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COLLECTION Identifier: SC 20

Papers of Margaret Harwood, 1891-1971


Lecture notebooks, autobiographical sketch, astronomical problems, and astronomy final exams created by Arthur Searle; also correspondence and course materials of Margaret Harwood, Radcliffe College Class of 1907.


  • 1891-1971

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Margaret Harwood as well as copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


.42 linear feet ((1 file box) plus 3 oversize folders)

This collection consists of the papers of Professor Arthur Searle (professor of Astronomy at Radcliffe 1895 and 1912) and includes lecture notebooks, an autobiographical sketch, astronomical problems and final exams in Astronomy. The papers of Margaret Harwood consist of correspondence and college material.

See also Harwood's pamphlet "Arthur Searle" in pamphlet file.


Margaret Harwood was educated in the Littleton and Concord schools and was graduated in 1907 from Radcliffe where she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. She worked as an assistant at Harvard College Observatory until 1912 when she went to Nantucket on a 4-year Astronomical Fellowship from the Maria Mitchell Association. She was appointed Director of the Observatory in 1916 when she received her M.A. degree from the University of California. She also taught at the Volkman School (Boston), the Buckingham School (Cambridge), and the Faulkner School (Dedham).

Harwood taught evening classes in navigation to adults and, during World War II, to members of the Navy Sea Bees in Nantucket. She also taught at M.I.T. during the war.

Harwood was secretary to her class at Radcliffe from 1905-1922. She was also active in civic projects.

Harwood was the only woman astronomer to have photographed three solar eclipses. She belonged to many astronomical societies, both here and abroad.

In 1957, following her retirement from the Maria Mitchell Observatory, Harwood was presented a Graduate Chapter Medal by Radcliffe College for distinguished achievement.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: R74-2, R75-23, R77-1, R79-27, R79-33, R80-7

The Margaret Harwood Collection has been created out of donations from a number of sources: Margaret Harwood gifts in July, 1974, and May, 1974; gift of Harvard University Archives, January, 1977; photographs of Margaret Harwood's classmates from the Alumanae Office, July, 1979, and college papers from the Schlesinger Library, the gift of Margaret Harwood's nephew, Peter Harwood, in September, 1979.(Also received from Martha Liller of Harvard College Observatory March 1980.)

Related Material:

There is related manuscript material at the Schlesinger Library: see Papers or Margaret Harwood, 1902-1974 (79-M62--80-M91).


  1. Box 1: 1-9, 13-16

Processing Information

Processed: October 1979

By: Isabelle Bland Dry '35

Harwood, Margaret, 1885-1979. Papers of Margaret Harwood, 1891-1971: A Finding Aid
Radcliffe College Archives, Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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