Records of Legal Momentum, 1978-2011
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Records may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
46.5 linear feet ((111 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder, 22 video cassettes, 16 DVDs, electronic records)
.34 Megabytes (2 files)
Series I, ADMINISTRATIVE, 1993-2011 (#1.1-4.7, FD.1, E.1-E.6), contains published annual reports; by-laws for 2004; executive summaries; a 2005 president's report; information packets for interns and volunteers (including office procedures, related memos, staff contact lists, publicity information, etc.); long range and strategic plans; grant proposals; and staff material (including biographies, business cards, contact lists, legislative and lobbying resource material, related correspondence and memos, etc.). Long range and strategic plans contain budgets, proposals, and reports outlining organizational and operational plans for Legal Momentum's programs, projects, legal agendas, and public policies; topics focus on child care, immigrant women, reproductive rights, violence, and welfare. Grant proposals focus on such issues as domestic violence, links between violence and poverty, welfare reform, economic security, etc., and contain budgets and project proposals for obtaining funding to organize coalitions, education programs, media campaigns, conferences, etc. Also included in the series is material from annual award/fundraising events, which contains material from the "Aiming High: A Celebration of the Power of Women" (honoring women of achievement in American business), "Bringing Up Daughters Differently" (BUDDY) (honoring women of leadership through family values), "Equal Opportunity" (honoring men and women in corporate leadership who promote equality for women in the workplace), and "Women of Achievement" (honoring women of achievement in business, law, and public service); corporate sponsorship of these award events aids in funding Legal Momentum's advocacy programs. Award event material includes budgets; contact and mailing lists; correspondence and memos; donor and guest lists; notes; program booklets, flyers, and pamphlets; planning material; reports; resource material; speeches; photographs and digital photographs; clippings; etc. The series is arranged with administrative records arranged alphabetically followed by award event/fundraisers, also arranged alphabetically. The Legal Momentum web site, which includes photographs and other writing, is being captured periodically as part of Harvard University Library's Web Archive Collection (WAX).
Series II, BOARD OF DIRECTORS, 1978-2010 (#4.8-15.2), contains the meeting minutes of the board of directors and "membership" (comprised of the NOW LDEF/ Legal Momentum board as well as NOW board members). Also included in the series are the meeting minutes of a 1997 strategic planning retreat (#11.3) and a 2005 special board meeting (#12.4). The board minutes were initially noted as "board report binders" and "board meeting updates" and are a compilation of annual minutes, project and committee reports, budgets, etc. Material in this series is restricted for 20 years from date of creation. The series is arranged chronologically.
Series III, FAMILY INITIATIVE, 1997-2008 (#15.3-21.2, E.7), contains material from the Family Initiative program, a project focused on long-term investment in developing quality child care and early education programs throughout the United States. The records include correspondence, memos, guest lists, notes, planning material, reports, resource material, etc., related to conferences; budgets, correspondence, memos, digital photographs, minutes, notes, proposal plans, reports, strategic plans, etc., from meetings with the advisory commission and program sponsors (including Cornerstones for Kids, Early Learning Council, Annie E. Casey Foundation, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company, J.P. Morgan Chase, and others); material from campaign drives (including photo shoot permission and release forms; contact lists for fundraisers; grant proposals; etc.); material on the program's organizational structure and web site development; and resource material. The 2004 program curriculum provides an in-depth description of the project's objectives, strategies, and timeline for implementing child care programs. Also included in the series is material from a 2004 Congressional briefing, a 2007 town hall meeting, and press advisories for 2006 media events. The series is arranged alphabetically by activity or record type, and thereunder chronologically.
Series IV, NATIONAL JUDICIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM, 1991-2010 (#21.3-32.1), contains material from the National Judicial Education Program, a project designed to educate judges and justice system professionals about gender bias in the court system. The project was initiated by Legal Momentum, in cooperation with the National Association of Women Judges. From 1980 to 1981, Norma Wikler served as NJEP's director. Since 1981, the program has been directed by Lynn Hecht Schafran. Under her leadership, NJEP has produced and presented model judicial curricula used nationally and internationally by judges, attorneys, and other legal professionals within the justice system. Schafran has also published many highly influential articles, essays, and reports in the judicial and legal press. The series includes budgets; contracts; correspondence and memos; grant proposals and completed applications; database and web site development material; notes; program curriculum, drafts, training manuals, and meeting notebooks; material from a 1996 conference; progress reports to the Office on Violence Against Women, State Justice Institute, and Legal Momentum's board of directors; screen shots; study guides; etc. Correspondence focuses on funding and curriculum development, primarily between the State Justice Institute (a sponsor of the program curriculum) and Lynn Hecht Schafran. The program curriculum comprises a series of training manuals and meeting notebooks (workbooks) focused on increasing judicial awareness and understanding of gender bias, racial bias, sexual violence, and sexual assault issues. Also included is material from a DVD project, which reflects Schafran's work on developing and implementing a DVD version of Understanding Sexual Violence: The Judicial Response to Stranger and Nonstranger Rape and Sexual Assault with the State Justice Institute and three production companies: Creative Bubble, Digital Metropolis, and Zuma Digital. Records from the DVD project include applications and grant proposals; budgets; contracts; correspondence and memos; database and web site development; samples of screen shots; study guides; notes; resource material; etc. A series of training manuals on sexual assault designed for the U.S. Air Force is also included. The series is arranged alphabetically by activity or record type, and thereunder chronologically.
Series V, WASHINGTON, D.C., OFFICE, 1981-2008, n.d. (#32.2-106.3), contains material from Legal Momentum's Washington, D.C., office including budgets; campaign/fundraising material; conference material; contact and membership lists; correspondence and memos; fact sheets; legal case files; legislative material; lobby packets; material from press briefings; meeting minutes; notes; planning material; press releases; program booklets, flyers, and pamphlets; proposals and project plans; reports; research and subject files; resource material; speeches; testimony; clippings; etc. The series is divided into five subseries.
Subseries A, Committees and coalitions, 1991-2006, n.d. (#32.2-44.4), includes budgets; campaign/fundraising material; contact and membership lists; correspondence; lobby packets; material from press briefings; meeting minutes; notes; planning material; proposals and project plans; reports; resource material; clippings; etc.; reflecting the public advocacy work of Legal Momentum's committees and membership coalitions. The subseries contains records from such groups as the Building Opportunities Beyond Welfare Reform Coalition, Child Exclusion Task Force, Coalition on Parents and Families, Council of Presidents Affirmative Action Task Force, Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education, National Task Force to End Sexual and Domestic Violence Against Women, Women's Law Project, Working Group on Domestic Violence and Child Care, and others. Topics include affirmative action, child care, domestic and sexual violence, educational equality, family planning, insurance discrimination, welfare reform, etc. The majority of the records are comprised of committee minutes, notes, and reports, which discuss current legislation and strategies for implementing public advocacy activities. Campaign material highlights strategies to oppose the elimination of affirmative action and the Violence Against Women Act with the Women Won't Go Back (#32.9) and the Women Speak Out (#34.13-34.14) projects; the organizing of a national debate on affordable and quality child care is addressed in the Caring for Kids: Our Lifetime Commitment campaign (#39.4). The subseries is arranged alphabetically by name of committee or coalition, and thereunder chronologically.
Subseries B, Conferences, testimony, and other activities, 1981-2007, n.d. (#44.5-49.4), includes correspondence and memos; planning material; program booklets, flyers, and pamphlets; notes; reports; resource material; etc.; from conferences, press conferences, and other activities either organized by Legal Momentum or in which Legal Momentum participated or attended that focused on women and children's socioeconomic issues. Testimony includes testimony given by Legal Momentum in the areas of child care, violence against women, welfare reform, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, etc., and contains related material (notes, resource material, witness lists, etc.). Also included in the subseries is a collection of annotated contact lists of various women's organizations; a letter of request for help and related material pertaining to a public case on insurance discrimination (#46.7); political strategy material (memos and resource material); project material for two annual publications; and annotated material collected from other meetings. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by activity or record type, and thereunder chronologically.
Subseries C, Legal cases, 1984-2000, n.d. (#49.5-59.7), includes amicus briefs; correspondence and memos; notes; court opinions; resource material; clippings; etc.; from legal cases in which Legal Momentum either provided assistance or direct representation. Topics include abortion rights, affirmative action/civil rights, child exclusion laws, deportation of women immigrants, domestic violence, discrimination in education, gay and lesbian rights, rape, sexual harassment, the Violence Against Women Act, workplace discrimination, etc. The subseries also contains Legal Momentum's case files for its 2000 United States Supreme Court argument on the 1994 Christy Brzonkala rape case at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, in which the United States Supreme Court ruled the Civil Rights Remedy of the Violence Against Women Act unconstitutional, (including amicus briefs, pleading indices compiled by Lynn Hecht Schafran, research files, etc.). The subseries is arranged alphabetically by name of case.
Subseries D, Legislation, 1990-2008, n.d. (#59.8-82.10), includes correspondence and memos with legislators; notes; annotated drafts of proposed bills and resolutions; resource material; etc.; reflecting Legal Momentum's legislative work. Topics include campus safety; child care; domestic violence; fatherhood rights; the Family Violence Option; hate crimes; healthcare reform; insurance discrimination; protecting the elderly and immigrant women from violence; stalking; welfare; etc. Also included in the subseries is material reflecting Legal Momentum's work on the Violence Against Women Act and contains material on appropriations; contact lists; correspondence; legislative drafts and revisions of Violence Against Women Act bills; meeting minutes, memos, notes, and reports from Violence Against Women Act committees; planning material; press conferences; proposal and project plans to push through legislation; annotated resource material; etc. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by name of legislative act, followed by Violence Against Women Act files arranged alphabetically by topic.
Subseries E, Research and subject files, 1985-2006, n.d. (#82.11-106.3), contains a collection of annotated resource material on such topics as abortion, affirmative action, campus violence, child care, domestic violence, hate crimes, health care, marriage, older women and violence, pay equity, reproductive rights, sexual assault and harassment, stalking, teen pregnancy and violence, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, welfare reform, etc. Interspersed within the resource material are correspondence and memos; fact sheet, flyers, and pamphlets; handbooks; notes; annotated journal articles, press releases, reports, and speeches; clippings; etc., reflecting Legal Momentum's research work on the various topics. The majority of the material focuses on child care, domestic violence, and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families. The subseries is arranged alphabetically by topic, and thereunder chronologically.
Series VI, PUBLICITY AND PUBLICATIONS, 1980-2008, n.d. (#106.4-112.7), contains Legal Momentum's series publications: Action Packet (lobby packets), Legal Docket (litigation work), Legal Resource Kit (resource guides), NOW LDEF Briefing Paper (topic papers), and Supreme Court Press Briefings (United States Supreme Court cases); fact sheets; published conference papers; pamphlets and flyers; press releases; research reports; clippings; and other research publications (bibliographies, handbooks, resource guides, etc.) addressing women's legal issues. The series is arranged alphabetically by title of publication. Electronic records were received in 1 5.25" disk and 1 CD-ROM. The disk was imaged using FTK imager, the CD-ROM data was unrecoverable. Selected data has been converted to PDF/A for preservation and delivery.
Series VII, AUDIOVISUAL, 1988-2010, n.d. (Vt-240.1 - Vt-240.22, DVD-73.1 - DVD-73.16), includes videotapes and DVDs of educational and promotional materials, awards ceremonies, interviews, and public service announcements produced by or documenting the work of Legal Momentum. Over half of the videotapes contain educational materials related to raising awareness about sexual violence and rape, in the general public and within the legal system. Lawyers involved with Legal Momentum were instrumental in shaping an instructional series, the National Judicial Education Program, which presented current social science research about rape victims, the neurobiology of trauma, sex offenders, and jury decision-making. Focusing primarily on acquaintance rape, especially on college campuses, the recordings underscore how cultural myths and biases surrounding socially acceptable gendered behavior complicates the manner in which judges and juries assess date rape. Included is research undertaken by experts, such as David Lisak, on the subjects of sex offenders and sexual violence which relayed statistics about the prevalence of unreported date rape on college campuses, "undetected" rapists, recidivism, and the difficulty of successfully treating sex offenders. The program stressed the judges' responsibility in instructing the jury about common misunderstandings of the law, including assumptions that the complainant's behavior placed her at risk and that her body would bear bruises or other evidence of physical trauma. Some recordings include group discussions among judges who shared how they applied the training in their courtrooms and confessed their likelihood of sentencing date rape more leniently than stranger rape. Some tapes contain interviews with rape victims, physicians, and medical experts; these may contain graphic visual images. Also included are interviews with pioneering women lawyers, such as Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Lynn Hecht Schafran; public service announcements produced by Legal Momentum; awards ceremonies; and mainstream media tributes to Legal Momentum that the organization used as promotional material. Tape titles in quotation marks were created by Legal Momentum. The series is arranged first by format and chronologically thereunder.
- Series I. Administrative, 1993-2011 (#1.1-4.7, FD.1, E.1-E.6)
- Series II. Board of directors, 1978-2010 (#4.8-15.2)
- Series III. Family Initiative, 1997-2008 (#15.3-21.2, E.7)
- Series IV. National Judicial Education Program, 1991-2010 (#21.3-32.1)
- Series V. Washington, D.C., office, 1981-2008, n.d. (#32.2-106.3)
- Series VI. Publicity and publications, 1980-2008, n.d. (#106.4-112.7, E.8-E.9)
- Series VII. Audiovisual, 1988-2020 (Vt-240.1 - Vt-240.22, DVD-73.1 - DVD-73.16)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The records of Legal Momentum were given to the Schlesinger Library by Legal Momentum between 2011 and 2012.
Accession numbers: 2011-M75, 2011-M121, 2011-M126, 2011-M150, 2011-M188B, 2012-M124, 2012-M127, 2012-M204
Processed by: Bridgette A. Woodall
The following items have been removed from the collection and transferred to the Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University (pending review):
- Be All that We Can Be: Lessons from the Military for Improving our Nation's Child Care System, 2000
- Close to Home: State Strategies to Strengthen and Support Family, Friend, and Neighbor Care, 2007
- Dollars and Sense: Improving the Determination of Child Support Obligations for Low-Income Mothers, Fathers and Children, 2002
- Family Ties: Improving Paternity Establishment Practices and Procedures for Low-Income Mothers, Fathers and Children, 2000
- Getting Organized: Unionizing Home-Based Child Care Providers, 2007
- Hospital Mergers and the Threat to Women's Reproductive Health Services: Using Antitrust Laws to Fight Back, 1998
- In Their Own Voices: Parents and Providers Struggling with Child Care Cuts, 2005
- Making Care Less Taxing: Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions, 2002
- Putting the Law on Your Side: A Guide for Women and Girls to Equal Opportunity in Career Education and Job Training, 2000
- 15 Years of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, Its Causes and Consequences (1994-2009): A Critical Review, 2009
- Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development: Its Origins, Issues, and Vision, n.d.
- Cultural Competency and Native Women: A Guide for Non-Natives Who Advocate for Battered Women and Rape Victims, n.d.
- Domestic Violence Legislation and its Implementation: An Analysis for ASEAN [Association of Southeast Asian Nations] Countries Based on International Standards and Good Practices, 2009
- Electing to Rape: Sexual Terror in Mugabe's Zimbabwe, 2009
- Gender Equality Laws: Global Good Practice and a Review of Five Southeast Asian Countries, 2009
- Legislative Update, newsletter. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
- Legislative Update, newsletter. National Organization for Women
- Life Sentences: Denying Welfare Benefits to Women Convicted of Drug Offenses, 2002
- Making the Link: Pregnancy Prevention and the New Welfare Era, 1999
- Militarized Zones: Gender, Race, Immigration, Environment, 2003
- NFPRHA Report, newsletter. National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association
- Only Silence Will Protect You: Women, Freedom of Expression and the Language of Human Rights, 1996
- Pregnancy Options Workbook: A Resource for Women Making a Difficult Decision, 1998
- Project Stop the Abortion Ban: A Message on the So-Called Partial Birth Abortion Bans, 1998
- Programming to Address Violence Against Women: 8 Case Studies (volume 2), ca.2008
- Reproductive Rights 2000: Moving Forward, 2000
- Reproductive Rights are Human Rights, 1999
- Response to Rape: Detours on the Road to Equal Justice, 1993
- Sexual Assault Report, newsletter. Civic Research Institute, Inc.
- Sexuality, Poverty, and the Inner City, 1994
- Some Days Are Harder than Hard: Welfare Reform and Women with Drug Convictions in Pennsylvania, 1999
- Source on Women's Issues in Congress, newsletter. Women's Policy, Inc.
- Sex Panic: Women, Censorship and Pornography, 1993
- Speaking Out, newsletter. DC Rape Crisis Center
- Speaking Up: News and Tips for the Domestic Violence Community, newsletter. Family Violence Prevention Fund
- Time for Action: Implementing CEDAW [Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women] in Southeast Asia, 2009
- Unlocking the Door III, newsletter. Women and Housing Task Force, McAuley Institute
- Violence Against Women: A Week in the Life of America, 1992
- Violence Against Women Act News, newsletter. Violence Against Women Office
- Violence Against Women Act of 1994: Evaluation of the STOP Block Grants to Combat Violence Against Women, 1996
- Washington Feminist Faxnet, newsletter. Center for Advancement of Public Policy
- Welfare Reform Network News, newsletter. Institute for Women's Policy Research
- What's Up? A Weekly Report on Public Policy Issues in Washington, the States, and the World, newsletter. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc.
- Women at Work, 2003
- Women, Law and Development in Africa: WILDAF [Women in Law and Development in Africa] - Origins and Issues, 1990
- Women's Sports Foundation Report: Sport and Teen Pregnancy, 1998
- Alliance News, newsletter. California Alliance Against Domestic Violence
- Building Comprehensive Solutions to Domestic Violence: Increasing Economic Opportunity for Battered Women, newsletter. National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
- Business Women Magazine, National Federation of business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc.
- Citywomen: News for the Washington Woman, newsletter. Sullivan Publishing
- Coalition, newsletter. Georgia Coalition on Family Violence
- EPI Issue Brief, newsletter. Economic Policy Institute
- Forum, newsletter. Montana Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence
- Global HealthLink, "Maternal Mortality." Global Health Council
- Grassroots Connection: Connecting the Grassroots Domestic Violence Movement, newsletter. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
- Health Alert: Strengthening the Health Care System's Response to Domestic Violence, newsletter. Family Violence Prevention Fund
- Hot Lines, newsletter. National Domestic Violence Hotline
- Housing Gazette, "Women & Community Development." McAuley Institute
- Instantes: A Bilingual Newsletter. National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health
- Issue Brief: An Update on Women's Health Policy, newsletter. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
- JEDI News, newsletter. Justice Economic Dignity & Independence for Women
- Link, newsletter. National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
- MSFC Update, newsletter. Medical Students for Choice
- Mocha Moms, newsletter. Mocha Moms, Inc.
- NAF Reports, newsletter. National Abortion Federation
- NCJW Washington Newsletter. National Council of Jewish Women
- NDVSAC Newsletter. Nebraska Domestic Violence Sexual Assault Coalition
- News from the Homefront, newsletter. Family Violence Prevention Fund
- News from Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issues, Inc., newsletter. Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issues, Inc.
- OPDV Bulletin, newsletter. New York State Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence
- RAINNews: A monthly publication for rape crisis centers and friends of RAINN, newsletter. Rape, Abuse and Incest national Network
- Stop Watch: Strategies to Prevent Domestic Violence, newsletter. National Council of Jewish Women
- Tapestries, newsletter. Women Empowered Against Violence, Inc.
- Torch, newsletter. Women's Lobby
- Update, newsletter. National Women's Law Center
- Uptake: A Journal for Ending Violence Against Women, newsletter. Men Stopping Violence
- Violence Against Women Advocacy Network Newsletter. YWCA of the U.S.A.
- Voice Male: Exploring Male-Positive, Pro-Feminist, Gay-Affirmative, Anti-Racist Issues and Ideas, newsletter. Men's Resource Center of Western Massachusetts
- We Work! The Voice for Women's Education and Economic Equity. Women Work! The National Network for Women's Employment
- Women and Welfare Watch, newsletter. NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund
- Women's Newsletter. White House Office for Women's Initiatives and Outreach
- Wil' O' the South: Region Three News. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
- Women of Color Network Newsletter. National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
- Women's Enews, newsletter. We-Sources
- YWCA Violence Prevention Advocacy Network N ews and Alerts, newsletter. YWCA of the U.S.A.
- Girls Project, brochure. Women Make Movies, ca.2011
- Membership Means Working Together, membership directory. National Coalition for Sex Equity in Education, 1998
- Monsoon: United Asian Women of Iowa, pamphlet. Iowa Coalition Against Sexual Assault, ca.2002
- National Black Women's Health Project, pamphlet, n.d.
- OWL: The Voice of Midlife and Older Women, pamphlet, n.d.
- Women of Color Advisory Network, pamphlet. Iowa Coalition Against Sexual Assault, n.d.
By: Bridgette A. Woodall with assistance from Samuel Bauer.
Updated: August 2014
By: Marilyn Morgan
Updated and additional materials added: July 2017
By: Pablo Morales Henry
- Abortion--Government policy--United States
- Abortion--Law and legislation--United States
- Abused women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
- Annual reports
- Associations, institutions, etc.
- Birth control--United States
- Campus violence--United States
- Case files
- Child care--United States
- Child sexual abuse--United States
- Courts--United States--States
- Custody of children--United States
- DVD-Video discs
- Discrimination in justice administration--United States
- Drafts (documents)
- Economic security--United States
- Electronic records
- Family violence--Prevention
- Family violence--United States
- Feminist economics--United States
- Feminists--United States
- Homelessness--United States
- Justice, Administration of--United States
- Lawyers--United States
- Legal documents
- Mifepristone--United States
- Pay equity--United States
- Poor women--United States
- Poverty--United States
- Press releases
- Pro-choice movement--United States
- Public policy and social welfare
- Public welfare--United States
- Rape--United States
- Sex discrimination against women--Law and legislation
- Sex discrimination against women--United States
- Sex discrimination in education--United States
- Sex discrimination in employment--United States
- Sex discrimination in insurance--United States
- Sex discrimination in justice administration--United States
- Sexual harassment in education--United States
- Sexual harassment--United States
- Trials (Rape)--United States
- Violence (Law)--United States
- Web sites
- Welfare economics
- Welfare recipients--Employment--United States
- Women immigrants--United States
- Women lawyers--United States
- Women's rights--United States
- Women--Crimes against--United States
- Women--Employment--United States
- Women--Health and hygiene--United States
- Women--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
- Women--United States--Economic conditions--20th century
- Women--United States--Social conditions--20th century
- Legal Momentum (Organization). Records of Legal Momentum, 1978-2011: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Processing of this collection was made possible by gifts from generous supporters of the Schlesinger Library to the Maximum Access Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future.
3 James St.
Cambridge MA 02138 USA