" is listed after one produced on December 31, 1986, although the material on the former tape was probably produced before December 31).
Television program titles appear in quotation marks except when part of a compiled and edited videotape (Newsclip tapes #1-5). Quotation marks also indicate a title given by the donor to a videotape.

All are 3/4" videotapes, with sound and color, unless otherwise noted.

HISTORY

The largest feminist organization in the United States, NOW began when a group of representatives attending the Third National Conference of Commissions on the Status of Women (June 28-30, 1966) became angered by their unsuccessful attempts to force the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to enforce federal regulations ending sex discrimination. Meeting with Betty Friedan, author of The Feminine Mystique and a guest speaker at the conference, the invited group of 28 women and men decided to establish a civil rights organization for women. The group included Gene Boyer, Kathryn Clarenbach, Mary Eastwood, Dorothy Haener, Anna Roosevelt Halsted, Esther Johnson, Pauli Murray, Inka O'Hanrahan, and Caroline Ware. On the last day of the conference, they drafted their statement of purpose: "to take action to bring women into full participation in the main-stream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men."

A temporary steering committee publicized the group's purpose and recruited members. By the time the organizing conference was held October 29-30, 1966, NOW had more than 300 members. It quickly grew into a group with tens of thousands of members and hundreds of state and local chapters. For the first two years there was no central office; officers performed their NOW-related duties and kept their files at home or in their workplaces. NOW established an office in Washington, D.C., in 1968, and moved it to New York City in 1969, where it operated from two consecutive apartments of NOW Executive Director Dolores Alexander. Subsequently, NOW split the headquarters into three offices, setting up and maintaining operations in New York City (Public Information Office, 1973-1976), Washington (Legislative Office, 1973-1976), and Chicago (National Office, 1973-1976) before centralizing all functions in one national headquarters in Washington, D.C., in January 1976.

From its inception, NOW worked on numerous issues affecting women's lives. The NOW Bill of Rights for 1968 laid out those areas it considered of highest importance:
  1. 1. Equal Constitutional Amendment [more commonly called the Equal Rights Amendment, or ERA]
  2. 2. Enforce law banning sex discrimination in employment
  3. 3. Maternity leave rights in employment and in Social Security benefits
  4. 4. Tax deduction for home and child care expenses for working parents
  5. 5. Child day care centers
  6. 6. Equal and unsegregated education
  7. 7. Equal job training opportunities and allowances for women in poverty
  8. 8. The right of women to control their reproductive lives
NOW set up task forces and committees to address these and other issues. In the 1970s, NOW began to devote more and more time to passage and ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment, which was finally passed by Congress on March 22, 1972, almost 50 years after it was first introduced. In 1977, NOW declared ratification of the ERA to be their "top national priority," and in February 1978 declared a "State of Emergency...in which [we] turn all [our] resources to the ratification effort and to extension of the deadline for ratification an additional seven years." The United States Congress, however, only approved an extension of three years, three months, and nine days. In spite of a massive national campaign, carried out by NOW organizers and members in states across the country, the ERA expired in 1982, three states short of ratification. NOW has continued to work for passage of a federal amendment, and for enforcement of the various state ERAs.

n the 1980s and 1990s, NOW also devoted its resources to campaigns for reproductive rights; to end violence against women; to eradicate racism, sexism and homophobia; to influence judicial selection; and to promote equality and justice in our society. According to its website (URL: http://www.now.org), NOW "achieves its goals through direct mass actions (including marches, rallies, pickets, counter-demonstrations, non-violent civil disobedience), intensive lobbying, grassroots political organizing and litigation (including class-action lawsuits.)" For additional information on NOW's history, see the Scope and Content notes below, and brief histories in #1.1.

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: 72-8--93-M44

These videotapes were given to the Schlesinger Library between 1972 and 1993 by the National Organization for Women,Mary Eastwood, and Lulu Lopez.

Related Material:

here is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see National Organization for Women Records, 1959-2002 (MC 496), National Organization for Women Additional records, 1970-2011 (MC 666), National Organization for Women Audio collection, 1966-1991 (T-29), Additional Audio Collection of the National Organization for Women, ca.1970s-2001 (T-466), and National Organization for Women Moving image collection, 1970-2006 (Vt-241, MP-34, DVD-7).

INDEX

Each subject is followed by the reel number of an item that is known to document that topic. The list is not conclusive, however, as the processor has not viewed every videotape in its entirety. There may be more subjects and corresponding reel numbers than are listed here.
  1. Abortion--United States, 4, 6, 16, 26, 27, 57, 61, 63, 75, 95, 122, 124, 125, 134, 140, 151, 177, 194-200, 203, 204, 206, 207, 209, 214, 223-225, 227-238, 239, 248, 253, 265, 278
  2. Abortion services--Employees--Crimes against--United States, 125, 134, 140, 151, 194-196, 198-200, 206, 238
  3. Abused women--United States, 120, 176, 178
  4. Affirmative action programs--United States, 26, 152-154, 196, 208-210, 261-264
  5. Anthony, Susan B. (Susan Brownell), 1820-1906, 56, 125, 126, 196
  6. Anti-feminism--United States, 45, 46, 59, 61, 118, 202, 203, 211
  7. Beauty contests--California, 258
  8. Bork, Robert H., 266, 268, 271, 272
  9. Child support--United States. 89
  10. College students--United States--Political activity, 20-23
  11. Divorced women--Legal status, laws, etc., 9
  12. Employment--United States. See Women--Employment--United States.
  13. Equal rights amendments, 1, 3-5, 10-12, 16, 20-23, 25, 26, 33-35, 39-55, 58-60, 65, 95, 259, 268, 273
  14. Father and child--United States, 193
  15. Gay liberation movement, 95, 119, 123, 276
  16. Gays--Legal status, laws, etc.--Georgia, 242
  17. Hispanic Americans--Social conditions, 106, 107
  18. Judges--Selection and appointment--United States, 16, 19, 31, 32, 243, 247-250, 266, 268, 269, 271, 272
  19. Lesbians--United States, 64, 95, 119, 123, 276
  20. National Organization for Women (conferences only), 37-39, 59, 96-98, 100-109, 123, 145, 156, 254-256, 259
  21. National Women's Political Caucus (U.S.), 83, 84
  22. Nurses--United States, 191, 280
  23. Pay equity--United States, 121, 125, 130, 187, 188, 217
  24. Pregnant women--Health and hygiene--United States, 116
  25. Pro-choice movement--United States, 26, 57, 75, 95, 122, 124, 134, 194-196, 204, 207, 223, 224
  26. Pro-life movement--United States, 4, 6, 61, 122, 140, 151, 177, 194-198, 204, 214, 223, 224, 227, 239, 248, 253, 278
  27. Processions--United States, 65, 213, 228-231, 276
  28. Rape--Massachusetts--New Bedford, 132, 135, 142, 146
  29. Sex discrimination against women--Law and legislation, 28, 63, 69-72, 74, 77, 78, 81, 82, 85, 87, 121, 130, 139, 145, 147, 148, 160, 168-171, 179, 187, 188, 201, 221, 265, 273
  30. Sex discrimination in employment--United States, 28, 72, 121, 130, 139, 145, 147, 148, 187, 188, 252
  31. Sex discrimination in insurance--United States, 9, 52, 63, 69-72, 74, 77, 78, 81, 82, 85, 87, 145, 168-171, 201
  32. Sex role, 244-246
  33. Sexual harassment--United States, 84, 240, 241
  34. Sexual revolution, 244-246
  35. Stern, Melissa, 1986- , 265
  36. Surrogate motherhood--United States, 265
  37. Teenage mothers--United States, 226
  38. Title IX 125, 127-129, 145, 175, 273
  39. Women--Crimes against--United States, 120, 132, 135, 142, 146, 176, 178
  40. Women--United States--Economic conditions, 9, 144, 145, 187, 190, 279
  41. Women--Employment--United States, 28, 121, 125, 130, 191, 217, 244, 245, 252, 279, 280
  42. Women--Health and hygiene--United States. See Abortion--United States. See Pregnant women--Health and hygiene--United States.
  43. Women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States, 76, 80, 90, 141, 149, 212. See also Divorced women--Legal status, laws, etc. See also Sex discrimination.
  44. Women in politics--United States, 79, 80, 84, 86, 88, 90-95, 98, 99-107, 109, 111, 112, 112a, 131, 141, 144, 145, 149, 156-159, 161-166, 179, 180-186, 192, 205, 216, 222, 277
  45. Women in the Mormon Church--United States, 3, 10
  46. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Female, 280
  47. Youth--Sexual behavior, 226
  48. Abzug, Bella S., 1920- , 235
  49. Alda, Alan, 1936- , 4, 16, 48, 55
  50. Barr, Noreen, 46, 47, 90
  51. Berry, Mary Frances, 79, 90, 106
  52. Buchanan, Patrick J., 74, 118
  53. Chavez, Linda, 188, 261
  54. Clark, Karen, 1945- , 64
  55. Clute, Sylvia, 44
  56. Constanza, Midge, 94
  57. Cranston, Alan MacGregor, 100, 104
  58. Crisp, Mary, 88
  59. Dole, Elizabeth Hanford, 80
  60. Falkenberg, Nanette, 194
  61. Falwell, Jerry, 16, 59, 196, 197, 202-204
  62. Ferraro, Geraldine, 131, 161-165, 180-182, 184, 189, 192, 205, 218
  63. Foat, Ginny, 63, 120
  64. Ford, Betty, 1918- , 26, 39, 52, 55
  65. Friedan, Betty, 26, 39, 256
  66. Glenn, John, 1921- , 108
  67. Goldsmith, Judith, 36, 44, 54, 59, 60, 67, 68, 70, 72, 74, 76, 80, 85, 86, 87, 90, 95, 98-105, 111, 112, 112a, 115, 117, 118, 129, 130, 133, 136, 137, 140, 148, 152, 154, 155, 158-161, 165, 166, 172, 175, 177, 184-189, 194-196, 198, 199, 201-205, 208, 209, 212
  68. Hart, Gary, 1936- , 100, 137
  69. Hollings, Ernest F., 1922- , 108
  70. Honegger, Barbara, 71, 90-92
  71. Johnson, Sonia, 3, 52
  72. Kennedy, Edward Moore, 1932- , 59
  73. Lewis, Ann, 88, 158, 159
  74. Michelman, Kate, 235
  75. Mikulski, Barbara, 101, 105, 131
  76. Mitchell, Pat, 257
  77. Mondale, Walter F., 1928- , 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 105, 107, 113-115, 117, 119, 156, 157, 161, 162, 167, 182, 189, 218
  78. Near, Holly, 233, 234
  79. O'Connor, Sandra Day, 1930- , 16, 19, 31, 32, 251
  80. Packwood, Bob, 59, 69
  81. Pendleton, Clarence, 187, 210, 217
  82. Pepper, Claude, 1900- , 49, 55
  83. Reagan, Maureen, 1941- , 90, 93, 141, 149
  84. Reagan, Ronald, 4, 5, 16, 26, 56, 71, 72, 76, 80, 82, 83, 86, 90, 91, 94, 138, 141, 149, 150, 155, 173, 190
  85. Reckitt, Lois, 176, 178
  86. Rehnquist, William H., 1924- , 243, 247, 251, 269, 275
  87. Rolle, Esther, 24, 26, 39
  88. Scalia, Antonin, 248-251, 265
  89. Scheidler, Joseph, 140, 177, 206, 224, 238
  90. Schlafly, Phyllis, 4, 7, 26, 45, 50, 52, 59, 60, 61, 212, 223, 270
  91. Schroeder, Pat, 52, 101, 102, 105, 131, 206, 235
  92. Smeal, Eleanor, 2, 4, 5, 8, 8a, 10, 11, 13-15, 16-18, 26, 29, 33, 37, 38, 50, 52, 59, 62, 84, 88, 216, 217, 219, 220, 223, 224, 227, 233, 236-239, 241, 243, 247-251, 257, 261, 262, 264, 266, 267, 270, 274-277
  93. Smith, William French, 1917- , 8, 122
  94. Stapleton, Jean, 1923- , 52
  95. Steinem, Gloria, 110, 237, 239
  96. Streisand, Barbra, 150
  97. Thomas, Marlo, 41, 58
  98. Viguerie, Richard A., 16, 59
  99. Wattleton, Faye, 197
  100. Whitehead, Mary Beth, 265
  101. Willke, J.C. (Jack C.), 194-196, 198, 278
  102. Wilson, Kathy, 80, 84, 90, 94
  103. Yard, Molly, 38, 101-103, 233, 267-269, 271, 272

Processing Information

Processed: June 1995

By: Katherine Herrlich
Link to catalog
Title
National Organization for Women. Videotape collection of the National Organization for Women: A Finding Aid
Author
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
EAD ID
sch00344

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future.

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Cambridge MA 02138 USA
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