Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
286 linear feet (860 boxes)
Series I: Correspondence, contains correspondence between Laughlin and authors, literary agents, publishers, small presses, university libraries, book dealers, employees of ND, and his personal friends. There is also correspondence between ND authors and members of the staff of New Directions Publishing Corp. including Barbara Epler, Peggy L. Fox, Peter Glassgold, Robert MacGregor, and Griselda Ohannessian, among others. Also included are interoffice communications such as memoranda and notes, correspondence, ephemera and clippings about the correspondent, and, occasionally, photographs. If Laughlin accumulated large amount of secondary material, he created an additional file for his correspondent. These files are found in the Title and subject files series. The International writing subseries is a small section of correspondence with writers, translators, literary agents, printers, publishing companies, and bookstores that Laughlin grouped together by nationality.
Series II: Title and subject files concern authors in general and specific titles published by ND as well as other topics of interest to Laughlin. They contain correspondence, interoffice communication such as memoranda and notes, ephemera and clippings about the person or topic. There is correspondence with other publishing companies, literary agents, printers, scholars studying the author, the author's family, as well as with other authors who are involved with the creation of a New Direction's book, i.e. the translator or the author of an introduction. Title files contain materials relating to the production and/or promotion of the book.
Series III: Compositions, contains poems, essays, book reviews, fiction, drawings, and other works. The majority of the items in this series have been removed from the Correspondence and Title and subject files series. Most of these pieces were not published by New Directions. However, Laughlin often compiled material for New Directions books, and these compilations are included in this series. There are also individual poems, essays, and other works collected by Laughlin in his files that are variants of those published in New Directions books.
Series IV: Business Records, contains records relating to the non-editorial aspects of New Directions. Most of these records concern Laughlin's corporate activities, but often his personal and corporate interests were interconnected; consequently, there are personal financial records here as well.
Series V: Contracts includes contracts between authors and the New Directions Publishing Corporation for books (both published and proposed) as well as for other rights and permissions.
Series VI: Literary Agencies contains correspondence and related material exchanged between New Directions and scholars, publishers, libraries, lawyers, and rights holders concerning copyrights administered by New Directions. Included are applications for use of original material held by libraries; compositions submitted with applications and for publication; interoffice memoranda and notes; legal documents; reviews; clippings; and photographs, slides, transparencies, and negatives.
Biographical / Historical
New Directions' publishing program focused on poetry, experimental writing, and quality translations of foreign literature, as well as bringing classics back into print. They are the main publisher for Ezra Pound, Tennessee Williams, and William Carlos Williams. Other authors whose work they have published include: Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Henry Miller, Thomas Merton, Kenneth Patchen, Kenneth Rexroth, Delmore Schwartz, and Dylan Thomas. The company was incorporated in 1964 as the New Directions Publishing Corporation and continues to operate from New York City.
- I. Correspondence
- II. Title and subject files
- III. Compositions
- IV. Business records
- A. Business and financial correspondence and other papers
- A1. Business files arranged by correspondent
- A2. Business files arranged by subject
- B. Banking records
- C. Corporation minutes, reports, lists, sales materials, etc.
- C1. Annual meeting documents
- C2. Financial statements
- C3. Financial reports
- C4. Inventory materials
- C5. Sales materials
- D. James Laughlin Proprietorship tax-related documents, 1964-1981
- E. Robert MacGregor files, 1950-1982
- E1. Correspondence between JL and RM
- E2. Correspondence of JL with others concerning Robert MacGregor and his estate
- E3. Other papers relating to Robert MacGregor
- F. Gertrude Huston files, 1967-1979
- V. Contracts
- VI. Literary agencies
- A. Ezra Pound literary agency correspondence
- A1. Pound estate correspondence
- A2. Correspondence by individual and institutional name
- A3. By subject
- A4. Correspondence by title: works by, translated by, and about Pound
- B. Ezra Pound literary agency secondary files
- B1. Letters to and from Pound
- B2. Works by Pound
- B3. Articles about Pound's work
- B4. Biographical works on Pound
- B5. Poundiana
- B6. Lists
- C. William Carlos Williams literary agency correspondence
- C1. Williams estate correspondence
- C2. Correspondence by individual and institutional name
- C3. By subject
- C4. By author and title: works by and about Williams
- D. William Carlos Williams literary agency secondary files
- D1. Letters to and from Williams
- D2. Works by Williams
- D3. Articles about Williams and his work
- D4. Williamsiana
- D5. Lists
- E. Federico García Lorca literary agency correspondence
- E1. García Lorca estate correspondence
- E2. Correspondence by individual and institution name, country, title in Spanish, and subject
- F. Federico García Lorca literary agency title and translation files
- F1. Federico y su mundo (In the green morning)
- F1a. Editorial correspondence and documents
- F1b. Manuscripts for publication
- F1c. Visual materials
- F1d. Ephemera
- F2. Selected poems of Federico García Lorca
- F2a. Correspondence
- F2b. Translations
- F3. Translations of García Lorca works and compositions by others
Immediate Source of Acquisition
44NM-2. bMS Am 2077 (881) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Oct.; bequest 1997.
44LM-4F. bMS Am 2077 (4075) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Dec. 1; bequest 1997.
44LM-6F. bMS Am 2077 (4096) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Dec. 1; bequest 1997.
44LM-5F. bMS Am 2077 (4098) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Dec. 1; bequest 1997.
44LM-2F. bMS Am 2077 (4101) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Dec. 1; bequest 1997.
44LM-7F. bMS Am 2077 (4102) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1944 Dec. 1; bequest 1997.
70M-39. bMS Am 2077 (4290) Deposited by James Laughlin, 1970 Dec.; bequest 1997.
2000M-54. bMS Am 2077 (1745) Gift of Eliot Weinberger, 2001 April 12. 2006M-12.bMS Am 2077 (1154a), (2021a), (2023a) Gift of William Reese Company; received: 2006 Aug. 16.
2008M-17r. Copies interfiled in bMS Am 2077 (1039) Gift of Elaine Lustig Cohen, 2002 March 20.
2011M-146. bMS Am 2077 (3617a) Gift of New Directions Publishing Corp., 2000 March 27.
- New Directions Publishing Corp. New Directions Publishing Corp. records, circa 1932-1997: Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
- EAD ID
Part of the Houghton Library Repository
Houghton Library is Harvard College's principal repository for rare books and manuscripts, literary and performing arts archives, and more. The library's holdings of primary source material are managed by an expert staff and shared with scholars, students and the public in the reading room.
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