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Papers of Annie Jump Cannon

Collection Identifier: HUGFP 125

The collection documents both the personal and professional life of Annie Jump Cannon, the first astronomer to systematically classify the stars.  It contains diaries, autobiographical writings, correspondence, manuscripts, and photographs, relating to her life and career.

Collection of Edward Holyoke materials

Collection Identifier: HUM 312
Overview: Edward Holyoke (1689-1769) was the ninth president of Harvard College, serving for thirty-two years from 1737 to 1769. This artificial collection, dated 1721-circa 1780s, consists of an astronomy notebook and sermons written by Holyoke, a drinking tube fashioned from his watch case, a letter to Holyoke from his friend Benjamin Dearborn, and a letter to a proprietor of the Second Church of Marblehead, Massachusetts, from Overseer William Dudley related to Holyoke’s election as president of...

Caleb Gannett collection

Collection Identifier: HUM 314
Overview: Caleb Gannett (1745-1818), Harvard College Steward from 1779 to 1818, was born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts. He received an AB from Harvard in 1763 and an AM in 1766. Gannett was a member of the Pembroke Church and studied theology with Ebenezer Gay (1696-1787; Harvard AB 1714). The collection consists of seven manuscript notebooks, dated circa 1758 to 1785. There are two letter books; three mathematical and astronomical notebooks, mostly compiled while Gannett was a student at Harvard...

Papers of Leo Goldberg, 1933-1987

Collection Identifier: HUGFP 83

Leo Goldberg (1913-1987) was an American astronomer with appointments to the University of Michigan, Harvard, the United States National Observatory at Kitt Peak, and the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Materials document Goldberg's career, chiefly post-1960.

Harvard College Observatory Blueprints from Oak Ridge Observatory

Collection Identifier: hsi-00002

The Harvard College Observatory was founded in 1839 in Cambridge, MA. During the 20th century research expanded with observatories in New Mexico, Peru, and South Africa using telescopes ranging from 1” to 61” in diameter. This collection contains technical drawings collected at Oak Ridge Observatory relating to many of the observatory buildings and telescopes.

Harvard College Observatory observations, logs, instrument readings, and calculations

Collection Identifier: KG11365-6
Scope and Contents: This collection contains over 2500 logbooks and notebooks produced by the Harvard Computers and early Harvard astronomers, many of which feature datasets and processing observations relating to the HCO’s collection of astronomical glass plate photographs. The Harvard Computers were a team of women who worked for the Harvard College Observatory under the supervision of Director Edward Charles Pickering (1877-1919). Notable women include: Annie Jump Cannon, Williamina Fleming, Antonia Maury,...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director Joseph Winlock

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.10
Overview: Joseph Winlock (1826-1875) was an astronomer and mathematician who served as the third director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1866 until his death on June 11, 1875. The records document Joseph Winlock's tenure as director, and primarily consist of Winlock's incoming and outgoing correspondence files. The letters relate to Observatory publications, relationships with other scientific institutions, and discussions of astronomical and meteorological information. The records also...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Chronometric Expedition

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.349
Overview: In the mid-nineteenth century, the Chronometric Expedition was carried out by the Harvard College Observatory, under the direction of William Cranch Bond and in conjunction with the United States Coast Survey. The expedition used chronometers that were made by William Bond & Son, the Bond family's private business, to determine differences of longitude between the observatories in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Liverpool, England. The records primarily consist of notebooks, data sheets,...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director George Phillips Bond

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.6
Overview: The Records of Harvard College Observatory Director George Phillips Bond, consisting of correspondence and subject files, manuscript drafts, and astronomical data, chiefly document the research activities of the Harvard College Observatory from 1859 to 1865. Chronicled are observations of planets, including Mars and Jupiter; efforts to determine the brightness of stars; and the detection of comets, eclipses, and other astronomical phenomena. George Phillips Bond (1825-1865), an astronomer,...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.2
Overview: The Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond document the founding, growth, and scientific research of the Harvard College Observatory primarily from 1840 to 1859. Also chronicled is the Observatory’s participation in advances made in astronomy, stellar photography, meteorology, continental exploration, and technological improvements in astronomical instruments in the early nineteenth century. William Cranch Bond (1789-1859), American astronomer and instrument...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Time Service

Sub-Fonds Identifier: UAV 630.377
Overview: In 1872, under Director Joseph Winlock, the Harvard College Observatory established the world’s first public time service, which it provided as a commercial service until 1892. The Observatory sold its time service to railroads and businesses by sending hourly signals over Boston’s fire alarm system and distributing time across the region via Western Union telegraph lines; this work eventually resulted in the establishment of the country's first time zone. The Records of the Harvard College...

Harvard Science Center Film Collection

Collection Identifier: hfa00014
Overview: In addition to texts, motion picture films play an integral role in communicating information and explaining complex ideas. For this reason films were often used in classrooms to supplement traditional course material. This 16mm film collection from the Harvard Science Center features educational science films from 1933 to 1998 focusing on a variety of scientific subject matter including physics, chemistry, biology and astronomy. The intended audiences for most of these films were high...

Mathematical theses, 1782-1839.

Collection Identifier: HUC 8782.514

The mathematical theses consist of equations and drawings which illustrate the equations. At the time of their creation, the purpose of these finely executed documents on large sheets of paper was to demonstrate a student's mastery of one or more mathematical concepts, yet the enduring value of many of the them lies in the fact that they are works of art.

Papers of Margaret Harwood, 1891-1971

Collection Identifier: SC 20

Lecture notebooks, autobiographical sketch, astronomical problems, and astronomy final exams created by Arthur Searle; also correspondence and course materials of Margaret Harwood, Radcliffe College Class of 1907.

Papers of Margaret Harwood, 1902-1974

Collection Identifier: 79-M62--2007-M228

Correspondence, family papers, photographs, etc., of Margaret Harwood, astronomer.

Margaret Mayall personal archive

Collection Identifier: HUM 294
Overview: Margaret Walton Mayall (1902-1995) was an American astronomer. After receiving her MA from Radcliffe College in 1928, she began working at the Harvard College Observatory. This collection contains 35 black and white photographs, which depict the Harvard College Observatory staff camping in southeastern Maine to watch the total solar eclipse on August 31, 1932. Also includes Mayall’s 1957 G. Bruce Blair Award and a copy of Mayall’s 1970 Manual for Observing Variable...

Papers of Donald Howard Menzel, 1931-1986

Collection Identifier: HUG 4567
Overview: Donald Howard Menzel (1901-1976) taught astronomy at Harvard, and was director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1952 to 1966. According to the National Academy of Sciences' Biographical Memoir, "Menzel was one of the first practitioners of theoretical astrophysics in the United States and pioneered the application of quantum mechanics to astronomical spectroscopy." These papers chiefly document Menzel's professional life of research, writing, and participation in professional...

Papers of Dorrit Hoffleit, 1906-2005

Collection Identifier: MC 529

Papers of Dorrit Hoffleit, astronomer at Harvard and Yale Universities and at the Maria Mitchell Observatory in Nantucket.

Photographs of Boyden Station in South Africa

Collection Identifier: HUY 178
Overview: Boyden Station was established by Harvard University in 1889 to allow for observations from the Southern Hemisphere. The observatory was originally located in Arequipa, Peru, but was relocated to a spot near Bloemfontien in the Orange Free State, South Africa in 1927 due to better weather. The collection includes 182 photographs, which probably date from the 1930s to 1950s. The images depict Boyden Station, as well as its surrounding areas, including employees, equipment, and local South...

Somerville High School Film Collection

Collection Identifier: hfa00030
Overview: Consisting of 385 educational films produced for classroom use between the 1930s and 1980s, the Somerville High School Collection provides a representative sample of the subjects and genres of educational media used in classrooms during this period. Though collected by Somerville High School, the films are aimed at students from primary grades through high school and cover a variety of subjects including art, math, music, science, health, and social studies. A highlight of the collection is...