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COLLECTION Identifier: MC 875

Papers of Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier, 1969-1999 (inclusive), 1973-1977 (bulk)


Correspondence, memoranda, depositions, and trial transcripts from the sex discrimination class action suit, EEOC v. Tufts Institute of Learning.


  • Creation: 1969-1999
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1973-1977

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open to research. Files containing information on Joost-Gaugier's settlement with Tufts University (#4.8-4.9) are closed until Joost-Gaugier's death.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


2.7 linear feet (6 + 1/2 file boxes)

This collection documents the first class action suit filed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) against a university for sex discrimination. These papers were collected by Christiane Joost-Gaugier, and do not contain any personal material. Records include correspondence, memoranda, depositions, transcripts, reports, articles, the final settlement agreement, affidavits, and motions related to the sex discrimination suit against Tufts University. This collection documents the law suit from start to finish with depositions, documents submitted as evidence, transcripts of testimony during the preliminary injunction and the trial, as well as the final settlement agreement. These records also document the harassment and discrimination within the Tufts Fine Arts department, against not only Joost-Gaugier and her colleague Barbara Ehrlich White, but also female students.

This material includes testimonies from EEOC investigators; research analysts; art historians from other institutions; former fine arts undergraduate and graduate students; administrators and professors from Tufts University; as well as from Christiane Joost-Gaugier and Barbara Ehrlich White. Reports include research that was conducted by outside analysts on the statistical analysis of faculty salaries at Tufts University, as well as a report on the retention of non-Ph.D. faculty at Tufts. Correspondence includes letters of support for Joost-Gaugier from colleagues at other universities. There is some overlap between documents submitted for exhibits at the preliminary injunction and the trial.

Joost-Gaugier's original folder headings were maintained; titles in brackets were created by the archivist. This collection is arranged alphabetically by folder title.


Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier is an internationally known historian of Renaissance Art and Architecture. She earned her AB, AM, and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University and in 2005 was awarded an Honorary Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard University for Lifetime Achievement.

Joost-Gaugier's scholarship in the history of art and the history of ideas has been published extensively in international scholarly journals, proceedings of learned societies, encyclopedias, and museum catalogues. Among her publications are over 200 research articles in The Art Bulletin, Gazette des Beaux Arts, Zeitscrift für Kunstgeschichte, Artibus et Historiae, the Renaissance Quarterly, Acta Historiae Artium, Arte Lombarda, Arte Veneta, Studi Veneziani, Paragone, Sixteenth Century Journal, Storia dell'Arte, and other periodicals.

Among the books Joost-Gaugier has authored are the following: Selected Drawings of Jacopo Bellini, (New York and Toronto, 1982); Raphael's Stanza della Segnatura: Meaning and Invention, (Cambridge and New York, 2002); Measuring Heaven: Pythagoras and his Influence on Thought and Art in Antiquity and the Middle Ages, (Ithaca and London, 2006); Pitagora e il suo Influsso sul Pensiero e sull'Arte , (Rome, 2008); Pythagoras and Renaissance Europe: Finding Heaven, (Cambridge and New York); and Italian Renaissance Art: Understanding its Meaning , (London and New York, 2013); Islamic Elements in the Architecture of Puglia (Tournhout and Amsterdam, 2019), and the upcoming Wine, The Elixir of Civilization: An Introduction to the Ancient Literature of Wine.

Joost-Gaugier has been invited to present her research in numerous venues, including the University of California, Berkeley; the University of Toronto; the Johns Hopkins University; Princeton University; the University of Padova; and the University of Milano.

Her research publications have centered on Italian art, architecture, and intellectual history. They have spanned the fields of the ancient, medieval, and Renaissance worlds and have involved work in Venice, Padua, Rome, Florence, Lombardy, Tuscany, Calabria, Puglia and, most recently, the Middle East.

A tenured full professor and former Department Chair in three universities, Joost-Gaugier is currently a Visiting Scholar at George Washington University. She has received many awards and honors, including a Fulbright Fellowship, several grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, several from the Kress Foundation, and three grants from the American Philosophical Society, as well as grants from the American Council of Learned Societies, the American Association of University Women, and the Delmas Foundation.

In the early 1970s, Professor Joost-Gaugier was the first woman to file a class action on behalf of women faculty members with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The EEOC then sued Tufts University in federal court, in a precedent-setting case and extended trial that were not resolved until the mid-1980s when awards, which included a non-disclosure clause, were made to all female professors who had been at Tufts at the time.

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: D-25, 95-M183, 2001-M150, 2016-M47

The papers of Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier were given to the Schlesinger Library by Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission data analyst Elizabeth Dunn between October 1991 and March 2016.

Processing Information

Processed: September 2016

By: Cat Lea Holbrook, with assistance from Margaret Dalton.

Joost-Gaugier, Christiane L. Papers of Christiane L. Joost-Gaugier, 1969-1999 (inclusive), 1973-1977 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Language of description
Processing of this collection was made possible by gifts from the Zetlin Sisters Fund and the Jane Rainie Opel '50 Fund.

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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