Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
8 linear feet ((8 cartons) plus 5 photograph folders, 1 folio folder)
Series I, Tyng family, #5-50 consists mainly of correspondence of Ethel (Arens) and Walworth Tyng with his mother, his brother, their children, other relatives, and friends, describing life of the mission in China, 1913-1939, 1946-1949, and in the United States 1939-1946, 1949-74. There are also writings by and about Ethel Arens and Walworth Tyng and correspondence of Ethel Arens and Walworth Tyng with their children and of Mary Tyng Higgins with her siblings.
Series II, Higgins family, #51-79, consists of correspondence of Charles and Mary Tyng Higgins with his parents and his siblings; and family correspondence of the children of Charles Ashley and Mary Tyng Higgins.
Series III, Personal, #80-396, contains most of Mary Tyng Higgins' own papers: correspondence (with scattered letters by Charles Ashley Higgins) with clergy, clergy wives, Little Rock friends, China friends, Radcliffe classmates; appointment books (1932-1984), writings, speeches, fan mail and letters to publishers. The letters from old China friends and Mary Tyng Higgins' writings (see #375-377) describe life in the missions, the effect of the Japanese invasion, and the impact of the Communist takeover on the church in China. There are also business papers including household accounts and estate papers. This series includes letters in Chinese and German.
Tyng family history
Walworth Tyng married Ethel Arens, 1912. They had five children: Mary Atkinson born April 20, 1913, married Charles Ashley Higgins. John Stevens born May 31, 1915, married Camilla. 3 children: Edward, Eleanor, Catherine. William Wark born December 2, 1918, married Anna. 3 children: William, Robert, and Mary Ethel. Anne Griswold born July 14, 1920. 1 child: Alexandra, daughter of Louis Kahn. Franklin Somes, born January 25, 1924, married Jean. 2 children: Randy and Mary Cabot. Griswold Tyng (brother of Walworth) married Margaret Fuller; 2 children: Stephen. Margaret married Ralph Lauren.
Mary met the missionary Charles Ashley Higgins while working in Indo-China and they were married in Hong Kong in 1939 (see #90.) They were captured by the Japanese and interned in 1941, and repatriated in August 1942. The Higginses had five sons: Charles Tyng, Alexander, Ashley, Dudley, and Steven. They lived first in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, where Charles Ashley Higgins was rector of the Episcopal Church, next in Waco, Texas (1946-1957), and then in Little Rock, Arkansas, where Charles Ashley Higgins was dean of Trinity Cathedral (1957-1977). They moved to Sewanee, Tennessee, in 1977. Charles Ashley Higgins died in 1985.
Mary Tyng Higgins wrote an unpublished play "Co-Prosperity Hotel" (ca.1942), and three autobiographical books, Up in Kuling and Down (1968), about her childhood in China, Nearly Nineteen (1971), about her Radcliffe years, and With a War On (1984).
Charles Millington Higgins married Myrtle Blanche Ashley. They had 4 children: Charles Ashley, Edwin, Clarence, and William Lovell. Charles Ashley married Mary Atkinson Tyng 1939. They had 5 children: Charles married (1) Charlotte, divorced 1974, (2) Gail. 2 adopted children: Wally and April. Alexander (Sandy). Ashley married Lisa. Dudley married Donna Kay Pyles. Stephen married Valerie. Edwin married Jean, 2 children: Heather and Jean. Clarence married Mary. William Lovell married Leota, l child: Annette.
- Series I. Tyng family (#5-50)
- Series II. Higgins family (#51-79)
- Series III. Personal (#80-396)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These family papers were given to the Schlesinger Library between June 1985 and October 1987; a portion was transferred from the Radcliffe College Archives in June 1988.
- Carton 1: 5-28
- Carton 2: 29-63
- Carton 3: 64-118
- Carton 4: 119-162
- Carton 5: 163-238
- Carton 6: 239-322
- Carton 7: 323-358v
- Carton 8: 359v-396
By: Lucy Thoma
Updated photograph description: June 2016
By: Lillianne Keaney
- China--Description and travel
- Clergy--Family relationships
- Little Rock (Ark.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Mothers and daughters
- Prisoners of war--China--Hong Kong
- Spouses of clergy--China
- Spouses of clergy--United States
- World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American
- World War, 1939-1945--Prisoners and prisons
- World War, 1939-1945--War work--Episcopal Church
- Higgins, Mary Tyng, 1913-2004. Papers of Mary Tyng Higgins, 1912-1987: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- EAD ID
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