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COLLECTION Identifier: A-61

Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1885-1961


Correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks,etc., of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, social worker, suffragist, and socialist.


  • 1885-1961

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research with the exception of folders 254-267, which are closed; use digital objects or microfilm (M-59).

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


5 linear feet ((12 file boxes) plus 1 oversize volume, 1 supersize folder)
This collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, scrapbooks, pamphlets, leaflets, and clippings that document Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt's various activities. Her journals describe the National American Woman Suffrage Convention of 1916, her suffrage work in Connecticut during 1918, and her travels at home and abroad. The collection also contains letters from her husband and other family members.


Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt was born in Rochester, New York, on December 17, 1874, to Frederick Holland and Jennie Ledyard (Wilcox) Cross. After graduating from high school in Rochester, she attended Wells College in Aurora, New York, and received her A.B. in 1897. From 1898 to 1900 Kitchelt was a resident and voluntary worker at the George Junior Republic in Freeville, New York, an institution for the care of dependent and delinquent children.

Between 1900 and 1907 Kitchelt was a social worker at a number of settlement houses, including the College Settlement, Rivington Street, New York City; Little Italy House, Brooklyn; Lowell House, New Haven, Connecticut; and the Davis Street Settlement in Rochester. During this time she became particularly interested in working with Italian immigrants, and spent several months of 1907 in Italy, reportedly "to gain knowledge of the conditions which surround the Italians in their native land." Returning to Rochester, she opened a housekeeping center in the city's Italian neighborhood in September 1907.

In June 1911, Kitchelt married Richard Kitchelt, a native of New York City and an active socialist. The couple had no children.

By 1915, Kitchelt had become a proponent of woman's suffrage. Moving to New Haven, Connecticut, in 1918, she continued her suffrage work. She became the Citizenship Director of the Connecticut League of Women Voters in 1920, and was Executive Director of the Connecticut League of Nations Association, 1924-1944.

Once an outspoken opponent of the Equal Rights Amendment, Kitchelt became Chairman of the Connecticut Committee for the ERA in 1943. She actively supported the group until 1956 when she and her husband moved to Ohio to live with Kitchelt's sister, Dorothy Zeiger.

Kitchelt was the author of several books of poetry: Poetry in the Boston Common (1910); The Public (1912); The Twentieth Century (1912); and a book of prose, The World's Work (1912). She was also on the editorial board of The Common Good, a Rochester magazine. Throughout her life, Kitchelt was an active socialist and a member of the Unitarian Society. She died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on April 4, 1961.


The collection is arranged in nine series:
  1. Series I. Biography and Correspondence
  2. Series II. Publicity: Newspaper and Radio
  3. Series III. Special Topics
  4. Series IV. Equal Rights Amendment
  5. Series V. Legal Matters, Debates in Congress, etc.
  6. Series VI. Individuals and Organizations
  7. Series VII. Scrapbooks
  8. Series VIII. Journals
  9. Series IX. Correspondence

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: 51-24, 55-12, 56-91, 56-123, 57-85, 59-5, 59-21, 59-22, 59-44, 59-89, 59-184, 59-265, 59-291, 59-311

The papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt were given to the Schlesinger Library in 1951, 1955, 1956, 1957, and 1959 by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt.


The following items have been removed from the collection:
  1. Consumers' League of the City of New York. Report for 1905.
  2. Kitchelt, Florence and Farrow, Tierra. Report on a minor survey of the administration of criminal justice in Hartford and New Haven and Bridgeport, Conn. In Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, v. 17, no. 3, November 1926, pages 333-457.
  3. Kitchelt, Florence Cross To those asleep. (poem) In Twentieth Century Magazine v. 6., no 5, September 1912, page 1
  4. Kitchelt, F.C. ed. My experience as an immigrant (Antonio Simonettis dictated to Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt. In The Common Good of Civic and Social Rochester, v.6, no. 4,6, and 8. January, March, and June 1913)
  5. New York State Woman suffrage party. Annual report, 1917.
  6. Wells College verse, 1868-1918. Aurora, New York [1918] contains poem by Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt
  7. American Academy of Politics and Social Science Annals, January 1947. (Essential human rights.)
  8. Kenyon, Dorothy and Kitchelt, Florence. Is the Equal Rights Amendment equitable to women? In Talks, v.11, no. 4, October 1946.
  9. Northcroft, D.M. Women at Work in the League of Nations. Keignley, Wadsworth, & Co., 1927. also 1928-1929 ed.
  10. Harrison, Gladys Against "Equal Rights" by constitutional amendment, a reply Washington, Committee on Legal Status of Women, National League of Women Voters, December 1928. 15 pages
  11. Addams, Jane. A function of the social settlement. American Academy of Politics and Social Science publication no. 251, May 16, 1899.
  12. Abbott, Edith & Breckinridge, S.P. The wage-earning woman and the State. Boston, Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Governors, 1912.
  13. [Sprague] Blanche Hazard The life of primitive woman. The Cornell reading courses, v.4., no. 91. July 1, 1915.
  14. College settlement, New York 9 pamphlets.
  15. Addams, Jane. The subjective value of social settlements. reprint n.d. 13 pages
  16. College Settlements Association. After 25 years... from C.S.A. anniversary report, 1889-1904.
  17. Henry Street Settlement. Report, 1893-1913.
  18. Journal of Human Relations. Winter 1956. For Kitchelt: "A chapter in the history of human rights."


  1. Box 1: 1-13
  2. Box 2: 14-35
  3. Box 3: 36-69
  4. Box 4: 70-98
  5. Box 5: 99-140
  6. Box 6: 141-177
  7. Box 7: 178-205
  8. Box 8: 206-243
  9. Box 9: 244-253, 268-281
  10. Box 10: vol.1-vol.8
  11. Box 11: vol.9; 254-267
  12. Box 12: 254-267

Processing Information

Reprocessed: September 1985

By: Doreen Drury, Elizabeth Young
Link to catalog
Kitchelt, Florence Ledyard Cross, 1874-1961. Papers of Florence Ledyard Cross Kitchelt, 1885-1961: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future.

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