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Records of the Harvard College Observatory : the Boyden Station, Arequipa, Peru, 1888-1927.

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.100
Overview: Harvard's first astronomical observatory was established in 1839 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and became the Harvard College Observatory. Boyden Station was established to allow for observations from the Southern Hemisphere and was located in Arequipa, Peru. The Station was moved to a spot near Bloemfontien in the Orange Free State, South Africa in 1927. These records document the establishment and administration of the Boyden Station observatory in Arequipa, Peru, and the astronomical and...

Records of Boyden Station, Bloemfontein, South Africa, 1907-1956

Sub-Series Identifier: UAV 630.110
Overview: Harvard's first astronomical observatory was established in 1839 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and became the Harvard College Observatory. Boyden Station was established to allow for observations from the Southern Hemisphere and was originally located in Arequipa, Peru. The Station was moved to a spot near Bloemfontien in the Orange Free State, South Africa in 1927. Harvard stopped direct support of the site around 1966. Records of Boyden Station in Bloemfontein, South Africa consist chiefly of...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director Harlow Shapley

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.22
Overview: Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer who served as Director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1921 to 1952. The records document Shapley’s tenure as director and primarily consist of his incoming and outgoing correspondence files. The letters, including three volumes of outgoing correspondence, relate to Observatory operations, research, and activities, particularly its cooperation with other astronomers and observatories from throughout the United States and abroad. Also...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director Joseph Winlock

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.10
Overview: Joseph Winlock (1826-1875) was an astronomer and mathematician who served as the third director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1866 until his death on June 11, 1875. The records document Joseph Winlock's tenure as director, and primarily consist of Winlock's incoming and outgoing correspondence files. The letters relate to Observatory publications, relationships with other scientific institutions, and discussions of astronomical and meteorological information. The records also include...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory : Photographs, 1887-approximately 1930? and undated

Series Identifier: UAV 630.271
Overview: These photographs depict the activities, personnel, and research of the Harvard College Observatory, including Observatory personnel, buildings, equipment, and surrounding landscape in Cambridge and at observatory stations in Colorado, California, possibly Jamaica, and South America (chiefly Peru). Research was primarily astronomical, but involved some meteorological observation to determine where the Observatory stations should be sited. Approximately 600 of the photographs depict South...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Chronometric Expedition

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.349
Overview: In the mid-nineteenth century, the Chronometric Expedition was carried out by the Harvard College Observatory, under the direction of William Cranch Bond and in conjunction with the United States Coast Survey. The expedition used chronometers that were made by William Bond & Son, the Bond family's private business, to determine differences of longitude between the observatories in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Liverpool, England. The records primarily consist of notebooks, data sheets,...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.2
Overview: The Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond document the founding, growth, and scientific research of the Harvard College Observatory primarily from 1840 to 1859. Also chronicled is the Observatory’s participation in advances made in astronomy, stellar photography, meteorology, continental exploration, and technological improvements in astronomical instruments in the early nineteenth century. William Cranch Bond (1789-1859), American astronomer and instrument...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director's Office

Series Identifier: UAV 630.95.3
Scope and Contents: The Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director's Office contains memoranda, reports, minutes, budgets, and correspondence from the Physics, Astronomy, and Earth and Planetary Sciences departments. The series also includes documents from the Oak Ridge Observatory, the Donald Menzel Memorial Service, and the Space Infrared Telescope Facility. It includes materials for visiting committees, curriculum vitae, candidate evaluations, and other records concerning appointments, as well as...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Time Service

Sub-Fonds Identifier: UAV 630.377
Overview: In 1872, under Director Joseph Winlock, the Harvard College Observatory established the world’s first public time service, which it provided as a commercial service until 1892. The Observatory sold its time service to railroads and businesses by sending hourly signals over Boston’s fire alarm system and distributing time across the region via Western Union telegraph lines; this work eventually resulted in the establishment of the country's first time zone. The Records of the Harvard College...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory kept by Willard Peabody Gerrish

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.25
Overview: Willard Peabody Gerrish (1866-1951) was an assistant professor of astronomy at the Harvard College Observatory, where he worked under Edward Charles Pickering and, later, Harlow Shapley, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The records contain three volumes of letterbooks, booklets, blueprints, and correspondence dating from 1887 to 1939. The correspondence is between the Harvard College Observatory and other Harvard University departments, companies, and observatories on...