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Cartes Photographiques du Ciel received by the Harvard College Observatory

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.211
Overview: In 1887, the first International Astrophotographic Congress launched the Carte du Ciel, an international astronomical project to photograph every star in the sky, and compile a catalog, known as the Astrographic Catalogue, listing the positions of stars from the fourteenth magnitude down to the eleventh magnitude, from this photographic atlas. The Cartes Photographiques du Ciel received by the Harvard College Observatory as part of the Carte du Ciel documents portions of the star mapping...

Award certificates presented to the Harvard College Observatory

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.218
Overview:

The Harvard College Observatory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (founded in 1890) were merged in 1973 to form The Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The collection consists of award certificates presented chiefly by international exhibitions showcasing national achievements to the Harvard College Observatory in recognition of its contributions to the study of astronomy from 1893 to 1933.

Harvard College Observatory computations

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.21x
Overview: The Harvard College Observatory was founded in 1839. In 1973, the Harvard College Observatory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (founded in 1890) merged to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The Center is a research institute that carries on studies in astronomy, astrophysics, earth and space sciences, and science education. The computation records, including logbooks, notebooks, and manuscripts, principally document the analysis of stars in Cambridge and...

Harvard College Observatory financial records

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.2xx
Overview: The Harvard College Observatory was founded in 1839. In 1973, the Harvard College Observatory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (founded in 1890) merged to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The Center is a research institute that carries on studies in astronomy, astrophysics, earth and space sciences, and science education. The Harvard College Observatory financial records document the Observatory’s income and expenditures from 1863 to 1952, and include...

Harvard College Observatory records of the longitude campaign from Cambridge-Duxbury-Brest

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.369
Overview: Between December 13, 1869, and the summer of 1872, electric signals were sent via the Atlantic cable between Brest, France, and the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, via Duxbury, Massachusetts in an effort to accurately determine the difference of longitude between North America and Europe. The Harvard College Observatory records of the longitude campaign from Cambridge-Duxbury-Brest contains notes, telegraph messages, data charts, and reports, relating to topics such...

Harvard College Observatory records related to the solar eclipse of 1869

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.369.5
Overview:

A total solar eclipse occurred on August 7, 1869 and was visible from parts of the northeastern United States. The Harvard College Observatory sent a team, led by director Joseph Winlock, to Shelbyville, Kentucky to observe and make recordings of the eclipse. The Harvard College Observatory records related to the solar eclipse of 1869 include reports, notes, data booklets, notebooks, and photographs of the Observatory staff members at their campsite in Kentucky.

Harvard College Observatory records related to the solar eclipse of 1932

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.432.10
Overview:

A total solar eclipse occurred on August 31, 1932 and was visible in its totality across parts of Canada and New England. The Harvard College Observatory records related to the solar eclipse of 1932 include correspondence, clippings, drawings, notes, and photographs of the eclipse taken by amateur astronomers.

Harvard College Observatory records relating to the meteor showers of 1898 and 1899

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.398
Overview:

The Harvard College Observatory records relating to the meteor showers of 1898 and 1899 contain correspondence and related materials, including lists of observers, an annotated map, and a chart of "Observations of November Meteors," mostly documenting the meteor shower of 1898. The majority of the series contains incoming correspondence to the Harvard College Observatory from observers located across the United States and around the world, describing the meteor shower of 1898.

Harvard College Observatory reports written by William Cranch Bond and Joseph Winlock

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.275
Overview:

The Harvard College Observatory reports written by William Cranch Bond and Joseph Winlock contain various types of reports written by nineteenth century Observatory directors Bond and Winlock, dating from 1844 to 1874. The series contains full Harvard College Observatory annual reports and extracts, as well as documents appended to those reports on a variety of astronomical topics.

Records of the Harvard College Observatory : the Boyden Station, Arequipa, Peru, 1888-1927.

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.100
Overview: Harvard's first astronomical observatory was established in 1839 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and became the Harvard College Observatory. Boyden Station was established to allow for observations from the Southern Hemisphere and was located in Arequipa, Peru. The Station was moved to a spot near Bloemfontien in the Orange Free State, South Africa in 1927. These records document the establishment and administration of the Boyden Station observatory in Arequipa, Peru, and the astronomical and...

Records of Boyden Station, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Sub-Series Identifier: UAV 630.110.xx
Overview: Harvard's first astronomical observatory was established in 1839 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and became the Harvard College Observatory. Boyden Station was established to allow for observations from the Southern Hemisphere and was originally located in Arequipa, Peru. In 1908, after severe weather rendered observations at Arequipa increasingly difficult, Observatory employee Solon I. Bailey traveled to South Africa to explore new locations for the Boyden Station. He eventually recommended a...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director Harlow Shapley

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.22
Overview: Harlow Shapley (1885-1972) was an astronomer who served as Director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1921 to 1952. The records document Shapley’s tenure as director and primarily consist of his incoming and outgoing correspondence files. The letters, including three volumes of outgoing correspondence, relate to Observatory operations, research, and activities, particularly its cooperation with other astronomers and observatories from throughout the United States and abroad. Also...

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director Joseph Winlock

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.10
Overview: Joseph Winlock (1826-1875) was an astronomer and mathematician who served as the third director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1866 until his death on June 11, 1875. The records document Joseph Winlock's tenure as director, and primarily consist of Winlock's incoming and outgoing correspondence files. The letters relate to Observatory publications, relationships with other scientific institutions, and discussions of astronomical and meteorological information. The records also...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Chronometric Expedition

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.349
Overview: In the mid-nineteenth century, the Chronometric Expedition was carried out by the Harvard College Observatory, under the direction of William Cranch Bond and in conjunction with the United States Coast Survey. The expedition used chronometers that were made by William Bond & Son, the Bond family's private business, to determine differences of longitude between the observatories in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Liverpool, England. The records primarily consist of notebooks, data sheets,...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director Donald H. Menzel

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.37
Overview: Donald Howard Menzel (1901-1976), astronomer and astrophysicist, served as director of the Harvard College Observatory from 1952 until his retirement in 1966. The Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director Donald H. Menzel consist chiefly of incoming and outgoing letters with a variety of correspondents, including many notable scientists from the United States and abroad, and document the research and administrative activities of the Harvard College Observatory from 1951 to 1969....

Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.2
Overview: The Records of Harvard College Observatory Director William Cranch Bond document the founding, growth, and scientific research of the Harvard College Observatory primarily from 1840 to 1859. Also chronicled is the Observatory’s participation in advances made in astronomy, stellar photography, meteorology, continental exploration, and technological improvements in astronomical instruments in the early nineteenth century. William Cranch Bond (1789-1859), American astronomer and instrument...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director's Office

Series Identifier: UAV 630.95.3
Scope and Contents: The Records of the Harvard College Observatory Director's Office contains memoranda, reports, minutes, budgets, and correspondence from the Physics, Astronomy, and Earth and Planetary Sciences departments. The series also includes documents from the Oak Ridge Observatory, the Donald Menzel Memorial Service, and the Space Infrared Telescope Facility. It includes materials for visiting committees, curriculum vitae, candidate evaluations, and other records concerning appointments, as well as...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory : Observations of zodiacal light and the gegenschein

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.263
Overview: The Harvard College Observatory and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (founded in 1890) were merged in 1973 to form The Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The systematic examination of zodiacal light and the gegenschein, optical phenomena associated with dust in the plane of the planets, began at the Harvard College Observatory in 1877. The records in this collection, including notes, star charts, and sketches, document the study of zodiacal light and the gegenschein by...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Phillips Library

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.150.5
Overview:

The Harvard College Observatory's Phillips Library was founded in 1848. The Records of the Harvard College Observatory Phillips Library contain eight bound volumes, mostly dating from 1858 to approximately 1932, which document the published works obtained by the library.

Records of the Harvard College Observatory : Photographs, 1887-approximately 1930? and undated

Series Identifier: UAV 630.271
Overview: These photographs depict the activities, personnel, and research of the Harvard College Observatory, including Observatory personnel, buildings, equipment, and surrounding landscape in Cambridge and at observatory stations in Colorado, California, possibly Jamaica, and South America (chiefly Peru). Research was primarily astronomical, but involved some meteorological observation to determine where the Observatory stations should be sited. Approximately 600 of the photographs depict South...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory Time Service

Sub-Fonds Identifier: UAV 630.377
Overview: In 1872, under Director Joseph Winlock, the Harvard College Observatory established the world’s first public time service, which it provided as a commercial service until 1892. The Observatory sold its time service to railroads and businesses by sending hourly signals over Boston’s fire alarm system and distributing time across the region via Western Union telegraph lines; this work eventually resulted in the establishment of the country's first time zone. The Records of the Harvard College...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory kept by Willard Peabody Gerrish

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.25
Overview: Willard Peabody Gerrish (1866-1951) was an assistant professor of astronomy at the Harvard College Observatory, where he worked under Edward Charles Pickering and, later, Harlow Shapley, during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The records contain three volumes of letterbooks, booklets, blueprints, and correspondence dating from 1887 to 1939. The correspondence is between the Harvard College Observatory and other Harvard University departments, companies, and observatories...

Records of the Harvard College Observatory : Research contract files related to the solar observatory at Sacramento Peak in New Mexico

Collection Identifier: UAV 630.280
Overview: The Sacramento Peak Observatory was a United States Air Force research facility dedicated to solar-terrestrial studies, with special contracts to the Harvard College Observatory for examinations of the Sun, solar activity, cosmic radiation, the sources of radio noise, and the upper atmosphere. Reports, correspondence, contracts, proposals, notes, and financial statements document the Harvard College Observatory's contributions to the establishment and operation of the Sacramento Peak...