Papers of Caroline K. Simon, 1917-1993 (inclusive), 1950-1980 (bulk)
- Majority of material found within 1950-1980
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
26.87 linear feet ((58 file boxes, 2 folio+ boxes) plus 12 folio folders, 3 oversize folders, 25 photograph folders, 2 folio photograph folders, 1 folio+ photograph folder, 5 audiotapes, 3 phonograph records, 1 reel microfilm)
Some clippings from the Caroline K. Simon papers were microfilmed in 1986 and discarded after filming. Some of those clippings had been in scrapbooks, and some were loose. Prior to microfilming, the scrapbooks and clippings were numbered as 1f+-11f+. This numbering system appears on the microfilm. The microfilm (M-102) is arranged chronologically within each of three sections: scrapbooks, loose clippings re: Simon, and clippings collected by Simon on particular subjects. When possible, other items (correspondence, publications, programs, photographs, etc.) were removed from the scrapbooks; those that could not be removed were microfilmed and retained. They were added to the unprocessed portion of the collection and processed in 2010. The scrapbooks and clippings were prepared for filming by Bert Hartry, and funding for the project was provided by The Friends of the Schlesinger Library. Dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets. Some scrapbook pages and items were numbered by the processor to aid the microfilmer, the proofreader, and the researcher. Many loose clippings were mounted by the processor. The film was proofread by the processor and corrections made where necessary. These corrections may disrupt the sequence of frame numbers. Some of the material was difficult to film: some clippings overlapped, much of the newsprint was brittle, there was discoloration from glue or adhesive tape, and occasional text was obscured by underlining by clipping bureaus. The film was carefully produced and proofread to ensure the greatest possible legibility.
Series I, BIOGRAPHICAL AND PERSONAL, 1917-1993 (#M-102, 1.1-4.2, PD.1-PD.2), includes clippings and articles on Simon, her parents David and Julia Klein, and her husband Irving W. Halpern; awards, honors, and certificates; an oral history; and other biographical information. Most personal correspondence is arranged chronologically, and some in an incomplete alphabetical run. The subseries is arranged with biographical materials appearing first. For recorded interviews of Simon, see Series VI, Subseries A.
Series II, CORRESPONDENCE, 1927-1993, n.d. (#4.3-25.5. PD.3sl-PD.12), consists primarily of incoming correspondence and is arranged in three subseries. For personal correspondence, see Series I, and for letters congratulating Simon on her various political appointments, see Series V.
Subseries A, Alphabetical correspondence 1928-1988 (#4.3-11.9, PD.3sl-PD.5), is arranged with two incomplete alphabetical groupings of general correspondence appearing first, followed by an alphabetical list of individuals, organizations, and subjects. A few folders contain letters from well-known individuals, including Thomas Dewey and Helga Pedersen, but the bulk of the subseries concerns organizations and projects with which Simon was involved. Some printed material is included.
Subseries B, Chronological correspondence, 1927-1992 (#11.10-20.5, PD.6-PD.11), consists primarily of professional correspondence and reflects Simon's interest in juvenile delinquency and birth control, and her involvement with Jewish organizations. Much of the correspondence from the late 1950s and early 1960s concerns her campaign for City Council and her work as Secretary of State. The subseries also documents her extensive committee work. Considerable overlap exists with Series II, Subseries A, and Series V.
Subseries C, Invitations and engagements, 1959-1973, 1993, n.d. (#20.6-25.5, PD.12), includes invitations to speaking engagements, banquets, receptions, and other events. Simon's replies are included. The subseries is arranged chronologically. For additional correspondence re: speaking engagements, see Series IV.
Series III, WRITINGS, 1927-1993 (#25.6-26.3), consists of articles by Simon, book reviews, and letters to the editor of various newspapers. Some related correspondence is included, as well as a scrapbook of Simon's writings (1927-1944) and a transcript of the essay she recorded for Edward R. Murrow's This I Believe radio program. The series is arranged chronologically.
Series IV, SPEECHES, 1936-1981 (#26.4-49.12, PD.13-PD.17), includes speeches given by Simon for groups ranging from the Schenectady County Republican Women's Club to the Hudson Valley Girl Scout Council to the Staten Island Real Estate Board. Simon also spoke frequently at commencement exercises and for Republican and Jewish organizations. Topics included
The Treatment of the Woman Offender,
Myths about Missiles in Politics,and women's liberation. The speeches are arranged chronologically, followed by speech notes and cards, and some speech excerpts. Some folders contain only correspondence and publicity. See Series V, Subseries A and B, for additional speeches.
Series V, NEW YORK GOVERNMENT, 1941-1983 (#49.13-58.13, FD.3-FD.11, 60F+B.8, PD.18-PD.21) contains material on Simon's work for New York State in various appointed positions; it is divided into five subseries.
Subseries A, New York State Commission Against Discrimination, 1944-1958 (#49.13-50.5, FD.3-FD.11, 60F+B.8), includes correspondence, speeches, and activity and progress reports. The subseries also includes a dismantled scrapbook of congratulatory letters re: Simon's appointment, and her earlier appointment to the New York State Industrial Board.
Subseries B, New York City Council campaign, 1956-1959 (#50.6-51.14m), documents Simon's unsuccessful campaign on the Republican ticket for presidency of the New York City Council. The subseries includes clippings, campaign buttons, correspondence, press releases and other publicity items, and speeches.
Subseries C, Secretary of State, 1958-1967 (#51.1-54.13, PD.18-PD.20), includes letters congratulating Simon on her appointment; annual reports and budgets, etc.
Subseries D, Court of Claims, 1963-1972 (#55.1-58.9, PD.21), includes congratulatory letters re: Simon's appointment to the New York State Court of Claims, and a log of cases over which she presided.
Subseries E, Other, 1941-1983 (scattered) (#58.10-58.13), contains a small amount of material documenting Simon's involvement with several other state agencies and task forces.
Series VI, AUDIOVISUAL, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND OVERSIZED, 1917-1990 (scattered) (#Phon-8.1, Phon-26.1 - Phon-26.2, T-178.1 - T-178.5, PD.22-PD.28, FD.1-FD.12, 59F+B.1-60F+B.10, OD.1-OD.3), contains recorded interviews of Simon, photographs, certificates, dismantled scrapbooks, and other oversized materials.
Subseries A, Audiovisual, 1941, 1953, 1961-1963 (#T-178.1 - T-178.5, Phon-8, Phon-26.1 - Phon-26.2), includes recordings of radio and television interviews of Simon.
Subseries B, Photographs, 1948-1988, n.d. (#PD.22-PD.28), consists primarily of images of Simon. Some family members, friends, and colleagues are also included.
Subseries C, Oversized, 1917-1990 (scattered) (#FD.1-FD.12, 59F+B.1-60F+B.10, OD.1-OD.3), includes certificates and awards, scrapbooks, and other oversized items.
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be cataloged in VIA, Harvard University's Visual Information Access database. Others, referred to as "uncataloged" photographs, are not of sufficient research interest to warrant cataloging and are simply treated as part of the documents they accompany; they are marked on the back with an asterisk in square brackets [*].
From 1956 through 1959, Simon served as Commissioner of the State Youth Commission, running unsuccessfully for President of the New York City Council on the Republican ticket in 1957. In January 1959, she became Secretary of State of New York during Governor Nelson Rockefeller's administration. She was the second woman to hold the office, serving until August 22, 1963. Simon was quoted as saying in 1959, "There are four things a woman needs to know. She needs to know how to look like a girl, act like a lady, think like a man and work like a dog." From late August 1963 to 1971, she sat as a judge on the New York State Court of Claims and later practiced law with the firm of Decker, Hubbard and Welden. She was actively involved in many organizations, including the American Jewish Committee, the National Council on Crime and Delinquency, the National Council of Women of the United States, the United Nations, and Freedom House. She published articles on discrimination, prisoners' rights, jury service, youthful offenders, the problems of women in society, and other subjects, and also spoke frequently on these topics. Simon died of a heart attack on July 29, 1993.
- Series I. Biographical and personal, 1917-1993 (#1.1-4.2, PD.1-PD.2, M-102)
- Series II. Correspondence, 1927-1993, n.d. (#4.3-25.5, PD.3sl-PD.12)
- ___Subseries A. Alphabetical correspondence, 1928-1988 (#4.3-11.9, PD.3sl-PD.5)
- ___Subseries B. Chronological correspondence, 1927-1992 (#11.10-20.5, PD.6-PD.11)
- ___Subseries C. Invitations and engagements, 1959-1973, 1993, n.d. (#20.6-25.5, PD.12)
- Series III. Writings, 1927-1993 (#25.6-26.3)
- Series IV. Speeches, 1936-1981 (#26.4-49.12, PD.13-PD.17)
- Series V. New York government, 1941-1983 (#49.13-58.13, FD.3-FD.11, 60F+B.8, PD.18-PD.21)
- ___Subseries A. New York State Commission Against Discrimination, 1944-1958 (#49.13-50.5, FD.3-FD.11, 60F+B.8)
- ___Subseries B. City Council Campaign, 1956-1959 (#50.6-50.14m)
- ___Subseries C. Secretary of State, 1958-1967 (#51.1-54.13, PD.18-PD.20)
- ___Subseries D. Court of Claims, 1963-1972 (#55.1-58.9, PD.21)
- ___Subseries E. Other, 1941-1983 (scattered) (#58.10-58.13)
- Series VI. Audiovisual, photographs, and oversized, 1917-1990 (scattered) (#Phon-8.1, Phon-26.1 - Phon-26.2, T-178.1 - T-178.5, PD.22-PD.28, FD.1-FD.12, 59F+B.1-60F+B.10, OD.1-OD.3)
- ___Subseries A. Audiovisual, 1941, 1953, 1961-1963 (#Phon-8.1, Phon-26.1 - Phon-26.2, T-178.1 - T-178.5)
- ___Subseries B. Photographs, 1948-1988, n.d. (#PD.22-PD.28)
- ___Subseries C. Oversized, 1917-1990 (scattered) (#FD.1-FD.12, 59F+B.1-60F+B.10, OD.1-OD.3 )
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Caroline K. Simon were given to the Schlesinger Library by Caroline K. Simon between January 1971 and November 1993.
By: Susan Earle
- Annual reports
- Birth control--United States
- Civil rights--New York (State)
- Community leadership--New York (State)
- Jewish women--United States
- Jews--United States
- Judges--United States
- Juvenile courts--New York (State)
- Juvenile delinquency--New York (State)
- Lawyers--United States
- New York (N.Y.) -- Politics and government
- New York (State)--Officials and employees
- New York (State)--Politics and government
- Oral histories
- Phonograph records
- Politics, Practical--New York (State)
- Secretaries of State (State governments)
- Sex discrimination against women--New York (State)
- United States--Officials and employees
- Women--Legal status, laws, etc.
- Simon, Caroline K. (Caroline Klein). Papers of Caroline K. Simon, 1917-1993 (inclusive), 1950-1980 (bulk): A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Processing of this collection was made possible by a gift from the Mary Mitchell Wood Manuscript Processing Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
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