Additional papers of Bertha Sanford Gruenberg, 1907-1985
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
3.21 linear feet ((3 cartons, 1/2 file box) plus 3 photograph folders, 1 folio folder)
Photographs, reunion lists, lists of meals and seating arrangements, etc. document her work at Camp Waziyatah, as do Bertha Sanford Gruenberg's notes on her working relationship with Amy Faulkner, her co-director. The rest of the collection consists of drafts of her book on camps, and correspondence, drafts, and research material for "Children's Summer Camps and State Laws."
Clippings, pamphlets, reprints, and other printed material from organizations such as the Age Center of New England, the American Ethical Union, the Center for the Study of Aging (University of Pennsylvania), and the National Council of Jewish Women, and from publications such as The New York Times, Philadelphia Inquirer , Readers' Digest, Newsweek, and Time were discarded. Such material usually concerned topics of interest to Bertha Sanford Gruenberg: aging, retirement, women and employment, mental health, recipes, anti-Semitism, competition, juvenile delinquency, etc.
From 1926-1953, Gruenberg co-directed Camp Waziyatah, at Harrison, Maine, with Amy Faulkner. This was a summer camp, originally for boys and girls and later for girls alone, which applied John Dewey's educational principles in a non-competitive atmosphere. After retiring as co-director of Camp Waziyatah in 1953, Bertha Gruenberg continued to lecture on a number of topics, including aging and education. She also continued to write articles and to work on two books: one on camps in general, the other entitled "Children's Summer Camps and State Laws." Neither was ever published. Frederick Gruenberg had a successful career in banking and served in a number of capacities in state and local government. He died in 1976. His papers are at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
Bertha Gruenberg had two brothers, Harry and Art, and a sister, Esther. A successful businessman in Sioux City, Iowa, Art Sanford, and his wife Stella, had a daughter Gloria. The Gruenbergs kept in close touch with them and other family members, and Art Sanford was especially helpful in providing advice and financial assistance to family members during the Great Depression.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These addenda were given to the Schlesinger Library by Bertha Sanford Gruenberg between September 1983 and November 1986.
- Carton 1: 1-48
- Carton 2: 49-85
- Carton 3: 86-116
- Box 4: 117-120
By: Anne Engelhart
- Aging--United States
- Brothers and sisters--United States
- Camps--United States--Safety measures
- Child rearing--United States
- Courtship--United States
- Depressions--1929--United States
- Families--Economic aspects--United States
- Jewish women--United States
- Learning disabilities--United States
- Lecturers--United States
- Manuscripts for publication
- Marriage--United States
- Minneapolis (Minn.)--Social life and customs--20th century
- Women journalists--United States
- Women--Employment--United States
- Gruenberg, Bertha Sanford. Additional papers of Bertha Sanford Gruenberg, 1907-1985: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- The collection was processed with a grant from Clara Goldberg Schiffer.
- EAD ID
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