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COLLECTION Identifier: 85-M4--97-M155

Papers of Frances Ullmann DeArmand, ca.1890-1988


Correspondence, reviews, articles, biographical material, financial documents, etc., of Frances Ullmann DeArmand, editor specializing in books and magazines for or about children and teenagers.


  • Creation: 1890-1988

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Frances Ullmann DeArmand is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


2.5 linear feet ((6 file boxes) plus 2 folio folders, 2 folio+ folders, 1 supersize folder, 16 photograph folders, 1 folio photograph folder)

Collection consists of biographical and family material; correspondence; draft and published articles, magazines, comic books, etc.; travel journals and itineraries; photographs; etc. Additional material (accession numbers 90-M125, 96-M38, 97-M155) was added to the collection in January 2017. This material is located in Series II (#36-101).

SERIES I. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL PAPERS, 1901-1985 (#1-35) includes courtship letters, both of the DeArmands and of Frances Ullmann DeArmand's parents; financial documents; notes on Frances Ullmann DeArmand and David W. DeArmand's sexual practices; biographical material; personal and professional correspondence; information re: Frances Ullmann DeArmand's surgical operations and one lawsuit; reviews and copies of her pamphlets, magazines, and articles. There is material re: Frances Ullmann DeArmand's brother's opposition to the Immunity Act of 1954, which gave the government the right to compel a witness to testify in national security cases in exchange for immunity from prosecution, and a file of FBI documents re: Frances Ullmann DeArmand and David W. DeArmand obtained through the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act of 1974. Also included is an account by Frances Ullmann DeArmand of her employment at Parents' Institute, where, in 1947, as editor of Calling All Girls, she refused to cross a picket line and was dismissed. (Additional papers about Parents' Institute and the strike are in the Clara (Savage) Littledale papers (A-157) in the Schlesinger Library.) Explanatory notes by David W. DeArmand appear throughout the collection.

SERIES II. ADDENDA, ca.1890-1988 (#36-101) includes correspondence; estate papers; medical records; passports, travel journals and itineraries; photographs; investment records; family papers; poetry; etc. The bulk of this series consists of material related to the DeArmand's travel around the world and includes passports, travel journals, and itineraries. From 1951 until 1981, Frances Ullmann DeArmand maintained journals describing the couple's travels in the United States, Europe, and Asia. DeArmand's entries include descriptions of sites visited, hotels at which they stayed, restaurants where they dined and food eaten, and travel tips to share with friends who might visit such places in the future. Itineraries are included that document the schedule of the travel documented in the journals as well as DeArmand's passports. Medical records document DeArmand's bout with breast cancer and her subsequent mastectomy, as well as her hip surgery, which resulted from a wheelchair accident in the hospital. This material supplements files found in Series I. Also included are investment files and income tax returns, which document the DeArmand's financial situation, as well as her estate papers which document the distribution of her estate after her death. The series also includes photographs of the DeArmands (mostly of Frances) and include photographs of her professional life, and the DeArmand and Ullmann families. A small amount of Ullmann family biographical and genealogical material is included. There is also a small amount of correspondence consisting of photocopies of letters from David William DeArmand to Frances Ullmann DeArmand while in the Army during World War II (which Frances Ullmann DeArmand appears to have submitted to a publisher); letters of condolence on the death of Frances Ullmann DeArmand; and scattered correspondence from family and friends. One folder of professional papers includes articles written by DeArmand and a list of quotes from letters of readers of Calling All Girls. Most material arrived in titled folders, accordion files, and large envelopes. Original titles were retained. The series is arranged with DeArmand's papers appearing first (in alphabetical order), followed by Ullmann family papers (in alphabetical order) and then photographs (in alphabetical order).


The only daughter of William and Carrie (Block) Ullmann, Frances Ullmann DeArmand was born in Springfield, Missouri, on March 17, 1904. After attending the local public schools, she studied for a year at nearby Drury College before entering Wellesley College in 1921. There she majored in English literature and after graduation in 1925 worked as a secretary to Emily Newell Blair, author, columnist for Good Housekeeping, and vice-chairman of the Democratic National Committee. In the fall of 1929 she went to work for Macmillan and later for Coward McCann. By 1931 DeArmand had become editor of National Parent Teacher Magazine and was successively the editor (1941-1947) of Calling All Girls, the first popular mass circulation magazine for teenagers; executive editor (1949-1951) of Child Study Magazine; managing editor (1951-1954) of The Encyclopedia of Child Care and Guidance; and executive editor (1954-1969) of the Junior Literary Guild, a book club for boys and girls.

In addition to writing magazine articles and doing free-lance editorial work, DeArmand compiled and edited Never To Be Forgotten (1943) and When Mother Was a Girl (1964), collections of stories for teenage girls; Girl Alive (1947), a guidance book for adolescent girls; two booklets entitled Getting Along with Brothers and Sisters (1950) and Life with Brothers and Sisters (1952); and A Very, Very Special Day (1963), a book for young children. DeArmand occasionally used the pen name Joan Douglas. After 1969 she worked as a free-lance editor.

DeArmand was married to David W. DeArmand in 1942. They had no children. She died on April 14, 1984, at their home in New York.


The collection is arranged in two series:

  1. Series I. Personal and professional papers, 1901-1985 (#1-35)
  2. Series II. Addenda, ca.1890-1988 (#36-101)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: 85-M4, 85-M29, 85-M38. Accession numbers: 90-M125, 96-M38, 97-M155 were added to the collection in January 2017.

The papers of Frances Ullmann DeArmand were given to the Schlesinger Library between January 1985 and November 1997 by David William DeArmand, Frances Ullmann DeArmand's husband.


  1. Box 1: 1-17
  2. Box 2: 18-26
  3. Box 3: 27-38
  4. Box 4: 39-50
  5. Box 5: 51-70
  6. Box 6: 71-101

Processing Information

Preliminary inventory: April 1985

By: Anne Engelhart

Updated and additional material added: January 2017

By: Mark Vassar

DeArmand, Frances Ullmann, 1904-1984. Papers of Frances Ullmann DeArmand, ca.1890-1988: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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