Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
5 linear feet ((5 cartons) plus 2 folio folders, 4 folio folders)
Personal papers form the bulk of the collection: the correspondence spans three generations and includes that of Dorothea May Moore's mother (Eliza Coe Brown Moore) with her parents (1880-1917), as well as letters between Dorothea May Moore and her family (1900-1946). In both cases the correspondence documents the important role the parents (particularly the fathers) played in the lives of their daughters and the parents' concern for the daughters' development-both worldly and spiritual. Family members traveled often and there is frequent description throughout the correspondence of their experiences abroad. There are diaries of Eliza Coe Brown Moore (1894-1959) and Dorothea May Moore (1904-1934); most entries are brief. Mother and daughter also kept detailed account books. Concert programs (1888-1942; see #35) chronicle Eliza Coe Brown Moore's appearances as a pianist. Photographs are almost exclusively of family and friends, although there are some taken by Dorothea May Moore on her trip to the Soviet Union in 1934.
The collection is divided into personal and professional papers. Family correspondence, diaries, and account books are followed by letters, receipts, and itineraries concerning Dorothea May Moore's travels in Asia and Europe. Professional papers consist of correspondence documenting Dorothea May Moore's medical appointments and research, student evaluations, articles by her, patient records, and research notes. Four folders (#144-147) contain correspondence, articles, clippings, etc., of Fe del Mundo, a former student of Dorothea May Moore who founded the Children's Medical Center, an institution devoted to the health of children and mothers, in the Philippines.
Student evaluations and patient records (#138-139, 151-154, 164-167) are temporarily CLOSED to research.
The papers of Arthur Burkhard are at Harvard University Archives and those of Edward Caldwell Moore are at Andover-Harvard Theological Library. The papers of Eliza Coe Brown Moore's parents, John Crosby Brown and Mary Elizabeth (Adams) Brown, are at the New-York Historical Society. The papers of Dorothea May Moore's aunt, Mary Magoun Brown, are at the Nursing Archive, Special Collections, Mugar Memorial Library, Boston University.
Dorothea May Moore attended the Gilman School in Cambridge and graduated from the Misses May's School in Boston in 1911. She earned an A.B. cum laude in history, economics, and politics from Bryn Mawr College in 1915. At the end of her sophomore year, she had first considered medical work as her focus. There was debate as to nursing training, but by her senior year, with her family's approval, the decision was clear, and Dorothea May Moore shifted her college course work towards preparation for medical school. This was continued by attending Radcliffe Graduate School (1915-1916) and taking graduate courses at Harvard Medical School (1916-1917). She spent 1917-1918 in France working as a bacteriologist and technician in an American Red Cross Hospital, and then attended Johns Hopkins Medical School, where she was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha and in 1922 received her M.D.
Described by her professors as intelligent, hard working, "wise and ambitious," she applied for an internship in the Children's Hospital of Boston but was turned down because of "a definite unwritten rule debarring women interns." Instead, after a competitive examination, she won an internship at Bellevue Hospital in New York in l922. The following year she worked for the obstetrical service of the New York State Department of Maternity, Infancy and Child Hygiene, traveling to clinics throughout the state. In 1925, having become the first female intern at the New York Nursery and Child's Hospital, Dorothea May Moore was stricken with diphtheria, and diphtheria cardiac complications followed; she spent a full year recuperating in France and traveling in Europe. Upon her return to the United States, she served briefly as an intern in the pediatrics service at University Hospital in Rochester, New York.
Declining an appointment as head of the Department of Health Education at Radcliffe College, Dorothea May Moore had intern and assistant residency appointments at New Haven Hospital while teaching at Yale Medical School (1928-1929), and a research and clinic appointment at Cornell Medical School (1929-1931). In 1934 she moved back to Cambridge, where she maintained a successful private practice for thirty years and participated in local organizations concerned with the care of children, including the Child Care Association, the Head Start program, and monthly well-child conferences held in communities in southern Massachusetts. Dorothea May Moore was also on the board of directors of the Cambridge Mental Health Association from 1955 to 1985.
Dorothea May Moore worked in the outpatient clinics of Children's Hospital (1934-1964), and taught at Harvard Medical School from 1937 to 1968, first as Assistant in Pediatrics and later as Associate in Medicine of the Child's Health Division. She was also pediatrician for the Preschool at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (1952-1960), on the staff of the Massachusetts Mental Retardation Project's Task Force for Prevention (1965-1966), and pediatrician for the Maternal-Infant Health Study of the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke (1966-1974).
The author of a number of articles on children's diseases, Dorothea May Moore also assisted Dr. Clement Smith in the preparation of The Children's Hospital of Boston: "Built Better than They Knew" (Boston: Little, Brown, 1983). She is a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, member of the New England Pediatric Society and the Massachusetts Medical Society, and from 1953 to 1969 served as trustee of Connecticut College.
Dorothea May Moore married Arthur Burkhard, scholar and professor of German arts and literature, in 1941. Arthur Burkhard died in 1983.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Dorothea May Moore were given to the Schlesinger Library by Dorothea May Moore in August 1974, May 1977, May 1980, July 1984, and August and November 1985.
- Notebooks of Dorothea May Moore re: histology and embryology with Dr. Frederic Lewis and Dr. J.L. Bremer, 1916-1917.
- Clippings, programs, pamphlets, etc., re: Grover Powers, Edwin Cohn, Kenneth Blackfan, Sidney Farber, Charles Janeway, et al.; also photographs and reprints.
- Japanese poster; printed sheet re: Daibutsu temple.
- 1 silver certificate.
- Journal of Louisa Walter Bishop Hughes, 1858-1871.
- ABB Arthur Burkhard (Dorothea May Moore's husband)
- ECBM Eliza Coe (Brown) Moore (Dorothea May Moore's mother)
- ECM Edward Caldwell Moore (Dorothea May Moore's father)
- ERM Elizabeth Ripley Moore (Dorothea May Moore's sister)
- JCB John Crosby Brown (Dorothea May Moore's maternal grandfather)
- JCBM John Crosby Brown Moore (Dorothea May Moore's brother)
- MEAB Mary Elizabeth (Adams) Brown (Dorothea May Moore's maternal grandmother)
- MMB Mary Magoun Brown ("May," Dorothea May Moore's aunt)
- Carton 1: 1-25
- Carton 2: 26-53
- Carton 3: 54-82
- Carton 4: 83-106
- Carton 5: 107-168
By: Anne Engelhart, Camilia Wankaner
- Brothers and sisters
- Cambridge (Mass.)--Social life and customs
- Child care
- Children--Health and hygiene
- China--Description and travel
- College students
- Europe--Description and travel
- Family records
- Fathers and daughters
- Finance, Personal
- France--Description and travel
- Harvard Medical School
- Harvard University. Graduate School of Education
- India--Description and travel
- Italy--Description and travel
- Maternal and infant welfare
- Medical students
- Mental retardation
- Mothers and daughters
- Nursery schools
- Philippines--Social conditions
- Providence (R.I.)--Social life and customs
- Religion--History--19th century
- Religious education of children
- School children.
- Soviet Union--Description and travel
- Spain--History--Civil War, 1936-1939
- Spouses of clergy
- Teachers' spouses
- Voyages and travels
- Women in science--United States
- Women musicians
- Women physicians
- World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives
- World War, 1914-1918--War work--Red Cross
- Moore, Dorothea May, 1894-1995. Papers of Dorothea May Moore, 1864-1982: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- EAD ID
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