Papers of Mary Stone Rousmaniere, 1817-1994 (inclusive), 1896-1922 (bulk)
- Majority of material found within 1896-1922
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
1.46 linear feet ((3+1/2 file boxes) plus 1 folio folder, 3 photograph folders)
Memorabilia and documents related to Mary's training as a Froebelian kindergarten teacher (#1.10-2.5, 4.1m-4.6m, FD.1) consist of four boxes of wooden blocks of geometric shapes, one box of parquetry blocks, and a set of primary colored pencils, the majority produced by the Milton Bradley Company; a booklet of Froebel drawings; three booklets, hand-made by Mary, containing examples of paper-folding exercises; two diaries of Mary's observations of kindergarten classes at the Joshua Bates School (Boston, Massachusetts), the Parsons School (Brookline, Massachusetts), and Ms. Joyce's and Ms. Seaver's kindergarten class on Brookline Avenue (Brookline) in 1904; a paper on Plato; and several booklets of needlework patterns, presumably related to Froebel's teachings. Friedrich Froebel established the first kindergarten in Germany in the 1830s and his teachings spread throughout Europe and the United States. His methods included twenty "gifts" consisting of a variety of objects used as learning tools, including two- and three-dimensional geometric shapes, rings, paper (for weaving and folding exercises), colored pencils and graph paper, peas, modeling clay, etc., which allowed children to employ their imagination and learn spatial relations and symmetry, as well as other concepts. This collection includes "gifts" two, three, four, five, seven, ten, thirteen, and eighteen. It is likely that Mary attended the institute established by Elizabeth Palmer Peabody in the late nineteenth century in Boston to train kindergarten teachers.
Photographs (#PD.1-PD.3) include images of John Easton Rousmaniere; Peter Wheelock's house in Roxbury, Massachusetts (presumably he and other family members are standing in the gateway); John Louis Rousmaniere and his wife, Fannie (Wheelock) Rousmaniere; Edmund Swett Rousmaniere and his wife, Sophie (Knight) Rousmaniere; Mary Stone Rousmaniere and her siblings, John E. Rousmaniere and Frances Rousmaniere Dewing at various stages of their lives; a boarding house in East Andover, New Hampshire, with a large group of people, including the Rousmaniere family; several photographs of the Rousmaniere family at their summer home at Bass Rocks in Gloucester, Massachusetts (ca.1890's), including images of the interior and surroundings; several photographs of a house identified only as "Grey Shingles"; and one photograph of the Rousmaniere siblings with friend, Jim Rorer, haying, presumably at a family home in Petersham, Massachusetts. Also, included is a small album created by Jim Rorer as a gift to the family after a visit in 1902, entitled A Visit to Petersham; images include the Rousmaniere family's main house and cottage, the surrounding countryside, a baseball game on the town green, and the Rousmaniere family and friends engaged in activities such as feeding chickens and haying. All of the photographs in this collection are or will be cataloged in VIA, Harvard University's Visual Information Access database.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Mary Stone Rousmaniere were given to the Schlesinger Library by her grand niece, Kate Rousmaniere, in 2002.
By: Mark Vassar
- Rousmaniere, Mary Stone, 1880-1956. Papers of Mary Stone Rousmaniere, 1817-1994 (inclusive), 1896-1922 (bulk): A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- EAD ID
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