Papers of Lucile Schuck Longview, 1927-2010 (inclusive), 1972-2004 (bulk)
Correspondence, diaries, writings, speeches, and calendars of Lucile Schuck Longview, radical feminist, anti-ageism activist, and futurist.
- Majority of material found within 1972-2004
Language of Materials
Materials in English.
Access. Folder #10.4 is closed until January 1, 2075, and several letters removed from #5.6 are closed until January 1, 2075. The rest of the collection is open to research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Lucile Schuck Longview is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Extent9.38 linear feet ((22 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 2 folio+ folders, 1 oversize folder, 1 supersize folder, 4 photograph folders, and electronic records)
This collection documents the personal and professional life of radical feminist, activist, and futurist Lucile Schuck Longview. The papers include writings, essays, speeches, correspondence, calendars, diaries, and posters from women's conferences. The collection reflects Longview's focus on the spiritual sphere of feminism, which to her meant inclusiveness, working to bring equality to "women in religion" as well as "women and religion." Longview worked tirelessly on the Unitarian Universalist Church's 1977 women and religion resolution, not only during its infancy in the 1970s, but also into the 1990s. Longview also dedicated her life to the eradication of age discrimination and, in particular, felt that it was the cultural conceptualization of aging that denied elders a positive view of themselves. Her correspondence is full of discussions with other feminists regarding women and religion, patriarchal assumptions and language, ageism, as well as family life and travel. Her diaries, which cover most of her life, reflect on all aspects of her life including her marriage, her children, activism, and later aging and end of life care. Longview used carbon paper when writing letters, so many of her outgoing letters are in the collection. Longview's original folder headings were maintained; titles in brackets were created by the archivist.
A few items transferred from the Schlesinger Library book division were added to the collection in February 2016. They are in #20.10 and were added to #7.9, 13.9, 14.1, 18.4, 21.11.
Additional material received in 2019 (accession number 2019-M162) was added to the collection in December 2019. This material is housed in #23.1-23.16. All other files remain in the same order. Folders are listed in intellectual, not numerical, order.
Series I, BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, 1933-2010, n.d. (#1.1-7.10, 23.1-23.9, F+D.1), includes calendars, letters, articles about Longview, student papers, annotated maps, and descriptions of trips taken by Longview with friends and family. Files related to Longview's home invasion show her concern about the gender of the first responders. Material from this incident also include notes of support from friends and family, and her notes regarding working with the police to catch the intruder (#5.5-5.6). See also Series II for diary entries from this time period. Also included is a family genealogy done by Longview's son (#7.7). Longview kept her wall calendars from 1946 to 2004 in dated folders and with them added clippings, student papers, essays, selected letters that may overlap with Series III and Series IV, and other material that act as a snapshot of that year in Longview's life. The calendars are annotated with birthday reminders, appointments, travel dates and locations, letters written, and gardening tasks. Longview took many trips during her lifetime, and wrote day by day descriptions of many of them; some include annotated maps (#1.4, 2.5, 2.6). Also included are articles written about Longview and her work with women and religion, as well as ageism. In 1993 Longview was interviewed by Elinor Artman and Phyllis Rickter about the Unitarian Universalist Association's women and religion resolutions (#6.5). This series is arranged chronologically.
Series II, DIARIES, 1929-1999 (#7.11-13.3), includes Longview's diaries and travel diaries. Early diary entries are about teaching classes, dates, rifle practice, varsity hockey, exams, canning berries, the weather, and the American Association of University Women from 1936 to 1941. Longview wrote about friends, skating, dates with Hugo Schuck, trips to Boston and New York, and going to church. After Longview and Hugo Schuck married in 1939, she wrote of housework, cooking, pregnancy, friends and family, Hugo's work schedule and hobbies, and their relationship. After Hugo Schuck's death in 1972, Longview's diary entries focused on the conferences she attended, the women and religion resolutions for the Unitarian Universalist Church, and the lives of women in the countries hosting the United Nations Women's conferences. One diary, dated 1976-1979, Longview labeled "telling about the beginning of the women and religion resolution" (#9.5). As Longview got older, her entries are about her hearing loss, where and how to live in the future, and low self-esteem and depression due to aging and her body changing and slowing down. Almost all diaries mention her children Stephen, Susan, and Linda (as well as their families), and her rocky relationship with her son. During her mother Macie Kitson's lifetime, Longview wrote frequently about her: the lack of affection felt when she was a child, and later the care that Longview had to provide for her mother. Longview, as an only child, was also left with the responsibly to manage the family farm when her mother was no longer capable of doing so. While in her 70s and 80s Longview began to wonder what her own circumstances will be at the end of her life. She created detailed lists of her options for care and living arrangements. She called it "taking control of the end of my life" in her diary. Occasionally she transcribed a letter she has written within a diary entry. Longview also often mentioned her gardens, and the weather. Longview had an extra bedroom in her house, which she called "The Women's Room," reserved for women in need of space for intellectual work. She mentioned the women who used this room throughout her diaries. Longview also wrote about the process of creating a new name in her diary. Travel diaries includes a 1963 trip to Basel, Switzerland, for a conference; a 1980 trip to China and Japan; and a 1985 trip to Nairobi. There is a 20-year gap, that spans from 1943 to 1963, between diaries. This series is arranged chronologically.
Series III, CORRESPONDENCE, 1927-2010, n.d.(#13.4-17.8, 23.10-23.12, SD.1), includes Longview's correspondence with family and friends, colleagues, and others. Letters between Longview and Hugo Schuck discussed dealing with the Kitson farm in Indiana, travel plans, the weather, and what their children are doing, and include letters from Hugo Schuck while he was in Europe on business. Often Longview and Hugo Schuck were separated by circumstance; for example, Longview spent time in Indiana on the family farm after she moved Macie Kitson to California. During these times they wrote long, complicated letters back and forth regarding Macie's failing health, financial transactions for retirement, and house repairs. Also included are letters from Hugo Schuck's brother and sister-in-law Carl and Mary Schuck, and his parents Marie and Oscar Hugo Schuck. Topics in those letters include visits, thank yous for gifts, family financial papers, and Marie's death. Longview often wrote group letters to her three children (#16.5). Also included are Christmas letters, which feature hand-drawn and computer-generated pictures with news of what each member of the family had done during the year, sent by Longview to family and friends between 1943 and 2002 (#13.7). In 1980, Longview was asked to write an essay about her life for the US Association for the Club of Rome, an international futurist organization that promotes policy change and globalization. In 1993, Longview had a tree that bordered her neighbor's property cut down. The neighbor became very upset, and Longview hired a lawyer to rectify the situation (#15.7). See also Series I and Series IV for additional correspondence that was filed separately. Additional material received as electronic files will be reformatted at some future date for inclusion in this series. This series is arranged alphabetically.
Series IV, ORGANIZATIONS, 1973-2004, n.d. (#17.9-22.2, 23.13-23.16), includes essays, memoranda, reports, correspondence, programs, speeches, annotated printed material, and other material related to the various organizations to which Longview belonged. Longview was very involved with the Unitarian Universalist First Parish Church of Lexington, chairing the local Denominational Affairs Committee, as well as serving on the board of the national Unitarian Universalist Women's Federation. After the 1975 International Women's Year Conference, Longview brought back to her congregation at First Parish Church a resolution for equal rights and opportunities for women. Through the Unitarian Universalist United Nations Office Longview attended several other International Women's Year conferences, and she also attended the 1980 United Nations Conference For Women with the International Association of Religion Freedom (#21.1, 18.9). Longview worked tirelessly on the Unitarian Universalist Church Women and Religion Resolution, not only during its infancy in the 1970s, but also into the 1990s when she felt that its meaning had been forgotten by the newer generation of women within the congregation (#19.19). Gray Panthers and the Older Women's League material is also included (#18.6, 18.7). See also Series I and Series III for additional correspondence regarding the women and religion resolution. This series is arranged alphabetically.
Series V, PHOTOGRAPHS, MEMORABILIA, AND OVERSIZED, 1975-1992, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.4, 22.3m, F+D.2, OD.1, SD.1), includes photographs, buttons, and posters removed from throughout the collection. Included are images of Longview with friends and colleagues, as well as images from the 1975 International Women's Year Conference. Buttons show support for the Equal Rights Amendment, Gray Panthers, and the Women and Religion resolution. Longview brought home several posters from the 1975 and 1980 women's conferences that are also included below. This series is arranged by format, then alphabetically.
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be digitized and available online.
Lucile Schuck Longview was born Blanche Lucile Kitson on March 28, 1911, to Harry and Macie (Miller) Kitson in Whitley County, Indiana. After graduating from Columbia City High School in 1929, Lucile Schuck Longview attended Indiana University (B.A. 1933). She moved to Elkhart, Indiana, to teach high school mathematics and physical education. In the 1930s Longview took several trips, including one to Mexico, and bicycling trips around New England and Michigan. In 1938 Longview and her friend, Ann Greenawalt, made their way on bicycles through Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts, staying at youth hostels along the way. From Boston they took a boat to New York City, staying in New York for a few days and then making their way back home to Indiana. Longview married Oscar Hugo Schuck (who went by Hugo) on August 12, 1939; they had three children: Stephen Schuck (born 1942), Susan Schuck Hirst (born 1943), and Linda Schuck (born 1947). In 1941 the Schucks moved to Boston, Massachusetts, and later to Minneapolis, Minnesota. While in Minnesota, Lucile Schuck Longview became involved with the League of Women Voters, and joined the Unitarian Universalist Church; she taught Sunday School for many years. In September of 1959, the University of Minnesota's General Extension Division extended invitations to a select group of women for a pilot project designed for educated women whose careers or education had been sidelined due to marriage and motherhood. The first seminar was called "Critical Thinking on Contemporary Issues," and Longview was among this first group of participants. These women were referred to as the "Rusty Ladies," and eventually the program was christened the Minnesota Plan for the Continuing Education of Women. The seminars were held every other week for three hours and encompassed the physical and natural sciences, arts and perception, and the art of reading. In 1960 Hugo Schuck was asked to give a paper at the First International Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, which was being held in Moscow. Longview, along with several other wives, also traveled to Russia with the group. A "Program for Ladies" had been planned for the female visitors and included tours, receptions, and visits to cultural attractions. One such visit was to the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which covered 500 acres of industry, construction, agriculture, transportation, culture, and public health exhibits. At a reception held for the visiting wives, Longview showed the Russian women photographs of her house. She was asked "How many families live there?" The Russian women couldn't believe that only one family had so much space to themselves.
From January to May of 1963 Longview, along with her neighbor Marion Hill, heeded a call for help by the Minnesota Theater Company's Tyrone Guthrie Theater. The theater, which was due to open in May, was still under construction but was receiving boxes and boxes of season tickets that needed to be unpacked and sorted. During a local labor union strike, the ticket organizing took place in the Schucks' basement game room. When they were able to move what would become the box office back to the theater, Lucile Schuck Longview and Marion Hill were often visited by the theater's cast, which included Jessica Tandy and Hume Cronyn. In 1967 the Schucks moved back to Massachusetts, first living in Belmont, and later settling in Lexington. Hugo Schuck, who worked as an engineer at the Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company and NASA, began working for the U.S. Department of Transportation's Transportation Systems Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1970. Longview became an early member of the Gray Panthers, which was founded by Maggie Kuhn in 1970, as Consultation of Older and Younger Adults for Social Change. On May 30, 1971, Lucile and Hugo Schuck, along with hundreds of other local residents and the group Vietnam Veterans Against the War, were arrested at 3 AM on the Lexington Battle Green after a Memorial Day anti-war rally. The veterans had been told not to camp on the battle green after the rally, but they stayed and so did their supporters. In 1972 Longview's husband and mother died within six weeks of each other.
Longview became very active within the Massachusetts Bay District of the Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA), a national association of congregations within the Unitarian Universalist Church. She also joined the Unitarian Universalist Women's Federation, an independent organization that functions under the umbrella of the Unitarian Universalist Association to support women's spiritual development. In 1975, Longview traveled to Mexico City as a Unitarian Universalist Association delegate to the International Women's Year conference. She brought back to her congregation, the First Parish Church in Lexington, Massachusetts, a resolution that called for all congregations within the Unitarian Universalist Association to avoid sexist language in the future, and to re-examine gender stereotypes within the Unitarian Universalist church. The members of the First Parish Church who supported the changes then presented the proposed changes to the Massachusetts Bay District of the Unitarian Universalist Association. Longview's friend, Rosemary Matson, along with the other women who worked with Longview at the conference in 1975, also brought the proposed changes to their congregations all over the country and, in 1977, at the Unitarian Universalist Association's General Assembly, the Women and Women Resolution was passed unanimously. After the resolution passed, Longview continued to fight for a change in the leadership that went beyond the "roles" women played within the Unitarian Universalist congregations. She felt that the resolutions should be about empowering all women within the structure of the church, not just a few, and that ultimately it was the hierarchy of the Unitarian Universalist Church that should be transformed.
In 1979, Lucile Schuck, who considered herself as a futurist, began to use "Longview" as her last name; it became her legal last name on August 21, 1986. In 1980 Longview attended a pre-conference for the White House Conference on Older Women, held in Des Moines, Iowa. As a delegate at the conference Longview was assigned to the Maintenance and Promotion of Wellness committee, which focused on the widespread attitude that an individual should depend on his or her own ability to stay well by living healthfully, and not expect health care to be affordable. The day after the conference, the Older Women's League was founded to address the special concerns of mid-life and older women, as well as to improve the image and status of older women. Longview helped establish the local Boston chapter, working towards the end of age discrimination. In the 1980s Longview became a lecturer for the Harvard Divinity School's Theological Opportunities Program (TOP) program run by Elizabeth Dodson Gray. TOP was founded in 1973 as a re-working of two organizations within Harvard University, The Society of Harvard Dames (1896), and The Ladies Lecturers (1950s). In 1978 Gray changed the format to one in which women could share their lives and issues.
In May of 1982, in order to visit the archeological site of the world's first monotheist, at El-Amarna, Longview traveled with a group from the Follen Community Church to Egypt. In 1986 Longview suffered a home invasion and sexual assault. Throughout the investigation, she was concerned with the fact that all officials that she dealt with after her assault, including police and hospital staff, were male. She thought that female officers and hospital staff should be the ones to provide rape crisis counseling In 1998 Longview was awarded the Unitarian Universalist Association's Ministry to Women Award for her part in the 1977 Women and Religion Resolution. While in her 70s and 80s Longview began to wonder what her own circumstances will be at the end of her life. She created detailed lists of her options for care and living arrangements, and called it "taking control of the end of my life." As they aged, Longview and her friends referred to themselves as "crones," and held candle lighting ceremonies in order to "claim the power of the old woman" inside each of them. In 2000 Longview moved to the Brookhaven Life Care Center in Lexington, Massachusetts; and then, in order to be closer to her children, to Bellingham, Washington, in 2005. Lucile Schuck Longview died on April 20, 2010, at the age of 99.
The collection is arranged in five series:
- Series I. Biographical and personal, 1933-2010, n.d. (#1.1-7.10, 23.1-23.9, F+D.1)
- Series II. Diaries, 1929-1999 (#7.11-13.3)
- Series III. Correspondence, 1927-2010, n.d. (#13.4-17.8, 23.10-23.12, SD.1)
- Series IV. Organizations, 1973-2004, n.d. (#17.9-22.2, 23.13-23.16)
- Series V. Photographs, Memorabilia, and Oversized, 1975-1992, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.4, 22.3m, F+D.2, OD.1, SD.1)
Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Accession numbers: 2002-M170, 2003-M18, 2005-M7, 2008-M21, 2010-M149, 2019-M162
These papers of Lucile Schuck Longview were given to the Schlesinger Library by Lucile Schuck Longview between 2002 and 2005, and by her daughters Susan Schuck Hirst in 2008 and 2010, and Linda Schuck in 2019. A few items were transferred from the Schlesinger Library book division and added to the collection in February 2016.
Accession number: 2019-M162 was added in December 2019.
Donors: Lucile Schuck Longview and Linda Schuck
Accession number: 2002-M170
Processed by: Cat Lea Holbrook
The following items have been transferred to the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College:
- Writings of Elizabeth Dodson Gray relating to Harvard Divinity School's Theological Opportunities Program
Processed: June 2014
By: Cat Lea Holbrook, with assistance from Caitlin Jones.
Updated and additional materials added: February 2016
By: Anne Engelhart
Updated and additional materials added: December 2019
By: Cat Lea Holbrook
- Adult children of aging parents--Family relationships--United States
- Adult education of women--Minnesota
- Ageism--United States
- Aging and old age
- Aging parents--Care--United States
- Aging--Economic aspects--United States
- Aging--Social aspects--United States
- Aging--United States
- China--Description and travel
- Christmas cards
- Columbia City (Ind.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Egypt--Description and travel
- Electronic records
- Elkhart (Ind.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Equal rights amendments--United States
- Europe--Description and travel
- Feminism--Religious aspects--Unitarian Universalist churches
- Feminists--United States
- Home invasion--Massachusetts
- International Women's Year, 1975
- Lexington (Mass.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Marriage--United States
- Mexico--Description and travel
- Minneapolis (Minn.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Mothers and daughters--United States
- Mothers and sons--United States
- Nairobi (Kenya)--Description and travel
- Rape--Psychological aspects
- Sexism in religion--United States
- Soviet Union--Description and travel
- Unitarian Universalist churches--Massachusetts
- Unitarian Universalists--United States
- University extension--Minnesota
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements--Massachusetts
- Voyages and travels
- Women and religion--United States
- Women's rights--Africa--Congresses
- Women's rights--United States
- Women--Education (Higher)--Massachusetts
- Women--Social conditions--Congresses
- Longview, Lucile Schuck. Papers of Lucile Schuck Longview, 1927-2010 (inclusive), 1972-2004 (bulk): A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Language of description
- Processing of this collection was made possible by gifts from the Radcliffe College Class of 1956 and Class of 1968, Elizabeth Leutner, Robert and Maurine Rothschild Fund, the Jane Rainie Opel Fund, and the Zetlin Sisters Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
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