Gaetano Salvemini papers concerning the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is not housed at the Houghton Library but is shelved offsite at the Harvard Depository. Retrieval requires advance notice. Readers should check with Houghton Public Services staff to determine what material is offsite and retrieval policies and times.
Extent.5 linear feet (1 box)
Biographical / Historical
The American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky was a pseudo-judicial process set up by American Trotskyists as a front organization following the first of the Moscow trials. It was composed of historians, sociologists, journalists, authors, and other notable figures, including Edmund Wilson, Suzanne LaFollette, John Dos Passos, Gaetano Salvemini, and many others. The Dewey Commission (officially the "Commission of Inquiry into the Charges Made against Leon Trotsky in the Moscow Trials") was initiated in March 1937 by the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky. It was named after its Chairman, John Dewey. Its other members were Carleton Beals, Otto Ruehle, Benjamin Stolberg, and Secretary Suzanne LaFollette, Alfred Rosmer, Wendelin Thomas, Edward A. Ross, John Chamberlain, Carlo Tresca, and Francisco Zamora. Following months of investigation, the Dewey Commission made its findings public in New York on September 21, 1937, clearing Leon Trotsky of all charges made during the Moscow trials.
- I. Correspondence
- II. Papers from the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky
- III. Clippings
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Salvemini, Gaetano, 1873-1957. Gaetano Salvemini papers concerning the American Committee for the Defense of Leon Trotsky, 1937-1938: Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
- Description rules
- EAD ID
Part of the Houghton Library Repository
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