Papers of Joanna Rooker Bucknall and Martha Elizabeth Bucknall, 1818-1988 (inclusive), 1830-1890 (bulk)
- Majority of material found within 1830-1890
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
1.88 linear feet ((4 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder and 2 folio+ folders)
Family correspondence includes letters to and from the sisters, their brothers, Ebenezer Gazzam Bucknall and Samuel Rooker Bucknall, their nephews and various other relatives. In approximately 1865 the nephews (sons of Samuel) went to live with Joanna Rooker Bucknall and Martha Elizabeth Bucknall. The spelling of the Bucknall name was changed (between 1869 and 1882) to Bucknell. The nephews used the new spelling but Joanna Rooker Bucknall and Martha Elizabeth Bucknall did not.
The financial records document both personal and school expenses, ranging from mortgages and leases to Sunday collections and household items. Two volumes of cash books probably record every daily expenditure for the years 1861-1868 and 1876-1887. The family correspondence also includes financial requests by and of the sisters. Letters by Joanna Rooker Bucknall and Martha Elizabeth Bucknall are mostly manuscript drafts or copies. Many of them are undated, although folder 3 lists probably every letter that Joanna Rooker Bucknall wrote, 1883-1886. In many letters it is not clear to which sister a letter was addressed or by which sister a letter was written; these papers are therefore not divided according to sister. This collection lacks much specific information including dates, names of the schools, numbers of students in any given year, etc., but substantially documents student education in the mid-19th century and the importance of religion in women's lives.
Additional material (accession numbers 88-M113 and 99-M4) was added to the collection in January 2016. This material is located in #68-70. Folders are listed in intellectual not numerical order.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of the Bucknall sisters were deposited with the Schlesinger Library in October 1975 by Samuel R. Bucknell, their grand nephew, and his wife, Sarah Moone Bucknell. Additional material was donated by David Cope Elkington in August 1988 and January 1999.
- New York Mirror, July 18, 1846. Issue with report on Rutgers Female Institute commencement exercises.
- Newark Daily Advertiser, November 18, 1842
- Newark Daily Advertiser, October 6, 1843
- Newark Daily Advertiser, July 7, 1846
- Newark Daily Advertiser, August 16, 1849
- Newark Daily Advertiser, August 17, 1849
- Newark Daily Advertiser, March 22, 1855
- Newark Daily Advertiser, May 15, 1858
- New York Recorder, June 4, 1846
- New York Recorder, July 12, 1854
- The Examiner: New York Recorder and New York Baptist Register, August 30, 1855
- The Sower and Gospel Field, New York, November, 1870
- Wayne County Democrat, Wooster, Ohio, March 25, 1847
- The True Union, Baltimore and Washington, April 26, 1855
- The Daily Pittsburgh Gazette, August 30, 1855
- The People's Gazette, East St. Louis, Illinois, August 12, 1871
- Engraving and catalogues of painting: donated to the Fogg Museum
- Chemistry chart and booklet re making pens: deposited in the Houghton Library
- Religious pamphlets: deposited in the Andover-Harvard Theological Library
- Box 1: 1-21v
- Box 2: 22v-37
- Box 3: 38-47
- Box 4: 48-59
- Box 5: 60-70
By: Linda J. Henry
Updated and additional material added: January 2016
By: Mark Vassar
- Education--History--19th century
- Educators--United States
- Finance, Personal--History--19th century
- Private schools--Business management--History--19th century
- Religion--History--19th century
- Schools--New Jersey--New Brunswick--History--19th century
- Schools--New Jersey--Newark--History--19th century
- Schools--New York (State)--New York--History--19th century
- Students--History--19th century
- Bucknall, Joanna Rooker, 1816?-1895. Papers of Joanna Rooker Bucknall and Martha Elizabeth Bucknall, 1818-1988 (inclusive), 1830-1890 (bulk): A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- The collection was processed under National Endowment for the Humanities Grant Number RC 24669-76-987.
- EAD ID
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