Papers of Joyce Wallace, 1968-2002
Articles about Joyce Wallace, particularly her work with female sex workers; medical research papers by Wallace and others documenting AIDS epidemiology; research files on AIDS; AIDS conference materials; and other materials documenting Wallace's career as a physician, AIDS researcher, and advocate for female sex workers.
- Wallace, Joyce (Person)
Language of Materials
Materials in English.
Access. Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Joyce Wallace is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
Extent6.67 linear feet (16 file boxes)
The papers of Joyce Wallace contain articles about Wallace, particularly her work with female sex workers; medical research papers by Wallace and others documenting AIDS epidemiology; research files on AIDS; AIDS conference materials; and other materials documenting Wallace's career as a physician, AIDS researcher, and advocate for female sex workers. AIDS research files contain articles from mainstream media outlets relating to AIDS awareness and prevention; medical papers documenting AIDS treatments and treatments for AIDS symptoms such as herpes; literature on drugs that could be used to treat AIDS symptoms such as Isoprinosine, an antiviral drug used to treat herpes and cancer; and correspondence with other physicians concerning AIDS studies and potential treatments. Also included in the collection are correspondence, committee materials, and policy documents relating to Wallace's employment at St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City and the hospital's response to the AIDS crisis. Files relating to St. Vincent's Hospital include discharge records for AIDS patients documenting the progression of their symptoms, their treatments, and eventual deaths from the disease. Folder titles were created by Wallace. Files are arranged alphabetically.
Physician Joyce Wallace, daughter of Samuel Malakoff, a teacher, and Henrietta Yetta Hameroff Malakoff, a speech therapist, was born November 25, 1940, in Philadelphia. Raised in Brooklyn, New York, she received a BA in history from Queens College in 1961, then studied pre-med at Columbia University's School of General Studies before receiving her MD from the State University of New York Health Science Center in Brooklyn in 1968. She started practicing medicine in the late 1970s in Greenwich Village, where many of her patients were gay men. In 1981, before AIDS was recognized, she was among the first physicians to report finding Kaposi's sarcoma among their patients and was a co-author of "Kaposi's Sarcoma and Pneumocystis Pneumonia Among Homosexual Men -- New York City and California," one of the first reports linking Kaposi's sarcoma with immunodeficient gay men. Wallace shifted her focus to examining the impact of AIDS on female sex workers and dedicated herself to making them safer through AIDS tests, safe sex education and condom distribution, and needle-exchange programs. She attempted to start drop-in centers providing meals, clothing, and transitional housing for drug-free sex workers, but her efforts were blocked by local residents. She started an alternative sentencing project at Manhattan Criminal Court where sex workers were given condoms, AIDS literature, and drug treatment instead of prison sentences. She also founded the Foundation for Research on Sexually Transmitted Diseases in 1982 and served as its executive and medical director until 2003. Wallace held academic appointments at Mount Sinai, New York Medical College, and Stony Brook University. In 1964, she married Lance Wallace, a researcher. They divorced in 1973. In 1979, she married Arthur Kahn, a stockbroker, with whom she had a son and daughter. They later divorced. Wallace died of a heart attack in New York City on October 14, 2020.
Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Accession number: 2021-M199
The papers of Joyce Wallace were given to the Schlesinger Library by Wallace's son, Ari Kahn, in December 2021.
Processed: June 2023
By: Johanna Carll
The Schlesinger Library attempts to provide a basic level of preservation and access for all collections, and does more extensive processing of higher priority collections as time and resources permit. Finding aids may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
- AIDS (Disease) in women
- AIDS (Disease)--Epidemiology
- AIDS (Disease)--Patients
- AIDS (Disease)--Research--United States
- AIDS (Disease)--Social aspects
- AIDS (Disease)--United States
- Health education--United States
- Prostitutes--Health aspects--United States
- Sex workers--Services for--United States
- Women physicians--United States
- Wallace, Joyce. Papers of Joyce Wallace, 1968-2002: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Language of description
- Processing of this collection was made possible by the Alice Jeannette Ward Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.
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