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COLLECTION Identifier: MC 250

Papers of Cora May Trawick Court, 1875-1970


Correspondence, articles, book reviews, etc., of Cora May Trawick Court, educator.


  • Creation: 1875-1970

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Cora May Trawick Court is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


1.67 linear feet ((4 file boxes) plus 1 oversize folder, 1 folio folder 1 folio+ folder)

This collection includes genealogies and family correspondence; autobiographical notes and articles; Cora May Trawick Court's graduate transcripts, class notes, and papers; book reviews and articles; reports on parent education in Tennessee; discussion guides for home and parent-teacher work; case studies of families observed by Court; notes and outline for Lesley courses; correspondence, drafts, and notes for an unfinished comparative study of child development and family relations; miscellaneous notes and printed material on parent and religious education; correspondence, newsclippings, and drafts of questionnaires for the Age Center of New England; newsclippings and other printed material about blacks in the United States; and photographs. Although Court describes her early life in her reminiscences, there are no early papers. Articles and other papers by Court on the "Women of Early Japan" were deposited in the Harvard-Yenching Library.


Cora May Trawick was born February 13, 1875 in Nashville, Tennessee. One of nine children, she was the daughter of Dr. Andrew Marcus Trawick and Martha Beneta McSwain Trawick, both of Tennessee. In 1896 she received the B.S. degree from Nashville College for Young Ladies, and in 1899 taught elementary school in Mexico at the Collegio Palmore. On April 18, 1901 she married Reverend William Court of St. Louis, and soon thereafter they moved to Kobe, Japan under the auspices of the General Board of Missions, Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Both Courts taught at Palmore Gakuin while in Japan, and Rev. Court was the minister of the Kobe Union Church. In 1905, after the birth of their first child, Andrew Trawick Court, they returned to Nashville, but later moved to St. Louis. Two more children were born in the next six years: Mary Lula Court in 1907 and William Court III in 1911. For the next nine years, Cora May Trawick Court was primarily a homemaker.

After Reverend Court died in the flu epidemic of 1920, St. Paul's Church asked Cora May Trawick Court to carry on his work in the religious education of children and young people. To prepare for this new career, Court studied religious education, psychology, and the "training of children" with the Home Study Department of the University of Chicago's Extension School, and at UC's summer school. After three and one-half years at St. Paul's, Court was asked by the General Secretary of the General Sunday School Board of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, to join his staff in Nashville and undertake a study of child development and the family as a factor in religious education. For the next seven years (1923-1930) she worked with the Board conducting research, teaching parent education classes, and writing articles. She also took additional religion courses at Scarritt College in Nashville.

In 1930 Court moved to New York, where she studied parent education for two years at Teachers College, Columbia University, receiving the B.S. and M.A. degrees and a professional diploma as a "Leader of Parent Education." In 1932 she returned to Nashville and helped plan and conduct a comparative study of white and black mothers, also continuing to write book reviews and articles on parent and religious education. Later she moved back to New York and then to Detroit, finally settling in Massachusetts, where she taught courses in parent education and in Japanese culture at Lesley College (Cambridge) from 1945 till she retired in 1952. Lesley awarded her an Honorary Doctorate in 1956. While in Massachusetts she was active in the Copley Methodist Church (Boston) and in community work. In the late 1950's and early 1960's she was associated with the Age Center of New England (Boston). Her concern with race relations, family life, religious training, and child development is reflected in her papers. Cora Court died in May 1970.


The collection is arranged in seven series:

  1. Series I. Biographical and personal. Folders 1-15.
  2. Series II. Cora May Trawick Court course work. Folders 16-25.
  3. Series III. Career in parent education and family relations. Folders 26-53.
  4. Series IV. Notes and collected papers about religion. Folders 54-59.
  5. Series V. The Age Center of New England. Folders 60-64.
  6. Series VI. Newsclippings and articles about blacks in America. Folders 65-66b, 66cf+.
  7. Series VII. Miscellaneous papers. Folders 67-69.

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession number: 74-137

The papers of Cora May Trawick Court were deposited in the Schlesinger Library by her daughter, Lula Court Bartlett, in June 1974.


The following items have been removed from the collection:

  1. Auerbach, Aline B., "Discipline Through Affection," Child Study, Summer 1945
  2. Barclay, Dorothy, "What Children Say About Parents," New York Times Magazine, October 23, 1949
  3. Duval, Evelyn Millis, "Conceptions of Parenthood," American Journal of Sociology, November 1946, Vol. 52, No. 3
  4. Farrington, E.A., "Mental Retardation in Children: Suggestions for Parents," Hadonfield, N.J., 1935
  5. Foote, Nelson N., "Changes in American Marriage Patterns," Eugenics Quarterly, December 1954, Vol. 1, No. 4
  6. Fosdick, Harry Emerson, "Christmas and the Family," Pictorial Review, January 1931
  7. Foster, Robert G., "Family Life Education and Research," Journal of Home Economics, January 1938, Vol 30, No. 1
  8. Foster, Robert G., "Present Day Challenges in Education for Family Life," Social Forces, December 1941, Vol. 20, No. 2
  9. Hendrick, Kimmis, "Meet Twin Pines Ranch" [boys' correctional institution], Christian Sceince Monitor, January 16, 1957
  10. Knop, Catharine, "The Dynamics of Newly Born Babies," Journal of Pediatrics, December 1946, Vol. 29, No. 6
  11. Miller, Ellen, "Elementary Education in Family Living," Journal of Home Economics, April 1941, Vol. 33, No. 4
  12. National Committee for Mental Hygiene, "Behavior Problems of School Children," 1931
  13. Roberts, Katherine E., "Behavior as an Index of Children's Needs," Childhood Education, October 1946
  14. Atlas: The World Press in Transition, December 1963, Vol. 6, No. 6
  15. Birth Control Review, December 1936, Vol. 4, No. 4
  16. Christian Science Monitor, June 13, 1964
  17. Christian Science Monitor, "Adams Papers Editor Sights Down Long Furrow to Big Harvest," September 6, 1955
  18. Fortune, ca. June 1949, "The Class of 1949"
  19. The Koinonia Magazine, December 1963, Vol. 5, No. 3
  20. Life, c.1947, "San Quentin"
  21. New Republic, March 8, 1948 [issue on "Revolt in the South"]
  22. New York Times, December 7-8, 1930, articles re Judge Ben Lindsey ("exponent of companionate marriage") and Bishop Manning


  1. Box 1: Folders 1- 11, 16-21.
  2. Box 2: Folders 22-34v.
  3. Box 3: 35v-Folder 52.
  4. Box 4: Folders 53-69.


  1. Bartlett, Geoff - 8
  2. Bartlett, Joanna - 8
  3. Bartlett, Sarah - 8, 11
  4. Cabot, Hugh - 60
  5. Charters, Jessie - 20
  6. Clinger, Gorrell - 10
  7. Cobb, John - 10
  8. Cottrell, Annette B. - 69
  9. Court, Andrew - 8
  10. Court, Artelia - 8
  11. Court, Betsy - 8
  12. Court, Betty - 8
  13. Court, William (son) - 8, 11
  14. Culbreth, Ada Trawick - 8, 9, 11
  15. Culbreth, George - 11
  16. Davalos, Camerini - 11
  17. Ellis, Albert - 41
  18. Fisher, Welthy - 10
  19. Forsyth, Margaret - 24
  20. Hayes, Wayland - 36
  21. Heath, Dwight - 10
  22. Holt, Ivan Lee - 10
  23. Horuichi, Martha Minoru - 11
  24. Horvitz, "Chickie" - 10
  25. Hunt, Charles W. - 11
  26. Jones, Laurence Clifton - 65
  27. King, William Peter - 36
  28. McSwain, Horace - 11
  29. Mason, Martha - 37
  30. Miller, Ruth - 10
  31. Moore, Rosemond - 10
  32. Noyes, Dorothy - 10
  33. Ode, John - 10
  34. Patterson, Margaret - 10
  35. Perkins, Barbara - 10
  36. Price, Bob - 10, 11
  37. Schantl, Hans - 11
  38. Stafford, Thomas - 10
  39. Tanaka, Sachiko - 11
  40. Trawick, Arcadius - 8
  41. Trawick, Andrew M. - 11
  42. Trawick, George - 8
  43. Trawick, Louise - 11
  44. Westover, Laura - 10, 11
  45. White, Alma - 11
  46. White, Trentwell Mason - 10, 11
  47. Wickson, Barbara C. - 11

Processing Information

Processed: August 1977

By: Katherine Kraft

Court, Cora May Trawick, 1875-1970. Papers of Cora May Trawick Court, 1893-1963: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Language of description
This collection was processed under a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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