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COLLECTION Identifier: 91-M62

Collection of Mary Gardner Marshall, 1795-1957

Correspondence, photographs, genealogical material, etc., of the Hammond, Gorham, and Brannan families collected by Mary Gardner Marshall.


  • 1795-1957

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright held by the donors has been transferred to Radcliffe College for the Schlesinger Library.

Copying. Unrestricted.


1.21 linear feet ((1 carton, 1/2 file box), plus 1 folio folder, 1 folio+ folder, 10 folders and 3 volumes of photographs)

The papers consist mainly of correspondence among family members but also include photographs; legal, financial, and genealogical documents; and such miscellaneous items as a wedding book, a diary, and a commonplace book. Of particular interest for social history are the courtship correspondence between Julia Gorham Brannan and Joseph Doddridge Brannan and between Elsa Brannan Hemenway and Courtenay Hemenway, letters between parents and children (especially between mothers and daughters), descriptions of travel and summer holidays, and Joseph Doddridge Brannan's letters to his wife after their marriage, in which he discourses on her good qualities, her shortcomings, and the duties and qualifications of a wife.

The arrangement of the papers is largely that of Caroline Bain, who put the collection in order before donating it.


These papers document members of the Brannan, Doddridge, and Hemenway families. Elizabeth Hammond Gorham (1822-1910) was born in Boston, the daughter of Daniel and Sally (Stoddard) Hammond. She married Francis Gorham in 1845 and lived in Boston and Cambridge, where her only child, Julia Gardiner Gorham (1848-1925), attended Berkeley Street School.

In 1875 Julia Gardiner Gorham married Joseph Doddridge Brannan (called Dodd; 1848-1930; AB Harvard 1869, LLD 1872) of Cincinnati, Ohio. Except for summer 1883 to summer 1885, when she lived in Europe with Julia Gorham Brannan and the Brannan children, Elizabeth Hammond Gorham lived with the Brannans in Cincinnati from the time of their marriage until 1898, when Joseph Doddridge Brannan returned to Harvard as Bussey Professor of Law. The family thereafter lived at 3 Berkeley street in Cambridge. The Brannans had two children: Frank Doddridge (1876-1955; AB Harvard 1899), and Elizabeth ("Elsa," 1882-1970), who attended Berkeley Street School, studied music, participated in the Vincent Club (Boston), in 1912 married Courtenay Hemenway, a teacher at Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, and later gave piano recitals.

Elizabeth Hammond Gorham built Rockledge, the house in Biddeford Pool, in 1885; the family had stayed in hotels and boarding houses there beginning in 1873 or earlier. Much of the correspondence in this collection is between family members there and those elsewhere.

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession number: 91-M62

These papers, which were inherited and kept by Mary Gardner Marshall (AB Radcliffe 1925), were given to the Schlesinger Library by Caroline Bain and Sherwood Bain, who bought the house in Biddeford Pool, Maine, in which the papers were kept, in April 1991.


  1. Carton 1: 1-51v
  2. Box 2: 52-76

Processing Information

Preliminary inventory: May 1991

By: Eva Moseley Doreen Drury
Link to catalog
Marshall, Mary Gardner. Collection of Mary Gardner Marshall, 1795-1957: A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future.

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