Papers of Caroline Lexow Babcock and Olive E. Hurlburt, 1906-1961
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
2.92 linear feet (7 file boxes)
A large part of this collection deals specifically with the controversy within the National Woman's Party between 1938 and 1946, which culminated in the lawsuit of 1947. The controversy was caused by an ideological split between Alice Paul, Anita Pollitzer, and their supporters ("conservative group") and a dissenting faction which included Babcock, Laura Berrien, Doris Stevens, Anna Wiley, Gertrude Crocker, Dorothy Granger, Alma Lutz and Olive Hurlburt ("action group" or "constitutionalist group").
Under Alice Paul's leadership, the "conservative group" favored an international scope for the campaign for equal rights and funneled funds from the National Woman's Party treasury into the World Woman's Party. The "action group" considered a concerted national drive for the passage of the ERA to be the proper concern of the National Woman's Party and deplored the siphoning off of support at home for campaign purposes abroad.
The papers about the split were collected by Babcock in her capacity an Executive Secretary of the National Woman's Party (1938-1946). They include correspondence and other materials on the controversial Convention by Mailoof 1945, the National Council meetings of September and October 1945, the two National Conventions sponsored by the two opposing factions in January 1947, and the subsequent lawsuit.
The papers of Olive E. Hurlburt document her work with the Michigan branch of the party from 1936 to 1947.
Also received with collection miscellaneous published material re equal rights and birth control, removed to subject file; publications of the Women's Bureau, catalogued separately.
Olive E. Hurlburt worked with the Michigan branch of the National Woman’s Party, 1936-1947.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Caroline Lexow Babcock and Olive E. Hurlburt were deposited with the Schlesinger Library in March and July 1961 and November 1962 by Caroline Lexow Babcock.
- Box 1: 1-12
- Box 2: 13-30
- Box 3: 31-45
- Box 4: 46-70
- Box 5: 71-89
- Box 6: 90-103
- Box 7: 104-117
By: Joellen Wlodkowski
- Babcock, Caroline L. (Caroline Lexow), 1882-1980. Papers of Caroline Lexow Babcock and Olive E. Hurlburt, 1906-1961: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- EAD ID
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