Records of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, 1933-2008 (inclusive), 1960-1999 (bulk)
- Majority of material found within 1960-1999
Language of Materials
Files in Series I, Subseries B (Selection of fellows, #14.1-37.7); Series II, Subseries H (Director Florence Ladd, #208.1-220.5); Series II, Subseries I (Director Rita Nakashima Brock, #220.6-223.4, E.1); Series III (Advisory Committee, #237.1-242.8, F+D.2); and Series V (Financial, #254.1-276.9) are closed to all research for 50 years from the latest date on each folder title.
Files in Series I, Subseries C (Individual fellow files, #38.1-132.3, F+D.1, OD.1) are closed to all research for 80 years from the latest date on each folder title, or until the individual's death.
The following folders are closed as noted: #2.5, 6.4-6.6, 7.1, 13.3, 144.12, 146.1, 146.8, 167.2, 171.3, 178.5, 179.9, 180.14, 189.2-189.3, 190.2, 190.7, 191.28, 199.4, 204.13, 206.8, 230.1, 230.14-230.17, 230.19, 231.1-231.2, 235.15, 235.18-235.21, 236.3, 249.6, 249.10, 278.1, 288.3-288.14, 289.1, 301.9, 303.17, 304.1-304.3, 305.7, 312.13, 313.7, 313.11, 314.5, 314.12, 317.1, 317.11, 318.4-318.5, 318.11-318.12, and 319.4.
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
147.58 linear feet ((335 file boxes, 2 half file boxes, 1 folio box, 1 folio+ box, 3 oversize boxes) plus 2 folio folders, 4 folio+ folders, 2 oversize folders, 130 photograph folders, 451 slides, 1 folio photograph folder, 1 folio+ photograph folder)
708.5 kilobytes (40 files)
The records of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute were transferred to the Radcliffe College Archives beginning in 1978. In 1979 a finding aid was created, and additional records were described as they were transferred, ending in 2000. In 2015, material transferred to the Archives between 2003 and 2011 was added to the earlier material and all records are now listed and described together. Original folder titles were used and supplemented by archivists when necessary for clarity. Electronic records were received on 26 3.5" inch disks, 7 5.25" disks, and 1 miniDV disk. Disks were imaged using FTK Imager and Duke Data Accessioner. Data on 12 of the 3.5" disks, all 7 of the 5.25" disks, and the miniDV disk were unrecoverable.
The materials found in the records of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute overlap with other Radcliffe College Archives, including Mary Ingraham Bunting Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1960-1972 (RG II, Series 4); the Papers of Mary Ingraham Bunting-Smith, 1926-2002 (MC 564); Matina Horner Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1968-1984 (RG II, Series 5.2-5.3); Matina Horner Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1972-1989 (RG II, Series 5); Radcliffe College Archives sound recordings collection, 1951- 2008 (RG XX, Series 8-9); Radcliffe College Archives subject files, 1869-2007 (RG XXIV, Series 5); Records of the Oral History of Radcliffe College during the Horner Years, 1998-2014 (MC 796, RA.T-129); Records of the Radcliffe College Alumnae Association, 1887-1990 (RG IX, Series 1-6); and Records of the Radcliffe Seminars, 1950-1985 (RG XXXII, Series 1). Records of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study's fellowship program (1999- ) can be found at the Harvard University Archives.
Series I, FELLOWS, 1960-2004 (#1.1-147.6, F+D.1, OD.1, 338OB.1-340OB.1), includes material generated by the offices of the Bunting Institute staff, the Selection Committee, the Society of Institute Fellows, and by individual Bunting fellows. These records include memos, correspondence, reports, publications, questionnaires, evaluations, rosters, programs, applications, and work papers. Also documented here is material specifically generated for the fellows' use, such as staff directories and handbooks. This series is arranged in five subseries.
Subseries A, General, 1960-2001, n.d. (#1.1-13.10), includes correspondence, minutes, memos, directories, guides, reports, application forms, questionnaires, evaluations, rosters, programs, bibliographies, and handbooks generated by the Bunting Institute staff. The staff of the Bunting Institute supported the Bunting fellows throughout the fellowship year. Orientation was held at the beginning of the fellowship year to welcome the new fellows, acquaint them with the Bunting Institute, the Radcliffe College campus, and the amenities available to them. The Bunting Institute did not offer the fellows housing, but did collect housing information from the neighborhoods surrounding Harvard Square. At the end of every fellowship year, the Bunting fellows were asked to evaluate their experience and the Bunting Institute as a whole (#3.1-3.5). Between 1965 and 1967 current and former Bunting fellows were asked to fill out questionnaires regarding their work after leaving the Bunting Institute, which were used to compile statistics of tenure and other benchmarks of success (#11.9-11.11). This subseries documents the various named fellowships, and may overlap with Selection Committee material in Series I, Subseries B.
Subseries B, Selection of fellows, 1961-1998, n.d. (#14.1-37.7), includes memos, correspondence, reports, rosters of Bunting fellows by funding source and field of study, and notes. This material was generated by the offices of the Bunting Institute, the Selection Committees, first and second stage readers, and selection panelists. Included is correspondence from Mary Ingraham Bunting, Radcliffe College President, and Constance Smith, Dean of the Bunting Institute, to administrators and faculty members at numerous colleges and universities asking for their nominations of ideal Bunting Institute candidates. This subseries documents the entire selection process from 1974 to 1998, including changes to selection criteria, staff involvement, the makeup of the Final Selection Committee, commentary on the projects of individual fellows, and the number of Bunting fellows accepted each year. In 1995 the Bunting Institute attempted to change the application procedures in the creative writing, music and visual arts fields by requiring that these candidates be nominated by a former fellow or by a distinguished member of their field, instead of applying themselves. There was swift backlash from former Bunting fellows, and the policy change only lasted for the 1995-1996 fellowship year (#36.10). This material also contains comments from readers and selection panels as to the suitability of the applicants. Also documented here are which former fellows, including Alice Walker, Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot, Sylvia Earle, Anne Sexton, and Barbara Solomon, returned to serve as readers or members of the Selection Committee. These records also include correspondence regarding applications from scholars in developing countries and their eligibility (#25.1). Some records describe the various named fellowships, and may overlap with similar material in Series I, Subseries A, and Series VI, Subseries C. The subseries is arranged chronologically by fellowship year, and then alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries C, Individual fellow files, 1960-2004 (#38.1-132.3, F+D.1, OD.1), includes application forms, recommendation letters, personal statements, curricula vitae, project proposals, writing samples, colloquia program flyers, clippings, fellows' reviews of their fellowship year, and correspondence. Bunting Institute staff maintained a master file, referred to as "blue dot" files, for each fellow. These files contained a core set of materials, including complete application packets, project proposals, and correspondence. Subsequent materials related to each fellow were added to these files over time, including after the fellow had left the program, such as photographs, slides, audiocassettes, memos from the institute, promotional postcards, articles, book chapters, and exhibition catalogs. The evolution of the Bunting Institute can be seen in the files as the requirements and procedures changed over the years. A "Former Fellows Questionnaire" was distributed to fellows from 1961 and 1986 to analyze and create an Institute profile of the fellows. These questionnaires can be found in many of the files of fellows from those years, and may overlap with questionnaires in Subseries A and Subseries E. Correspondence regarding the administration of the Bunting fellowship can be found here, as well as personal matters shared by the fellows regarding career and family life. The Bunting fellowship applications came as far away as West Africa, India, and Japan.
The fellows represented a cross-section of the sciences and the humanities and their files reflect an array of projects from these disciplines. Documents about these projects can be found in the fellows' files. Bunting fellows' projects have included Marianna Pineda's bronze sculpture, "Aspect of the Oracle: Portentous," which can be found outside the Schlesinger Library (#39.3-39.4), and the experimental documentary film BlindSight by Wendy Snyder MacNeil and Alice Wingwall, one of the Bunting Institute's few joint applications and project (#117.8, 119.4). These records also contain material relating to Mary Joe Frug, a Bunting fellow in 1990-1991, who was murdered during her fellowship year. Included are a memorial eulogy given by her son, Stephen, and correspondence regarding the controversial Harvard Law Revue 'Parody' of Frug's work (#91.2-91.3).
This subseries is organized chronologically by fellowship year and then alphabetically by name. Bunting fellows who were awarded two or more consecutive fellowships are listed under their first fellowship year and the final fellowship end date. Bunting fellows who completed non-consecutive fellowships are listed under their first fellowship year; their second fellowship year is noted. Audiocassettes were removed from the folders, and cataloged separately as noted. The files of Bunting fellows who are known to be deceased are open for research as noted. Not every Bunting fellow is represented in this subseries.
Subseries D, Working papers, 1967-1999, n.d. (#133.1-144.10, 338OB.1-340OB.1), includes working papers, reports, conference proceedings, and an art piece. The material contained in this subseries was generated by Bunting fellows as part of their fellowship year project, and also by the Bunting Institute staff. The working papers record the large range of scholarly research undertaken by Bunting fellows. Every Bunting fellow was expected to present her on-going work to the rest of the fellows once during the fellowship year. After each talk the fellows would receive feedback from their peers. This forum of open discussion among professionals from varying fields of expertise is one of the hallmarks of the Bunting Institute. Each talk, or colloquium, discussed a paper that was, often in a more polished form, published and distributed by the Bunting Institute at the end of each fellowship year. Some working papers were published in scholarly journals, and the Bunting Institute offered reprints of these when possible. At least one artist, Lillian Hsu-Flanders, did not produce a working paper. One of her final products was a visual art piece, called "The Mending Project," which involved 40 Bunting fellows and staff members as active participants in the project. Each person was given two pieces of cloth and asked to destroy them. The pieces were then redistributed and one of the destroyed pieces was uniquely mended (#137.16). Also of interest is Marian Parry’s limited edition, hand-made book titled Harvard Square in 1970, with nine original wood engravings (#140.5).
This subseries also contains reports, conference proceedings, and other papers that were printed by the Bunting Institute, including the Bunting Institute's Choices for Science Symposium held on April 11, 1980 (#144.9); and the Conference on Changing Commitments of Educated Women held on October 14-15, 1976 (#144.10). The Rama Mehta lectures were established in 1981 in honor of Mehta, a former Bunting fellow who studied modern Indian family and social life. Materials relating to three Rama Mehta lectures is found in this subseries (#133.4, 140.1, 140.18). Director Marion Kilson's report After the Institute: Fellows' Accomplishments and Assessments (#138.8), and Associate Director Norma Ware's report A Look at the Experience of Being a Member of the Bunting Institute (#143.8) are also included.
Not every Bunting fellow's working paper is found within in this subseries. Audiocassette recordings of some colloquia were removed from the folders, and cataloged separately as noted. This subseries is generally arranged alphabetically by fellows' last name. The actual date of the colloquia presentation is listed when known; otherwise the copyright date or year of fellowship is used.
Subseries E, Society of Institute Fellows, 1971-1999, n.d. (#144.11-147.6), includes material generated by the office of the Society of Institute Fellows, records stored in the Society of Institute Fellows file cabinet at the Bunting Institute, and correspondence from Bunting Institute staff to former fellows. Some records were also received by Mary Berg, Society of Institute Fellows President, and subsequently given to the Radcliffe College Archives. Documents include correspondence, minutes, memos, directories, flyers, membership forms, questionnaires, and position papers. This material documents the attempt by Bunting fellows to develop a working relationship between the former Bunting fellows and Bunting Institute staff, while additionally harnessing the resources found within the former fellows to meet the changing needs of professional women in the 1970s and 1980s. The Society of Institute Fellows' structure consisted of an Executive Committee, a Fund Raising Committee, an Arts Committee, a Newsletter Committee, a Programs Committee, and the members. An annual meeting was held each spring and occasionally a business meeting was held in the fall. The Fundraising Committee was charged with raising money to not only fund Society events, but also to support the Bunting Institute as a whole. The Arts Committee collaborated to bring artwork of former fellows to the Bunting Institute, through performances or gallery shows. The Program Committee sponsored a colloquia speaker series, brown bag lunches, and book parties for new publications of Bunting fellows. This subseries also contains the survey conducted in 1971 of the former fellows. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Series II, INSTITUTE DIRECTORS AND DEANS, 1933-2001, n.d. (#147.7-236.8, FD.1, SD.1, E.1), includes material generated by the Bunting Institute deans and directors, assistant directors, their staff, and potential fellows. These records include correspondence, memos, reports, appointment books, questionnaires, printed material, and budgets. The deans, directors, and their staff were responsible for overseeing the administration of the Bunting Institute, they participated in the fellows' activities, and represented the Bunting Institute within Radcliffe College, Harvard University, and at external professional activities. Common correspondence include requests for applications and information on the fellowship program; congratulations of appointment as director or dean, acceptance and rejection letters to fellows; accepting and declining various social and professional engagements; professional recommendations for students, fellows, staff, and professional acquaintances; grant and fundraising letters, introductions of fellows to relevant faculty; financial requests from fellows, outstanding balance notices to the fellows, requests and responses to speaking engagements and serving on boards, questions regarding requests for reading book samples; and thank you letters and notes. Files on the planning of regular Bunting Institute events, which include the fellows' colloquia, sherry hours, book parties and art exhibits of former fellows, conferences, staff retreats, and Publication Day, can be found throughout the series. These contain mailing lists, agendas, notes, invitations, and correspondence on the planning of the event.
There is overlap among subseries. Often, office files and correspondence were passed from one director to the next, so it is not unusual to find earlier material from a former director in a later director's files. In particular, Series I, Subseries A, contains general material generated by the fellows by the Bunting Institute staff, and Series II, Subseries J and K contain material of the administrative and assistant directors and assistants to the director, and so overlap with the director(s) with whom they worked exists. Constance E. Smith was the first Director of the Bunting Institute until 1966, when her title changed from director to dean. The next three heads of the Bunting Institute held the title of dean until 1977, when the merger with Harvard prompted Radcliffe to separate the programs that had been part of the Bunting Institute into different departments. The title of dean was no longer considered appropriate and so the title of director was used to match that used at the Schlesinger Library. The title of director was maintained until the 1999 merger of Radcliffe College with Harvard University. This series is arranged in ten subseries.
Subseries A, Deans Constance E. Smith and Alice Kimball Smith, 1933-1986 (#147.7-170.13, SD.1), includes curricula vitae, articles, correspondence, speeches, clippings, appointment books and calendar, blueprints, minutes, memos, a memorial plaque, research proposals, photographs, outlines, and manuscripts of Constance E. Smith and Alice Kimball Smith. Constance E. Smith was first Director, and then Dean of the Bunting Institute from 1960 until her death in 1970. Alice Kimball Smith then assumed the position of Dean of the Bunting Institute until her retirement in 1973. These materials document the inception of the Bunting Institute and include documents related to the announcement of the Bunting Institute and its reception by the public, as well as the academic community. Records from the early development of the Bunting Institute include programs, publications such as The Next Step: A Guide to Part-time Opportunities in the Greater Boston Area for the Educated Woman, and materials related to the renovation and occupation of the building at 3 James Street. Other topics include early discussions of a merger between Harvard and Radcliffe, student unrest and protest in 1969-1970, the national development of continuing education, and the many commissions, boards, and workshops on education and women. Correspondence includes letters both of support and opposition to the ideas of Mary Bunting as well as letters from institutions interested in setting up similar programs.
A bulk of the correspondence pertains to early inquiries from women requesting information regarding the program (#155.1-157.7). These letters contain personal stories regarding a desire to re-enter the workforce, and often seek advice, guidance, and help finding professional resources as well as asking for information regarding the Bunting Institute. Most rejected applications were destroyed at the time of processing. However, a rejected German applicant's application was found in Constance Smith's correspondence and was retained due to its insights on German life during and after World War II (#163.9). The death of Constance Smith is also captured in numerous letters of condolence and memorial booklets created by the Bunting Institute (#148.12). Letters from prominent women like Eleanor Roosevelt (#154.2), Antonia Chayes (#150.3), and Luisella Goldschmidt-Clermont (#151.4) can be found throughout the correspondence, as well as occasional summaries of interviews and thoughts on people's character and projects written by the Smiths and other staff members. Due to the sudden nature of Constance Smith's death, the files of both Dean Smiths were mixed. This original arrangement has been maintained. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries B, Acting Dean Susan Storey Lyman, 1973-1983 (#171.1-171.3), includes correspondence, memos, articles, interview notes, and reports. Susan Lyman was Acting Dean from 1973 to 1974. This subseries contains materials regarding Lyman's work as a member of the Radcliffe Institute's Advisory Committee on Life Planning to create a counseling program as part of the Bunting Institute, her fundraising efforts for the Bunting Institute, and correspondence. Correspondence contains requests for information on the Bunting Institute from women in Israel generated after an advertisement was placed in the Jerusalem Post, and Radcliffe intern Alice McMorran's work on interviews with Susan Lyman to capture her reflections on the Bunting Institute for the twenty-fifth anniversary. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries C, Dean Patricia Albjerg Graham, 1971-1982 (#171.4-182.10), includes correspondence, meeting minutes, memos, proposals, reports, notes, brochures, calendars, and questionnaires created under Graham's leadership of the Bunting Institute. Patricia Albjerg Graham was dean of Bunting Institute from 1974 to 1977. Topics represented here include the evolution of the fellowship program, centennial preparations for Radcliffe, various research projects and proposals undertaken by the Bunting Institute regarding women and work. This includes Graham's work as a consultant for the Ford Foundation Office of Higher Education and Research in 1977 in which she prepared a report on the progress and state of women in higher education. These documents include the 1971 study on which the report was based, Graham's final report, and meeting minutes from the presentation to the Ford Foundation (#177.9). The agreement and merger between Harvard and Radcliffe is also well documented in this subseries and includes the discussions and policy regarding this event from the Board of Trustees Executive Committee (#178.27), and Future Committee (#178.28). Documents from the Joint Policy Committee (#180.2-180.3) contain meeting minutes and notes related to the assessment of the effects of the merger between Harvard and Radcliffe and the role of Radcliffe within this new system.
Correspondence includes inquiries to potential authors for Radcliffe College's centennial book project as well as letters regarding the changes to the fellowship program under Graham's direction. Some of these changes include the transition of the program from serving married women re-entering the field to single women and more established women advancing their careers and research. Other shifts in the program include phasing out the option to renew fellowships for a second year, increasing funding for fellowships, and the development of new programs and staff positions, such as the director of research. Office files include the Bunting Institute annual reports as well as budget and finance reports. Projects documented here include the working files from the Standing Committee on Women which includes a report for the Harvard Board of Overseers titled Women at Harvard: What is to be Done? (#179.14), the creation of a health careers handbook Continuing Education in Healthcare (#182.7), the preparation and evolution for Radcliffe College's centennial book project (#179.6), and Ann Orlov's consulting work to evaluate and develop a comprehensive publication program for the Bunting Institute (#180.11) and responses gained from a 1975 memo that the Bunting Institute sent to former fellows and a thousand Radcliffe alumnae with professional degrees asking for their input on the new focus of the Institute and the College (#181.1-181.2).
This subseries overlaps with material in Series I, Subseries A, and Series VI, Subseries A and Subseries B. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title. Correspondence is arranged both alphabetically and chronologically.
Subseries D, Director Marion Kilson, 1965-1981 (#182.11-196.11, 236.8), contains correspondence, office subject files, and research program material, many of which overlap with Kilson's time as Director of Research and Director of the Bunting Institute from 1975 to 1980. Kilson's correspondence has been kept as she originally organized it, arranged alphabetically within each fiscal year. General correspondence includes topics such as visiting scholar inquiries, the fellowship program application process, Kilson's interaction with committees on which she served, and conferences in which she attended and participated. Office files were compiled on issues, events, and people whom Kilson felt warranted their own file; these contain correspondence, memos, and notes. Topics include the use of human subjects in research studies; reports on the Research Program and the Bunting Institute's programs, etc. Kilson's office files are grouped chronologically by academic year and alphabetically within. In some cases, dates conflict with the heading date and those have been noted at the end of the folder title. While serving as Director of the Bunting Institute, Kilson remained involved with the research program, keeping alphabetical funder-related files with notes and correspondence on potential and existing foundations and organizations, as well as general files containing progress reports, budgets, and policies and procedures. These records may overlap with Series VI, Subseries A. Overall, the files are arranged alphabetically by heading title and chronologically within.
Subseries E, Acting Director Mary B. Anderson, 1978-1981 (#197.1-197.11), includes correspondence, anniversary brochure drafts, curricula vitae, memos to fellows, reports, clippings, and press releases. Mary B. Anderson was Acting Director from 1980 to 1981. Correspondence and reports cover various topics including the Bunting Institute's 20th anniversary event, letters of recommendation for research associates, grants and fundraising, delivery of published working papers, the arrangement of Anderson's responsibilities as part-time Acting Director, and her reports to Radcliffe President Martina Horner on the Bunting Institute's activities. Anderson's report as Acting Director (#197.4) describes the eligibility of fellowships; the variations in Institute programs; including the launch of the Program for Science Scholars; an international program; minority representation; stipends and accessibility; the institute size, impact, reputation, and responsible scholarship. Overlap exists with Series I, Subseries A, which contains general material by the Bunting Institute staff. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries F, Director Margaret McKenna, 1981-1990 (#197.12-200.1, FD.1), includes correspondence, curricula vitae, meeting minutes, memos, grant proposals, reports, articles, clippings, and committee materials. McKenna served as the Director of the Bunting Institute from 1981 to 1985. Materials of interest in the correspondence includes a fellow's comments on her experience as part of a search group for a new Assistant Director at the Institute (#198.5); these demonstrated a need for better implementation of affirmative action and the need for greater racial diversity among the staff of the Bunting Institute. Other topics include finance and budget, fellowship stipends, word processors, fundraising, grant writing and McKenna's resignation as director of the Bunting Institute in part due to the move from 3 James Street to Concord Avenue. Margaret McKenna was a member of the President's Advisory Committee on the Status of Women at Harvard from 1981 to 1984. This committee focused on the concerns of women at Harvard and provided recommendations to address these issues. Related materials in this subseries include letters and memos to McKenna, Ann Ramsay (Director of the Office of Budgets at Harvard University), and other committee members, and a summary of the responses from fifty major universities on innovative efforts for the hiring and retention of women and minorities. Many documents related to McKenna's role in the Institute's move to Concord Avenue are also found in Series II, Subseries G. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries G, Director Elizabeth McKinsey, 1984-1991 (#200.2-207.13), includes articles, budgets, calendars, clippings, correspondence, curricula vitae, drafts, memos, minutes, news clippings, notes, plans, proposals, press releases, recommendations and reports. Elizabeth McKinsey was the Director from 1985 to 1989; office files were accumulated before and during McKinsey's tenure by various assistants to the director during 1979 to 1989, including Judith Garelick, Linda Perkins, and Ann Bookman. Major events during McKinsey's tenure include the Bunting Institute's move from 3 James Street to Concord Avenue, and the planning and coordinating events for the 25th anniversary of the Bunting Institute and 350th anniversary of Harvard University. This subseries contains documents related to the planning and relocating of the Bunting Institute to 34 Concord Avenue in Cambridge: correspondence and memos regarding the bidding process, progress reports, layouts of the buildings, inventories and punch lists, as well as letters of protest from former fellows and others against the move. Correspondence includes targeted announcements of the fellows program to art departments in the United States, conference and symposium planning, comments on men at the Bunting Institute, and letters of support for Ruth Perry who was denied tenure from MIT (#202.6).
This subseries also documents the fundraising and coordinating of "Collected Visions: Women Artists at the Bunting Institute 1961-1986," a retrospective of 41 visual artists from the Bunting Institute. Other projects documented are proposals for a Women's Studies Concentration, Bunting Institute Archives Project, and a three year Carnegie International Visitor Program bringing three women from the Sub-Saharan Africa or Caribbean to the College. Related material to the Distinguished International Visitor Program can be found in Series VI, Subseries C and Series II, Subseries H. Material regarding Margaret McKenna's role in the Bunting Institute's move to Concord Avenue can be found in Series II, Subseries F. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries H, Director Florence Ladd, 1972-1999 (#208.1-220.5), includes correspondence, reports, press releases, flyers, proposals, curricula vitae, articles, notes, clippings, surveys, questionnaires, meeting minutes, memos, calendars, and budget reports. Florence Ladd was the director of the Bunting Institute from 1989 to 1997. The bulk of these records span her time as director; however, certain records overlap with those found in Series II, Subseries G, notably files on the budget, the National Science Foundation sponsored report, "Project Access," and the 25th anniversary art exhibit. Topics of interest include studies on the impact on fellowships in women in science, events and conferences hosted by the Bunting Institute, the growth of the Bunting Institute and its programs, and the Bunting Institute's position in Radcliffe's merger with Harvard. Budget records from 1985 to 1997 document the finances of the Institute in reports and correspondence. In 1992, an audit (#208.12) was conducted of the Bunting Institute by Harvard's Internal Audit Department because of unusually high expenditures. The audit provides a review of the Bunting Institute's systems and suggestions for improvement for the Institute.
Correspondence includes such topics as a performance evaluation of the Bunting Institute written in 1996 by Ladd assessing each of the goals of the Bunting Institute; consideration of reapplication and awarding second-year appointments to fellows (#212.4); a selection committee member's criticism of the selection process (#213.7); and an effort to create stronger ties to the houses at Harvard by connecting with house-based tutors and developing women-centered activities in conjunction with the Bunting Institute (#213.8). Office files contain donor files, events and Advisory Committee memos, and reports. The Program Directors meeting minutes provide a larger context of Bunting Institute as part of Radcliffe and the upcoming merger. Documents related to staff retreats and staff positions provide insight into the day-to-day functioning of the Bunting Institute, since job descriptions and programs for the upcoming year were outlined in great detail in those files (#219.7-220.5).
This subseries also includes a study headed by Harvard Professor Gerald Holton and sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) called "Project Access: A Study of Access of Women Scientists and Engineers to Research Careers." Eight hundred scientists (two hundred and ninety-five of which were women), who received competitive grants from the National Research Council (NRC), NSF, and the Bunting Institute between 1955 and 1986, were studied to understand the changing situation of women in the sciences. Appendix five in the final report (#219.1), focuses on the Bunting Institute Science Scholars Fellows and assesses the impact of their fellowships on their lives and careers compared against NRC and NSF Fellows. The Bunting Institute also conducted its own surveys of its Science Fellows in 1993 and 1998. The 1993 former Science Scholars questionnaire sought information to help support a new grant to fund more science scholars though the Office of Naval Research (#219.4). An evaluative questionnaire was sent to more than seventy women who participated in Science Scholars Fellowship Program from 1980 to 1993. The results were reported in a six page summary (#214.11). More information regarding Science Scholars can be found in Series II, Subseries K. The 1998 survey was sent to all former Bunting Fellows who were engaged with science during their fellowship or whose current profession was in the sciences, to gauge the professional impact of their fellowship years (#219.5-219.6). This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically.
Subseries I, Director Rita Nakashima Brock, 1987-2001, n.d. (#220.6-223.4, E.1), includes correspondence, evaluations, memos, reports, budgets, biographies, office subject files, and programs generated by Rita Brock. Brock served as Director of the Bunting Institute from 1997 to 2001, during which time Radcliffe College and Harvard University announced their decision to formally merge. Brock received letters from several former fellows strenuously objecting to the merger, and to the news the Bunting Institute would now accept male fellows (#220.7). Correspondence also includes topics such as fundraising, support from former fellows, letters sent to prospective Advisory Committee members, and financial requests from fellows. In 1999 the Bunting fellows suggested a project to list the 1000 most influential women of the millennium. The "Women of the Millennium" was not intended to be ranked, the women would simply be listed chronologically and geographically (#223.1-223.4). Also included are correspondence and reports related to the science fellowships funded by the Office for Naval Research, which ended in 1998. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries J, Administrative and assistant director office files, 1949-2000 (#224.1-230.11), includes correspondence, memos, reports, proposals, forms, notes, speeches, press releases, budgets, flyers, recommendations, and evaluations. The administrative director role was held from 1971 to 1981 by Doris G. Lorentzen. Lorentzen worked at the Bunting Institute between 1963 and 1981 and held many titles including executive secretary, administrative assistant to the dean, and administrative director. As administrative director, her duties included coordinating junior staff activities, managing maintenance issues, and supervising the selection process for new fellow and research associates. Hilda Kahne was Assistant Dean from 1971 to 1977. In 1977, the position of assistant director was established by Marion Kilson (#229.1). The assistant director's responsibilities included aspects of coordinating the fellow's community activities such as the arrangement of colloquia, dinners, newsletters, and reprints as well as participating in decisions about the reviewers for program applicants and funding proposal development. The assistant director would also assume programmatic responsibilities in the director's absence. The assistant directors included Judith Garelick (ca.1977-1979), Barbara Paul-Emile (ca.1979-1980), Linda Perkins (ca.1981-1983), Ann Bookman (ca.1985-1989), Melodye Wehrung (ca.1986-1987), Linda Eisenmann (ca.1990-1993), and Renny Harrington (ca.1995-2000).
Correspondence includes with former fellows, memos to current fellows, recommendations, thank you notes, invitations to speak, and details regarding events and exhibits. Office files contain the administrative running of events and exhibitions including proposals, inventories, and guest lists. These records also include material about programs run by the Bunting Institute, such as the Research Partnership program which paired junior and senior scholars (#230.1), as well as changes at the Bunting Institute which includes Patricia Graham's departure from the Institute and the reorganization of the fellowship programs (#229.1). This subseries also includes annual and monthly reports regarding grants held at the Bunting Institute from 1962 to 1971 (#227.12), as well as reports generated by the Director of the Bunting Institute to the Board of Trustees of Radcliffe College (#229.19). Overlap exists with Series II, Subseries K due to the evolution of Lorentzen's position at the Institute. This subseries is organized alphabetically by folder title, and then chronologically.
Subseries K, Assistant to the director office files, 1978-2000 (#230.12-236.7), includes correspondence, articles, press releases, guest lists, forms, programs, biographies, invitations, budget reports, curricula vitae, reports, meeting minutes, proposals, notes, and questionnaires of the Assistant to the Director of the Bunting Institute. Assistants to the Director whose files are found in this subseries include: Rene Bryant (ca.1961-1966), Carol Weil Krems (ca.1978-1980), Kathryn Linhardt (ca.1981-1982), Linda Merrill (ca.1982), Barbara Hooley (ca.1984-1985), and Wendy Liebman (ca.1985-1991). Material in this subseries overlaps with that found throughout Series II, due to the support role the assistants played, and the small staff size of the Bunting Institute. Topics include the planning and organizing of regular Bunting Institute events including dinners, art exhibits, book parties, publication day events, and staff retreats. There is significant material on the Science Scholars at the Bunting Institute including conference and colloquia planning, reports, and selection committee materials. Also included are the 1986 drafts of the Women in Science questionnaire, which considered the impact of the Bunting Fellowship on the lives of former science scholars, determined whether some of the data reported on women in science are consistent with Bunting Scholars, and served as a model for a more general survey to all fellows (#235.12). Gerald Holton, principal investigator on Project Access, collaborated on the survey and overlap may exist with other similar files in Series II, Subseries H. Of special interest are a set of notecards of individual fellows from 1961 to 1974 which tracked their address, husband's name, and grant installments. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title and then chronologically.
Series III, ADVISORY COMMITTEE, 1960-1999 (#237.1-242.8, F+D.2), includes material generated by the Advisory Committee of the Bunting Institute. These records contain agendas, meeting minutes, correspondence, memoranda, and statistics on individual meetings of the Advisory Committee; reports on Bunting Institute programs; buildings and facilities; budget; and progress/development reports from the director or dean. In 1960 this group was formed as an Executive Committee by the Radcliffe Council for the newly formed Bunting Institute. In 1971 the Executive Committee was renamed the Advisory Committee to better reflect the responsibilities and relationships of the members to the Bunting Institute. The Committee was disbanded altogether in 1972, and didn't reconvene until 1974. Members were selected and appointed by the Radcliffe Council and were charged with the responsibility of determining policies, procedures, directions, and priorities for the Bunting Institute. Material from the Advisory Committee highlights its role to provide the director and staff of the Bunting Institute with information about international and national trends and developments relevant to the advancement of women scholars, researchers, and artists; to give advice on policies and practices; to promote the interests of the Bunting Institute among colleges, universities, foundations, corporations and individuals; and to provide financial support to the Bunting Institute and its programs. The Public Relations Coordinator and her office were responsible for many of the Bunting Institute events, including the colloquia presentations by the fellows, the "Conference on Changing Commitments of Educated Women," the Bunting Institute anniversaries galas, International Women's Day, art exhibitions, and African American History Month events. This series is arranged alphabetically by folder title and chronologically within.
Series IV, ADMINISTRATIVE, 1960-2008 (#243.1-253.6), includes staff meeting minutes, monthly reports, annual reports, memoranda, correspondence, and histories of the Bunting Institute generated by Bunting Institute staff. The histories and reports of the Bunting Institute provide an in-depth look at the creation of Mary Ingraham Bunting's original vision, and the continuation of the program after her death. Documents include minutes from the Radcliffe College Trustees meeting with President Bunting, during which they discussed the feasibility of an institute of independent study at Radcliffe College (#247.6-247.7). Correspondence includes letters from around the world responding to the announcement of the newly formed Bunting Institute (#246.7). The correspondence also contains letters from former Bunting fellows protesting the Bunting Institute giving the Schlesinger Library permanent use of the Constance Smith Colloquium Room in 1977 (#246.6). Monthly reports of Bunting Institute staff includes information about fellow and staff events, meetings hosted and attended, colloquia topics, brown bags, personnel changes, and the professional and academic activities of the director and assistant director. This subseries also documents the Bunting Institute's move from 3 James Street to Concord Avenue in 1987. Related records include building plans and memos regarding problems with parking, security issues, and the installation of an elevator. The material also contains a history of 34 Concord Avenue, which was built in 1896 by Arthur Gilman, founder of Radcliffe College, as a girls' school (#246.2). This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Series V, FINANCIAL, 1944-1999 (#254.1-276.9, FD.2, F+D.2), contains financial records generated by the Bunting Institute staff. These records include correspondence, memos, notes, ledgers, statements, proposals, and reports. Correspondence topics include the cultivation of relationships with donors, fundraising strategies, and the development of the Science Scholars program. This series also contains grant proposals and records related to the part-time graduate women program, which ran from 1968 to 1974. This series is arranged in two subseries.
Subseries A. General, 1960-1999 (#254.1-259.12, FD.2, F+D.2), includes correspondence, memos, notes, ledgers, statements, proposals, and reports. This subseries documents the financial operation of the Bunting Institute, such as tracking expenditures, the creation and approval of yearly budgets, and the planning and implementing of fundraising strategies. Correspondence includes letters that document the Bunting Institute's fundraising strategies for new fellowships and projects, as well as appeal letters demonstrating the Bunting Institute's growth and expansion. In order to enlarge the number of fellowships, and create an endowment, the Bunting Institute began the "A Program for Radcliffe College" capital campaign in 1968. Material related to the capital campaign highlights the Institute's attempt to diversify the geographic mix of the visual arts fellowship pool and to make the Bunting Institute fellowship stipend competitive with other programs scholars (#254.1). Overlap exists with materials in Series II and Series IV. This subseries is arranged alphabetically.
Subseries B. Grants and funding, 1944-1999 (#259.13-276.9), includes correspondence, reports, memos, notes, mailing lists, budgets, and forms. This subseries documents the foundations, funds, and private donors that supported the Bunting Institute and its programs. Topics of interest include internal fundraising campaigns for Radcliffe College and the Bunting Institute; proposals and reports of funded grants; and the creation and maintenance of fellowships. A bulk of the materials pertain to the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Science Scholar fellowship program. These include correspondence between the ONR and the Bunting Institute regarding site visits, selection, updates on fellows, and budgetary concerns as well as budgets and technical reports. Also of interest is material about a special Radcliffe fund administered by the Institute from 1968 to 1974. This fund awarded grants to fund part-time graduate women at Harvard University and includes students' applications and letters demonstrating their need and updates on their projects. Overlap exists with materials in Series II and Series VI. This subseries is arranged alphabetically.
Series VI, OTHER PROGRAMS, 1960-1997, n.d. (#277.1-319.5, 341FB.1v, F+D.3-F+D.4, E.2), includes correspondence, reports, memos, questionnaires, studies, papers, budgets, publications, and other records produced by the Research program, the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care, and the Distinguished International Visitor program. Although these three separate programs functioned within the auspices of the Bunting Institute, they all supported their own fellows or affiliates, and were expected to generate their own funding. The Research program existed from 1961 to 1977, and conducted surveys, studies, and other research related to women's educational and employment opportunities. The Radcliffe Programs in Health Care ran from 1973 to 1977, and received funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and the Office of Health Resources Opportunity to develop a fellowship for women in health care careers, as well as to study the professional opportunities for women in the health care industry. The Distinguished International Visitor program ran from 1988 to 1993, and provided women from Sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean the opportunity to use resources in the United States not available to them at home to further their research on issues concerning developing countries. This series is arranged in three subseries.
Subseries A. Research program, 1960-1985, n.d. (#277.1-298.5, F+D.3), includes reports, applications, questionnaires, notes, papers, correspondence, bibliographies, address lists, memos, budgets, invoices, grant proposals, letters of recommendation, curricula vitae, and printed material generated by the Director of the Research program Marion Kilson, Bunting Institute staff, and the research affiliates and grantees. The Research program was intended to complement the Bunting Institute fellowship, and supported not only in-house research on the fellows, but also topics of a wider interest, such as the role women could play in developing national family policies. Although some of the research projects were funded by outside agencies, the Bunting Institute was responsible for the administration of the grant money used by research grantees. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, male scholars began to be accepted as un-funded research affiliates, as long as their topic fell within the Bunting Institute's criteria for research on American women. Many of the studies conducted include papers and articles written using the related research, and some of the research proposals contain reviews from colleagues. Researcher reports list extracurricular professional activities of the Bunting Institute Research staff (#286.1). These records also contain material related to the short-lived Radcliffe Institute Research and Resource Center (#277.8-277.9).
The Research program conducted at least seven separate studies of the Bunting fellows, including several interviews and surveys of the first ten years of the fellowship program (#282.6, 297.11-298.1), a study of the Macy Fellows (#298.2-298.5), and a 1977 survey of the professional activities of former fellows. In 1962, Alice Ryerson and Anne Roe began a study of the Bunting Institute's first cohort of fellows, in order to examine the lives of married women working at the professional level. Most of these interviews were recorded on audiotape; this subseries contains transcriptions or notes produced from the interviews. The audiotapes have been cataloged separately in the Radcliffe College Archives sound recordings collection (RG XX Series 8-9). Each interview was roughly three hours long, and loosely structured around questions that encompassed the subject's childhood, formal education, and adult life. Questionnaires were also sent to 19 of the fellows' husbands, with the purpose of investigating the beliefs and personalities of the men these fellows had married, and the attitudes these men had towards working wives (#282.11-283.1). Transcripts and notes from these interviews are open for research if the subject is dead. Transcripts and notes for those interviewees still alive in 2015 have been closed for a period of 100 years after their birth date.
The data from the survey conducted in 1967 on Radcliffe alumnae and current undergraduates by Marjorie McIntosh was not only used in McIntosh's "Radcliffe women in medicine: an interim report" (#291.3), but also in Frances Potter Gamble's "Report on career patterns of Radcliffe medical women" (#287.1). This study intended to determine several aspects of professional women's lives, including how women chose a career; what kinds of women were attracted to a particular field; and what kinds of conformity and diversity were expected or possible within a given profession. These records also include reports based on the 1968 study by Jean Lipman-Blumen and Frances Potter on married graduate students at Harvard and Radcliffe (#286.10). Roughly 1900 questionnaires were sent out; 1600 to the wives of male graduate students and 300 to female graduate students. This large-scale study sought to examine the life plans, or educational and occupational aspirations, of married women during the late 1960s. These questionnaires surveyed early childhood histories, academic experiences, present family situations, personal values, and self-concepts. This subseries does not contain the actual questionnaires from Lipman-Blumen's study. The 1977 survey of former Bunting fellows also found in this subseries was used in Marion Kilson's After the Institute: Fellows' Accomplishments and Assessments (#288.1-288.2). The data from this survey was deposited into the Henry A. Murray Research Archive. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries B. Radcliffe Programs in Health Care, 1966-1978, n.d. (#298.6-314.2, 341FB.1v, F+D.4), includes reports, correspondence, questionnaires, contracts, curricula vitae, memos, minutes, and budgets generated by Jeannette Haase, Clyde Dodder, Grace Wyshak, Susan Storey Lyman, and other staff members. The Radcliffe Programs in Health Care was created in 1973 after the Bunting Institute received a two-year planning grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The Bunting Institute expected to develop a health seminar program, create an information exchange for women seeking career in health care careers, and build health care fellowships. Jeannette Haase served as director for the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care from 1973 to 1976, and was supported by a multi-disciplinary Advisory Council, which represented a broad spectrum of regional and national health concerns.
These records document the 10 health care research fellows hosted by the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care between 1974 and 1975 (#305.3-305.4). Each fellow pursued her own project within the health care industry. These projects, which included care of the elderly, adolescent alcoholism, and medical services to the black community, are described in the fellowship's final report (#305.3). Correspondence includes inquiries into the program, project proposals, requests for financial aid, and job placement assistance. Documents related to the study of women in the health care industry that was funded by the Office of Health Resources Opportunity describe the entire project, as well as the possible challenges related to working with the federal government (#309.2-309.5).
This subseries also includes material related to the study of the continuing education programs in health care management at 5000 colleges and universities conducted by the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the Harvard Office for Continuing Education (#305.1-305.2, 310.7). The Radcliffe Programs in Health Care received funding from the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare for this study, which developed into the National Clearinghouse on Continuing Education in the Health Care Industry. When the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care ended in 1977, the National Clearinghouse was transferred to the Harvard School of Public Health (#300.9). Material related to the "Handbook on Health Care Careers" that was produced by the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care staff (#306.2-306.3) can also be found here.
These records also document the New Ventures in Education project, created by the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care, which consisted of a special series of courses within the Radcliffe Seminars (#308.4). These courses were designed to be a part-time study program geared towards mid-career health professionals, potential health professionals, and health care consumers. Seminar topics included management of community-based human services, planning and supervising clinical education, contemporary issues in law and medicine, social work in health care, and death and grief. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Subseries C. Distinguished International Fellow program, 1975-1997 (#314.3-319.5, E.2), includes correspondence, curricula vitae, invitations, memos, financial records, recommendations, flyers, press releases, mailing lists, applications, reports, speeches, proposals, and notes. The Distinguished International Visitor program ran from 1988 to 1993. Originally planned as a three-year program, it was renewed for an additional two years. Five women were awarded the six-month fellowship: Mamphela Ramphele from South Africa (1988-1989); Eunice Okeke from Nigeria (1989-1990); Beverley Anderson-Manley from Jamaica (1990-1991); Almaza Eshete from Ethopia (1991-1992); and Letitia Obeng from Ghana (1992-1993). This subseries contains general administrative files, files on each Distinguished International Visitor, and material related to funding, much of it regarding the Carnegie Corporation. Topics of interest include the evolution of an international program at the Bunting Institute, the particular research interests of the international scholars, and the creation of the publication Women Transforming Societies: Sub-Saharan Africa and Caribbean Perspectives.
Correspondence is primarily between the Bunting Institute and the Distinguished International Visitor before, during, and after their fellowship. This includes materials that document the preparation of travel, housing, and childcare issues for the scholars as well as more personal notes after their return to their home countries. Biographical material, such as curricula vitae, and publicity can also be found within the correspondence. Documents related to the Rama Mehta lecture include guest lists and correspondence with the colloquia speakers, as well as copies of the visitor's lectures and some response papers from the colloquia. Carnegie Corporation files (#314.12-316.17) include proposals for the Distinguished International Visitor program, outreach and selection, and documentation of the publications. The correspondence also includes the 1987 proposal for the program, revised budgets, lecture evaluations, and comments on outreach.
The selection files include notes, rankings, tallies of subject specialty and comments on all proposals and formal assessments of all applicants; the final reports summarizing the fellowship year as well as providing a summary of the selection process for the upcoming year; outreach includes mailing lists, letters and brochures intended to gather nominations for the Distinguished Visitors as well as responses and nominations. Material related to Women Transforming Societies: Sub-Saharan Africa and Caribbean Perspectives includes dissemination lists, grants proposals for the project and their presentation of the publication in March 1994 at the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women.
Also of interest are the international program files (#317.6-317.13) that document the Bunting Institute's attempts to create an international fellowship program as well as establish a Rama Mehta fellowship for the Bunting Institute. Substantial work was created on a project called International Scholars on Women and Work (#317.9-317.10). It was conceived as an international, interdisciplinary program that would have brought together social scientists from different countries but was ultimately not funded. Overlap occurs with Series I, Subseries C, as fellows files exist for the Distinguished Visitors, and Series II, Subseries C, D, E, H, and G as the international programing proposals are also contained in the director's files. This subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder title and then chronologically.
Series VII, PUBLICITY, 1960-1999 (#319.6-322.7), includes material related to the general public promotion of the Bunting Institute and its programs. Clippings and press releases announce the Bunting Institute's founding, yearly fellow lists, events organized or sponsored by the Bunting Institute, and staffing changes. Clippings highlight Bunting Institute events, references to the Bunting Institute within the general context of women's issues during the 1960s through 1990s, and individual fellow accomplishments in relation to the Bunting Institute. Published material includes general information brochures, fellow application deadline announcements with previous year's list of fellows, funding appeals, and individual program descriptions for the Bunting Institute. A small amount of administration files on the planning and preparation of the Bunting Institute newsletter are also included in this series. The newsletters themselves were removed and cataloged separately. This series is arranged alphabetically by folder title and chronologically within.
Series VIII, EVENTS, 1962-2001 (#322.8-337.5, 341FB.2v-341FB.3v, 342F+B.1-342F+B.2v, OD.2, E.3), includes mostly material generated by the Bunting Institute public relations coordinator and event planning staff, including colloquia presentations by fellows; planning files for "Women: Resource for a Changing World" conference; "Conference on Changing Commitments of Educated Women"; Bunting Institute anniversaries; International Women's Day; "Collected Visions: Women Artists at the Bunting Institute, 1961-1986" art exhibition; African American History Month; and group and individual fellow art exhibitions organized by the Bunting Institute. Some events were specifically directed at the fellows, such as networking dinners or lunches with Harvard faculty, sherry hours, and Publications Day, while other events were open to the general public. Files can contain invitations, press releases, announcement flyers, planning files, correspondence, and attendee or invitee lists. Any material falling outside these item types is mentioned specifically in the folder descriptions within the inventory. A master file of fellow colloquium series flyers and schedules was kept by Bunting Institute staff. These files are housed together, followed by individual event files, listed chronologically. For more event files, see also director office files in Series II. This series is arranged chronologically, beginning with the colloquia flyers and schedules.
Series IX, PHOTOGRAPHS, 1961-1999, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.148), includes photographs and slides of Bunting fellows, fellowship events, and other images removed from throughout the collection. This series also includes group shots of various cohorts of fellows, as well as photographs and slides of the artwork created by the visual arts fellows. Of note are the slides from the Bunting Institute's 25th anniversary exhibition of former fellows, "Collected Visions: Women Artists at the Bunting Institute 1961-1986." This exhibition was held at the Boston Federal Reserve Bank. This series is arranged in the order of the series above.
Most of the photographs in this collection are or will be digitized and available online.
- 1960: Mary Ingraham Bunting becomes the fifth President of Radcliffe College
- 1960: Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study is announced as a five-year trial project with three major components: the core Fellowship program, the Research program, and the Guidance Laboratory
- 1960: The Carnegie Corporation and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund are the main outside funders of the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study
- 1960: Constance Smith is hired as the first Director of the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study
- 1961: The first 20 Bunting fellows of the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study program begin their part-time fellowships in July with temporary offices in Fay House
- 1961: Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study moves to 78 Mount Auburn Street
- 1963: Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study assumes financial and administrative responsibility for the Radcliffe Seminars Program, which was launched in 1950
- 1964: The Next Step: A Guide to Part-time Opportunities in the Greater Boston Area for the Educated Woman, which discussed career choices for women with families, is published by the Guidance Laboratory
- 1964: The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation funds a one-year Science Fellowship
- 1966: Constance Smith's title is changed from Director to Dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study
- 1966: The Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation contributes a $161,000 grant to support a special program for women physicians (1966-1970)
- 1966: The number of fellows rises to 40
- 1966: Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study changes its name to Radcliffe Institute
- 1966: The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation funds another one-year Science Fellowship
- 1967: Radcliffe Institute moves into the former Radcliffe College Library building at 3 James Street, sharing space with the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- 1967: The Charles E. Merrill Trust and Radcliffe Institute establish a pilot fellowship program open to women enrolled part-time in graduate degree programs at institutions in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island (1967-1972)
- 1967: Workshop in Adult Education Opportunities is held to follow up on the Guidance Laboratory 's The Next Step: A Guide to Part-time Opportunities in the Greater Boston Area for the Educated Woman
- 1968: Radcliffe Institute begins administering all Radcliffe College grants for women graduate students at Harvard
- 1970: After the death of Constance Smith, former Bunting fellow Alice Kimball Smith becomes the second Dean of Radcliffe Institute
- 1971: The Society of Institute Fellows is formed to advocate for the intellectual and personal development of former Bunting fellows
- 1972: Bunting fellows are granted privileges of Radcliffe College alumnae
- 1973: Susan Storey Lyman becomes the Acting Dean of Radcliffe Institute
- 1973: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funds a joint program with the Harvard School of Public Health for both research about and fellowships for women involved in health care professions (1973-1977)
- 1974: Former Bunting fellow Patricia Graham becomes the third Dean of the Radcliffe Institute
- 1974: The fellow selection process is made more rigorous by the addition of outside scholars to the Selection Committee
- 1975: Radcliffe Institute restructures its research programs into the Radcliffe Institute Research and Resource Center
- 1975: Radcliffe Institute and the Carnegie Corporation establish the non-tenured Faculty Fellowship (1975-1987)
- 1976: The Marian Cabot Putnam Fellowship is established to fund scholars in the field of child development (1976-1980s)
- 1977: The Radcliffe Seminars Program is split off from Radcliffe Institute into its own program at Radcliffe College
- 1977: The Radcliffe Institute Research and Resource Center becomes the Henry A. Murray Center for the Study of Lives
- 1977: Position of Radcliffe Institute Dean becomes Director
- 1977: Former Bunting fellow Marion Kilson becomes the fourth Director of Radcliffe Institute
- 1977: Radcliffe Institute fellowships become full-time appointments
- 1977: Lilly Endowment, Incorporated, funds the Research Associates grant program for female and male scholars undertaking research on American women (1977-1980)
- 1977: Fellows are no longer allowed automatic reappointments
- 1978: Radcliffe Institute is renamed the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute in honor of former Radcliffe College president Mary Bunting
- 1978: National Institute of Education funds the Independent Educational Studies Program for both female and male scholars (1978-1981)
- 1980: Mary Baughman Anderson becomes Acting Director of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute
- 1980: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and the Office of Naval Research establish the Science Scholars Fellowship program (1980-1998)
- 1981: Margaret McKenna becomes the fifth Director of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute
- 1982: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and the Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation establish fellowships in population and environmental studies (1982-1990s)
- 1983: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and Dr. Josephine Murray establish the Peace Fellowship (1983-1990s)
- 1983: The Berkshire Conference of Woman Historians creates the Berkshire Summer Fellowships (1983-1990s)
- 1985: Former Bunting fellow Elizabeth McKinsey becomes the sixth Director of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute
- 1986: In honor of the 25th anniversary of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, the "Collected Visions: Women Artists at the Bunting Institute 1961-1986" art exhibit, featuring work of 50 former fellows opens, at the Federal Reserve Bank in Boston
- 1987: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute moves to 34 Concord Avenue
- 1987: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and the Carnegie Corporation establish the Distinguished International Visitor Fellowship for women from developing countries studying issues such as education, science and technology, and employment (1987-1993)
- 1989: Former Bunting fellow Florence Ladd becomes the seventh Director of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute
- 1991: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and the National Institute of Mental Health establish the Children's Hospital - Radcliffe College Joint Fellowship on family violence
- 1992: Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute and Radcliffe College establish the Radcliffe Research Partnership program for Radcliffe undergraduates
- 1994: Radcliffe College and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund establish the Biomedical Research Fellowship
- 1994: Radcliffe College and the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute establish the Radcliffe Junior Faculty Fellowship for junior women faculty members at Harvard University
- 1997: Rita Brock becomes the eighth Director of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute
- 1999: Radcliffe College fully merges with Harvard University, and all operations become part of the newly renamed Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study
Mary Ingraham Bunting recruited Constance Smith, an Associate Professor of Government at Douglass College, to be the first director of the fellowship program. Smith's initial tasks were to establish criteria for a selection process, and to supervise the selection of the inaugural cohort of scholars at the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study. In 1966 the Radcliffe Institute dropped the "for Independent Study" in its name, and in 1978 it was renamed again in honor of Mary Bunting. The Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, usually referred to as the Bunting Institute, became the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study in 1999. Although the organization's name was changed multiple times throughout its history, for the sake of continuity, it will be referred to throughout this finding aid as the "Bunting Institute." In November 1960, Radcliffe College announced the opening of the Bunting Institute and its three major components: the core Fellowship program, the Research program, and the Guidance Laboratory. All three programs were intended to assist post-graduate women in different ways.
The Bunting Institute offered each fellow, regardless of fellowship type, a stipend, office space, access to typewriters or computers, photocopiers, studio space, laboratories, and other resources available through Radcliffe College and Harvard University. The Bunting fellows were expected to live within commuting distance of Cambridge in order to become part of a community of individuals that intermingled with each other, regardless of field of study. Each Bunting fellow was required to present her ongoing work to the rest of the fellows once during the fellowship year. These gatherings, called colloquia, were held weekly and every fellow was expected to attend. Although not strictly mandatory, the fellows were strongly urged to show support for each other by attending every session. After each talk the fellows would receive feedback from their peers. The colloquia were open to the public, and the Bunting fellows often invited guests from Harvard University and other institutions. The Bunting Institute also arranged a "Publications Day" for the fellows each year. This event featured panel discussions with publishers, literary agents, and editors, as well as the opportunity for the fellows to meet individually with the speakers.
On July 1, 1961, the first 20 Bunting fellows selected for one-year appointments began their fellowship year, and two additional fellows were added in the spring of 1962. In July of 1962, at the beginning of the next fellowship year, 16 of the original fellows were renewed for a second term, and were joined by 15 new applicants. The majority of these inaugural fellowships were part-time, and were categorized into separate groups: Associate Scholar, Affiliate Scholar, Full-time Scholar, and Resident Fellow. The Associate Scholars were generally married women who held advanced degrees or the equivalent in their field. They received a $3000 stipend for child care, household help, or transportation; additionally they could request research funds for special equipment, books, or other expenditures for their work. Affiliate Scholars were women who held advanced degrees, but required further coursework to qualify for advancement in their professions, such as medicine. This program also came with a stipend of $3000, and could be renewed for a second year. A very small number of women were accepted as Full-time Scholars; for these select few the maximum stipend was $7000. Occasionally, women who had achieved particular distinction in their field were nominated as a Resident Fellow, and could come to the Bunting Institute for varying periods of time for writing or research. By 1971, these sub-categories had been abandoned, and all participants were considered Bunting fellows. The Bunting Institute also offered an affiliates program, called first Visiting Research Scholars and later Bunting Affiliates, which offered office space when available and invitations to all events, but no stipend. This program began in the early 1960s, and continued through the 1990s.
After the success of the initial five-year trial program, other funding was secured by the Bunting Institute. These funding sources made it possible for the Institute to offer targeted fellowships, specifically the Women in Medicine Fellowship funded by Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation (1966-1970); the part-time graduate student fellowship funded by Charles E. Merrill Trust (1967-1972); the Non-tenured Faculty Fellowship funded by the Carnegie Corporation (1975-1987); the Marian Cabot Putnam Fellowship (1976-1980s), which funded scholars in the field of child development; the Science Scholars Fellowship funded by the Office of Naval Research (1980-1990s); the Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation Fellowship, which funded scholars in the fields of population and the environment (1982-1990s); the Peace Fellowship for individuals actively involved in finding peaceful solutions to conflict around the world (1983-1990s); the Berkshire Summer Fellowship which funded one woman to work on a history project during the summer (1983-1990s); and the Distinguished International Visitor Fellowship, also funded by the Carnegie Corporation (1987-1991).
Each Bunting fellow was chosen by a selection process, which evolved over the Bunting Institute's history. Throughout the 1960s, the Selection Committee was comprised of the Dean and her staff, who handpicked the applicants based on the applicant's qualifications and soundness of the proposed project. In 1974 scholars from outside of Harvard and Radcliffe were invited to join the Selection Committee for the first time, and by 1984 applications for Bunting Institute fellowships were formally evaluated using a three-step process. The selection process for a fellowship year began the year before, when invitations were sent to prospective readers and Final Selection Committee members. First readers were then sent five to twenty applications related to their respective specialized fields, and asked to evaluate whether the applicants should be considered for funding. The next stage of the selection process varied; during some years the Bunting Institute used second readers, while other years the Institute used selection panels. The selection panels and second readers performed the same function: evaluating the remaining applications and ranking the top applicants in each field. Selection panels were comprised of scholars grouped by fields of study. A Final Selection Committee, composed of faculty members and administrators from colleges and universities in the Boston area, was charged with selecting the next year's fellows from the winnowed group. The principal selection criteria were that the Bunting Institute fellowship would make a significant difference in the professional life of the candidate, and that the project was likely to make an important contribution to her field.
The Bunting Institute's Research program was underway by 1961. The Research program was staffed by Bunting Institute staff members, some of whom focused solely on research. Early efforts coordinated in-house research on the Bunting Institute itself, with studies of more general scope conducted by appointed Research Affiliates. Research projects included studies of the growing pool of working women, the influence of social and cultural forces on the lives of women, and the life patterns and expectations of women in higher education. The Guidance Laboratory was fully developed in 1962 under the direction of Martha White, who investigated practical solutions for women who wanted to re-enter the job market after marriage and children. In 1964 the Guidance Laboratory published The Next Step: A Guide to Part-time Opportunities in the Greater Boston Area for the Educated Woman, a booklet that described available resources, including vocational and educational training, and volunteer activities. After the publication of the booklet, the program did not continue formally, and in 1967, after a follow-up program to The Next Step entitled the "Workshop in Adult Education Opportunities," the Guidance Laboratory ceased to exist.
In 1963, Radcliffe College gave the Bunting Institute control of the Radcliffe Seminars program, an adult education program that had begun in 1950. The Seminars functioned autonomously, but participants were considered affiliated with the Bunting Institute. Alice Kimball Smith, who was Associate Director of the Bunting Institute, directed the Seminars program, but the Bunting fellows themselves had minimal involvement with the Radcliffe Seminars Program.
In 1966 the Bunting Institute began a project to fund part-time residencies for women physicians with a grant from the Macy Foundation. In 1973, this became a formal project, called the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care. It sought to develop, through multi-professional approaches, innovative ways to increase the quality and quantity of professional health care opportunities for women. Jeannette Haase served as director from 1973 to 1976, and was supported by a multidisciplinary Advisory Council, which represented a broad spectrum of regional and national health care concerns. The Radcliffe Programs in Health Care hosted 10 health care research fellows between 1974 and 1975, and assisted hundreds of other women through career counseling.
Constance Smith, who had served as Dean of the Bunting Institute from its start, died in 1970. Smith had been heavily involved with the Bunting fellows, most spoke and corresponded with her regularly, and her passing was acutely felt. The summer after Smith's death, a group of Bunting Institute staff and former fellows met in order to discuss how to continue the spirit of Smith's work within the Bunting Institute. As a result, the Society of Institute Fellows was formed to advocate for intellectual and personal development of Bunting fellows by providing a meeting place for former fellows, and to keep them informed about current affairs at the Bunting Institute. Considered a chapter of the Radcliffe College Alumnae Association, the Society of Institute Fellows published directories of former fellows, sponsored book parties for the Bunting fellows, and hosted the artwork of former fellows in the Bunting Institute gallery.
In 1971 Radcliffe College and Harvard University signed an agreement, often called the "non-merger merger," which partially integrated the academic and social lives of Radcliffe and Harvard students. Although Radcliffe relinquished control of its finances, as well as some of the administrative functions of the College to Harvard, Radcliffe retained control of the Bunting Institute, the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Seminars, and the Alumnae Office. Mary Ingraham Bunting resigned as Radcliffe College President in 1972. Bunting's replacement, Matina Horner, brought with her a new approach to and focus on research on current issues using the resources available at both the Bunting Institute and Harvard University.
Patricia Albjerg Graham became the new Dean of the Bunting Institute in 1974, and immediately began to implement changes that would significantly alter the course of the Bunting Institute, refocusing the program as a nationally-visible research center for women. Graham acted upon concerns that had been rising both within the Institute staff and former fellows. A study revealed that most women who were applying during this time were actually younger and were not using their time at the Bunting Institute to prepare for "re-entry" into their professions as had been intended at the program's outset. Many were applying to the Bunting Institute from full-time positions. The applicants mirrored the wider changes taking place in the professional world for women. During her first few months, Graham won approval for major changes in the programs. New initiatives included a focus on "aiding women moving from junior positions and from less prestigious institutions into positions of greater responsibility with higher education and professions." Graham also expanded the Selection Committee, changed the fellowships to full-time positions with higher stipends, and discouraged expectation of easy reappointments for a second fellowship year. The number of Bunting fellows diminished due to the increase in stipends for the full-time position, but Graham supplemented the number of fellows by inviting Guggenheim Fellows, National Endowment for the Humanities Fellows, and Ford Foundation Fellows to join the twelve Radcliffe-supported fellows in Cambridge.
In 1975, Radcliffe College President Matina Horner and Bunting Institute Dean Patricia Graham announced a new mandate for the Bunting Institute. Under the umbrella of the "Radcliffe Institute Research and Resource Center," three topics of research would be conducted to analyze the circumstances that influence women's lives. This research triangle, which was to concentrate on women and family, women and the economy, and patterns of adult development, was ultimately expected to result in policy changes that would reduce occupational sex-role stereotyping and allow women to participate in a broader spectrum of professional positions. Marion Kilson was hired in 1975 as the first director of the Research and Resource Center.
In 1977, Harvard University and Radcliffe College agreed to merge yet more departments within each institution, such as the admissions and financial offices. Radcliffe undergraduates were now considered to be fully integrated within Harvard University. As a result of these changes, the various programs under the umbrella of the Bunting Institute were either separated to form separate departments within Radcliffe, or disassembled completely: the Research and Resource Center became the Henry A. Murray Center for the Study of Lives; the Radcliffe Programs in Health Care ended; and the Radcliffe Seminars was also split to form its own department within Radcliffe College. The Harvard School of Public Health took control of the National Health Care Clearinghouse. Consequently, when Patricia Albjerg Graham stepped down as Dean of the Bunting Institute in 1977, her replacement, Marion Kilson, was named Director (not Dean) of the Bunting Institute.
During Marion Kilson's tenure, the Bunting Institute assumed responsibility for the Educational Research fellows program from the Schlesinger Library, as well as the administration of all grants to women and men undertaking research related to women's studies within Harvard University. The Bunting Institute, despite the many transitions, "continued to adhere to the philosophy of seizing opportunities to create flexible and significant professional possibilities for women." In 1978 Kilson authored After the Institute: Fellows' Accomplishments and Assessments. This report, which used data from a 1977 survey taken of former Bunting fellows, documented the achievements of the former fellows, and hoped to identify the emergent needs of professional women. In 1978 the Radcliffe Institute was renamed the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute in honor of its founder.
In 1985, Radcliffe College President Matina Horner announced that the Bunting Institute would move from 3 James Street to 34-36 Concord Avenue. The Institute still shared its space with the Schlesinger Library, and the building was no longer adequate to house both programs. Bunting Institute Director Margaret McKenna resigned her position in part due to this move, as she felt that the Fellowship program would lose part of its appeal if the Bunting Institute left the Radcliffe College campus. Many former fellows also voiced concern over the move away from Radcliffe Yard and Harvard Square.
In 1988, the Bunting Institute and Radcliffe College established the Distinguished International Visitor program, which was funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, to bring mid-career and senior women researchers and practitioners in Sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean to the United States. The program existed from 1988 to 1993, and supported five fellows working on issues of development, such as maternal and child health, education, employment, science and technology, and family life. The five international fellows were expected to work on a substantial project in her field, using resources not available in her home country, as well as give the Bunting Institute's annual Rama Mehta lecture.
On April 20th, 1999, Radcliffe College announced that it would fully merge with Harvard University and become the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. The formal agreement ensured that the interdisciplinary scholarship that was the hallmark of the Bunting Institute would continue into the future. The new Radcliffe Institute would also sustain a commitment to the study of women, gender, and society. During negotiations between the two institutions the issue of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any program or activity that receives federal financial assistance, was raised. As the Bunting Institute would not be exempt from Title IX legislation, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study decided to accept applications from men beginning with the 2001-2002 fellowship year.
The 1998-1999 fellows were the last cohort of Bunting Institute fellows.
For further reading see: Mary Ingraham Bunting: Her Two Lives by Elaine Yaffe, 2005; "The Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute of Radcliffe College Information and Resource List" (#247.1-247.2); "To Make a Full Contribution… the Design of the Radcliffe Institute," by Mary Ingraham Bunting, 1967 (#247.11); Radcliffe Institute, 1960-1971, by Alice Kimball Smith, 1972 (#247.10); "Weathering A 'Climate of Unexpectation:' Academic Women at the Bunting Institute in the 1960s and 1970s" by Linda Eisenmann, 1992 (#247.8); Mary Ingraham Bunting Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1960-1972 (RG II, Series 4).
- Series I. Fellows, 1960-2004, n.d. (#1.1-147.6, F+D.1, OD.1, 338OB.1-340OB.1)
- Series II. Institute Directors and Deans, 1933-2001 (#147.7-236.8, FD.1, SD.1, E.1)
- Series III. Advisory Committee, 1960-1999 (#237.1-242.8, F+D.2)
- Series IV. Administrative, 1960-2008, n.d. (#243.1-253.6)
- Series V. Financial, 1944-1999 (#254.1-276.9, FD.2, F+D.2)
- Series VI. Other programs, 1960-1997, n.d. (#277.1-319.5, 341FB.1v, F+D.3-F+D.4, E.2)
- Series VII. Publicity, 1960-1999 (#319.6-322.7)
- Series VIII. Events, 1962-2001 (#322.8-337.5, 341FB.2v-341FB.3v, 342F+B.1-342F+B.2v, OD.2, E.3)
- Series IX. Photographs, 1961-1999, n.d. (#PD.1-PD.148)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
By: Jane S. Knowles
Reprocessed and additional records added: May 2016
By: Stacey Flatt, Cat Lea Holbrook, Caitlin Jones, Rose Oliveira, with assistance from Dan Bullman.
- Account books
- African American women scholars
- African American women--Education
- Annual reports
- Architectural drawings
- Associations, institutions, etc.--United States
- Bunting Institute working paper
- Career development--United States
- College administrators
- College presidents--Massachusetts--Cambridge
- Color slides
- Contact sheets
- Continuing education--United States
- Discrimination in education
- Discrimination in employment
- Feminism and higher education--United States
- Feminists--United States
- Financial records
- Fund raising
- Independent study
- Lecture notes
- Longitudinal method
- Membership lists
- Minutes (administrative records)
- Press releases
- Radcliffe Institute working paper
- Scholarships--United States
- Sex discrimination in higher education--United States
- Universities and colleges--Administration
- Universities and colleges--Employees
- Universities and colleges--Finance
- Universities and colleges--Mergers
- Women artisans--United States
- Women artists--United States
- Women authors, American
- Women college administrators--United States
- Women college graduates
- Women educators--United States
- Women in higher education—United States
- Women in medicine
- Women in science--United States
- Women musicians--United States
- Women poets, American
- Women scholars--United States
- Women's colleges--Massachusetts--Cambridge
- Women's studies--United States
- Women--Education (Higher)--Massachusetts--Cambridge
- Women--Employment--United States
- Women--Social networks--United States
- Work and family--United States
- Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute. Records of the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, 1933-2008 (inclusive), 1960-1999 (bulk): A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Processing of this collection was made possible by gifts from the Class of 1956 Schlesinger Library Fund, the Zetlin Sisters Fund, and the Jane Rainie Opel '50 Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
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