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COLLECTION Identifier: A-37

Papers of Frieda S. Miller, 1909-1973 (inclusive), 1929-1967 (bulk)

Correspondence, speeches, photographs, etc., of Frieda Segelke Miller, labor administrator and official.

Dates

  • 1909-1973
  • Majority of material found within 1929-1967

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by Frieda S. Miller is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.

Extent

6.26 linear feet ((15 file boxes) plus 13 folders of photographs, 1 folio+ folder)

The Frieda S. Miller collection consists of eight series, each chronologically arranged except where noted. There are some papers from Miller's early life, but most of the collection covers the period 1929-1967.

Series I, Personal, contains biographical information, school notes, and correspondence with family and friends. This material provides only a sketchy source of information about Miller's personal life.

Series II, New York State Department of Labor: A. Director, Division of Women in Industry and Minimum Wage, is a short subseries containing reports and correspondence collected during Miller's first job at the New York State Department of Labor. The material provides some insight into Miller's activities but in general lacks substantive information about her nine years in this position. B. Industrial Commissioner, is an extensive collection of reports, committee papers, and correspondence. Letters and petitions written in support of Miller's nomination to the position suggest her appointment may have been controversial.

Series III, Assistant to United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, record Miller's eighteen months as special assistant for labor during World War II. It is the largest series of the collection and contains a complete file of reports, with a card file index, and a lengthy correspondence file. Series IV, Women's Bureau, documents Miller's nine years as director and contains an extensive correspondence file, numerous reports, conference and committee records, and official statements to Congress.

Series V, International Labor Organization, is a fairly complete record of Miller's long involvement with the ILO. Committee papers describe Miller's role as a United States government-appointed delegate during the 1930s and 1940s. There are preliminary notes and final reports for later Asian and Middle Eastern labor surveys for the ILO, and a brief correspondence file.

Series VI, International Union of Child Welfare representative to the United Nations, is especially notable for the extensive correspondence between Miller and officials at the IUCW. There is some information on IUCW and UNICEF meetings, but this does not seem to be complete. A short subject file provides some indication of Miller's activities at the United Nations.

Series VII, Professional, describes Miller's diverse activities and affiliations with various organizations, including her longtime participation with the International Alliance of Women. The correspondence file sheds further light on her many interests and professional contacts, and the large collection of speeches, radio speeches, and articles by Miller is especially valuable. The clippings document her contributions to women and labor and suggest the extensive coverage her many endeavors received.

Series VIII, Photographs, includes portraits of Miller, pictures taken at work or on trips, and several unidentified photos. Few of the pictures are captioned or described.

BIOGRAPHY

Frieda Segelke Miller, labor administrator and official, was born at La Crosse, Wisconsin, on April 16, 1889. Her parents, James Gordon, a lawyer, and Erna Segelke, died when Miller was small, leaving Frieda and her younger sister Elsie to be reared by their grandmother, Augusta (Mrs. Charles) Segelke of La Crosse. Miller received her BA from Milwaukee-Downer College (later Lawrence University), Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1911; she then spent four years doing graduate work in economics, sociology, political science, and law at the University of Chicago, but did not complete a degree.

Miller spent the next several years at a variety of jobs, including secretary to the Philadelphia branch of the Women's Trade Union League (1918-1923) where she met her lifelong friend Pauline Newman. In 1929 Frances Perkins appointed Miller director of the Division of Women in Industry and Minimum Wage at the New York State Department of Labor; she was instrumental in the passage of New York's Minimum Wage Law for Women and Minors in 1933. In 1938 Governor Herbert Lehman appointed Miller Industrial Commissioner of New York, a post she held until 1943 when she left to become special assistant for labor to John C. Winant, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom.

Late in 1944 Miller became director of the Women's Bureau of the United States Department of Labor. Her major responsibility was the reintegration of women into the economy after their displacement by veterans returning to their pre-war jobs. She conducted studies to examine labor laws and vocational improvements in the conditions of women in the labor force. A Roosevelt appointee, Miller left the Women's Bureau in 1953 at the request of President Eisenhower.

During the 1950s and 1960s Miller focused on international labor issues. As early as 1936 she had begun representing the United States at International Labor Organization conferences; after leaving the Women's Bureau she went to work full-time for the ILO and conducted several major surveys in Asia and the Middle East of working conditions and opportunities for women and children. For a short period (1957-1958) she also represented the International Alliance of Women at the United Nations.

In the early 1960s Miller became United Nations representative for the European organization the International Union for Child welfare, conducting an International Child Welfare Survey (#227) and participating in various UNICEF projects. She left the United Nations in 1967 at the age of 78.

During her long professional life Miller was affiliated with a number of other organizations concerned with women's role in the economy, including the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, the International Council of Women, the Women's Trade Union League, and the International Ladies Garment Worker's Union. She was much in demand both as a speaker and a writer and maintained an international reputation in her field. Her contributions to women and labor were recognized in 1940 when she was awarded an honorary doctorate of humane letters by Russell Sage College.

Miller never married, but in 1923 while in Germany she adopted a daughter, Elisabeth. For most of her life she lived in New York, maintaining a summer home in Connecticut and later one in Pennsylvania; she spent the last four years of her life in a New York City nursing home where she died on July 21, 1973.

SUMMARY OF INVENTORY

  1. Series I. PERSONAL, 1909-1967. 1-13.
  2. Series II. NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, 1929-1943. 14-40.
  3. Series III. ASSISTANT TO UNITED STATES AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED KINGDOM, 1943-1944. 41-128.
  4. Series IV. WOMEN'S BUREAU, 1944-1953. 129-169.
  5. Series V. INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION, 1936-1967. 170-219.
  6. Series VI. INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CHILD WELFARE REPRESENTATIVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS, 1958-1968. 220-243.
  7. Series VII. PROFESSIONAL, 1924-1976. 244-290.
  8. Series VIII. PHOTOGRAPHS, 1938-1965, n.d. 291-303.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: 55-60, 57-116, 58-72, 917, 1200, 1638, 69-3, 70-19, 70-69, 70-90, 71-5, 71-36, 71-84, 71-98, 72-61, 73-68, 74-179, 75-86, 75-285, 76-293, 77-M170, 78-M35, 78-M109, 78-M214

The papers of Frieda S. Miller were given to the Schlesinger Library by Frieda S. Miller and Pauline Newman between 1955 and 1978. They were processed under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (RC-24669-76-987).

Related Material:

There is related material at the Schlesinger Library; see Additional papers of Frieda S. Miller, 1948-1963 (MC 881); Papers of Pauline Newman, 1900-1980 (MC 324); Additional papers of Pauline Newman, 1926-1982 (83-M191--83-M198); and Papers of Elisabeth Burger, 1880-2013 (inclusive), 1940-2000 (bulk) (MC 868).

CONTAINER LIST

  1. Box 1: Folders 1-13
  2. Box 2: Folders 14-33
  3. Box 3: Folders 34-68
  4. Box 4: Folders 69-85
  5. Box 5: Folders 86-128
  6. Box 6: Folders 129-141
  7. Box 7: Folders 142-166
  8. Box 8: Folders 167-184
  9. Box 9: Folders 185-199
  10. Box 10: Folders 200-219
  11. Box 11: Folders 220-237
  12. Box 12: Folders 238-253
  13. Box 13: Folders 254-270
  14. Box 14: Folders 271-279
  15. Box 15: Folders 280-303
  16. Folio+ Box 1: Folders 304f+
INDEX OF SELECTED CORRESPONDENTS
  1. Abbott, Grace 17
  2. Acheson, Dean 153, 156, 178, 179
  3. Ackroyd, Margaret 136, 167
  4. Adelman, Rose 34
  5. Allen, Mrs. Grosvenor 6, 259
  6. American Association of University Women 137, 167
  7. American Federation of Labor 142
  8. Ames, K. Elizabeth 167
  9. Amidon, Beulah 256
  10. Anderson, Constance W. 167
  11. Anderson, Eleanor 144, 167
  12. Andrews, Elmer F. 21, 173
  13. Armstrong, George Alexander 90, 95
  14. Astor, Lady 91
  15. Astor, Lord 91
  16. Backer, Dorothy Schiff 34
  17. Bagwell, May 131
  18. Balboa, Fernanda S. 257
  19. Barbey, Grace Holmes 238
  20. Barnes, Betty, 145
  21. Barrett, Ruth 257
  22. Baymouth, Edna 199
  23. Beidler, Peter 257
  24. Beirne, Joseph A. 136
  25. Belt, Grace 256
  26. Benson, Dorothy 234
  27. Beyer, Clara 92
  28. Beyer, Sylva 6, 13, 165, 212, 213, 217, 259
  29. Blanchard, Helen 34,145
  30. Bloodworth, Bess 32, 128, 153, 167
  31. Boettcher, Lucile Eaton 257
  32. Bompas, Katherine 248
  33. Bondfield, Margaret G. 93, 258
  34. Bowen, Esther R. 145
  35. Bowles, Newton 235
  36. Boyd, Gladys 250
  37. Bragdon, Helen D. 167
  38. Brandeis, Louis 256
  39. Breckinridge, Sophonisba 1
  40. Brennan, John J. B. 88
  41. Briggs, Lucia R. 256
  42. Britton, Lydia 141
  43. Brockway, Richard C. 84, 85, 86
  44. Brown, Charlotte 249
  45. Brown, Jeanetta Welch 152
  46. Bruere, Jane 257
  47. Bryant, Mary 265
  48. Buchanan, Lucille 8, 28, 33, 84
  49. Bunche, Ralph J. 250
  50. Burlingham, Charles C. 33, 84
  51. Burton, Margaret 144
  52. Bush, Amy 240, 248
  53. Byrnes, James F. 129, 177, 178
  54. Canada. Department of Labor. Women's Bureau 248
  55. Cannon, Mary M. 135, 152, 195
  56. Corey, James B. 167
  57. Carrie Chapman Catt Memorial Fund 248, 249, 257
  58. Casinader, Laurel 248
  59. Chamberlain, Joseph P. 88
  60. Chambers, Christina 259
  61. Cheyney, Alice 88,213
  62. Christensen, Ethlyn 253
  63. Christianson, Tris 167
  64. Christman, Elisabeth 87, 140, 152, 212
  65. Clark, Jane Perry 34
  66. Clayton, W. L. 176
  67. Cohn, Fannia 34
  68. Collins, Elizabeth S. 235
  69. Cook, Cara 34
  70. Corsi, Edward 152
  71. Cox, Eileen 248
  72. Craft, Katherine Woodruff 152
  73. Craig, Marjorie 234
  74. Cripps, Isobel 97
  75. Davis, J. R. 152
  76. Dingman, Mary 173
  77. Dju Yu Bao 259
  78. Dodd, Alvin E. 88
  79. Douglas, William O. 257
  80. Doyle, Frances A. 6, 238, 248, 249
  81. Dreier, Mary Elisabeth 34, 37, 173
  82. Drew, Jane B. 98
  83. Dubinsky, David 131, 257
  84. Dunnigan, John J. 34
  85. Earle, Genevieve B. 88
  86. Edwards, India 152
  87. Eisenhower, Dwight D. 129
  88. Electrical Association for Women 32, 104, 154, 161, 167
  89. Elliot, Katherine 6, 56, 94, 164
  90. Engel, Katherine 167
  91. Engelman, Bessie 34
  92. Fairchild, Mildred 208
  93. Ferrell, Eleanor J. 257
  94. Finch, Diane 248
  95. Fisher, Raymond M. 88
  96. Fitzgerald, Albert J. 131
  97. Frank, Walter 34, 173, 213
  98. Frankfurter, Felix 32
  99. Freeman, Kathleen 237
  100. Funayama, T. 195
  101. Gamble, Alma F. 256
  102. Gane, E. Marguerite 6
  103. Gaze, Floirie 88
  104. Gerin, Bernard 238
  105. Gerry, Louise C. 34
  106. Gibson, Henrietta 144
  107. Givens, Meredith B. 152
  108. Godley, Margaret C. 6
  109. Goff, Mary 34
  110. Goldmark, Josephine 17, 32, 259
  111. Gonzales, Elena Mederos de 231, 234, 235, 237, 238
  112. Goodman, Rosalie L. 152
  113. Goodrich, Carter 84, 86, 176, 212
  114. Gordon, Dorothy 152
  115. Graff, Ester 248, 249
  116. Green, William 142
  117. Greenberg, Leonard 101
  118. Guareschi, Nino 152
  119. Gugenheimer, Ida 34
  120. Guthrie, Anne 248
  121. Guy, Ray L. 152
  122. Hadley, Frances W. 256
  123. Hage, Petronella M. 213, 214
  124. Hall, Helen 259
  125. Halsey, Elizabeth T. 249
  126. Hamilton, Leland P. 17
  127. Hamilton, Mary Agnes 102
  128. Hardin, Clara A. 141
  129. Harper, Lois M. 253
  130. Harriman, Henry I. 212
  131. Harrison, Marvin C. 167
  132. Hartley, Harold 103
  133. Haslett, Caroline 6, 32, 104, 54, 161, 167
  134. Hebert, Dean 6
  135. Hemming, Lucile W. 248
  136. Henly, Joseph 34
  137. Herlands, William B. 22
  138. Herrick, Elinore M. 34
  139. Hessergren, Kerstin 152, 257
  140. Hillman, Sidney 27
  141. Hilton, Eunice 152
  142. Hilton, Mary 6
  143. Hinder, Eleanor M. 62, 214, 259, 262
  144. Hines, Lewis G. 142
  145. Hobart, Harrison C. 167
  146. Homberger, A. 238
  147. Hottel, Althea 167
  148. Houwer, Dan Mulock 231, 237, 239
  149. Howard, Hubert 250
  150. Howell-Everson, N.A. 126
  151. Huggard, Frances 257
  152. Humphrey, John 234
  153. Hurley, Delia A. 256
  154. Ichikanita, Fusaye 257
  155. Ingledew, Margaret 248
  156. International Alliance of Women 240, 246, 247, 248, 249
  157. International Confederation of Free Trade Unions 260
  158. International Cooperation Year Citizen's Committee on Women 230
  159. International Council of Women 251
  160. International Labor Organization 32, 62, 85, 86, 88, 152, 165, 170-219
  161. International Ladies Garment Workers' Union 85, 131, 141, 152, 257
  162. International Union of Child Welfare 220-243
  163. International Women's News 248
  164. Irwin, Helen G. 167
  165. Jeffrey, Mildred 131
  166. Jenks, C. Wilfred 208
  167. Johnson, Ethel M. 32, 88, 154, 157, 213
  168. Johnstone, J. E. Ainsworth 152, 202, 212, 235
  169. Junge, Clara Williams de 23
  170. Keller, Helen 32
  171. Keller, Libby 167
  172. Keller, Paul 256
  173. Kenyon, Dorothy 22, 33, 34, 84
  174. Keyserling, Mary Dublin 266
  175. King, Constance M. 160
  176. Kishimoto, C. 195
  177. Kohn, Lucile 34
  178. Kramer, Victor 257
  179. Kyrk, Hazel 128, 259
  180. La Guardia, Fiorello H. 22
  181. Lageman, Anna 246, 249
  182. Lane, Robert P. 88, 245
  183. Larrabbee, Anne 152, 165, 256
  184. Lawson, Edward 248
  185. Leach, Agnes 257
  186. Leach, Mary 144, 145
  187. Lee, Dorothy 234
  188. Lehman, Anna 248
  189. Lehman, Herbert H. 22, 32, 33, 34, 85, 152, 215, 261
  190. Leiboff, Sonia 34
  191. Lenroot, Katherine F. 98, 238, 239
  192. Leslie, Mabel 34, 167
  193. Lewer, Bertha Boon 152
  194. Ludden, Elsie Wolfe 167
  195. Lutz, Gertrude 235
  196. MacDonald. Dorothy A. 152
  197. Marconnier, Emily Sims 27, 107, 167
  198. Marquardt, August W. 88
  199. Martin, Marion E. 167
  200. Matyas, Jennie 152
  201. Maxson, R.F. 152
  202. Mayo, Leonard W. 34, 237, 238, 239
  203. Mazumdar, Shudha 10
  204. McClellan, D. 152
  205. McConnell, Dorothy 141
  206. McGarry, John E. 88
  207. McLoughlin, Kathleen 84
  208. McVoy, Edgar C. 212
  209. Meyer, Max 88
  210. Midkiff, Constance 145
  211. Mitchell, Vilma 144
  212. Moore, Louise 167
  213. Moriarty, Mary S. 141
  214. Morse, David A. 6, 129, 208, 212
  215. Moser, Audrey E. 234, 235, 237, 238, 239
  216. Moskovit, Harold R. 257
  217. Moston, Henry E. 212
  218. Murphy, Michael J. 21, 24, 32, 84, 88
  219. Nagler, Isadore 112
  220. National Association of Business and Professional Women's Clubs 152, 167
  221. National Committee on Household Employment 253
  222. National Institute of Houseworkers Ltd. 160, 166
  223. National Women's Trade Union League of America 87, 152
  224. Neal, Eleanor 249
  225. Nettlefold, L.F. 162
  226. Nettleton, Marjorie 152
  227. New York School of Social Work 212, 259
  228. New York State Committee on Discrimination in Employment 28
  229. Newell, Mrs. Duncan H. 145
  230. Newman, Pauline 15, 23, 24, 128,135, 141, 152, 153, 202, 264
  231. Newman, Sarah H. 257
  232. Nishi, K. 195
  233. Noskin, Fannie 34
  234. Ogawa, T. 195
  235. Orrs, Rose 34
  236. Papert, Kate 167
  237. Park, Eleanor 152
  238. Patterson, William F. 84
  239. Paul, Sidney 257
  240. Perkins, Frances 8, 18, 117, 129, 152, 153, 173
  241. Peterson, Esther 260
  242. Peurifoy, John E. 250
  243. Pickett, Clarence E. 13
  244. Plunkett, Margaret 167
  245. Poletti, Charles 20, 32, 33, 86
  246. Polier, Justine Wise 34
  247. Powell, Hyman J. 142
  248. Preisler, Doris 152
  249. Ralph, Georgia G. 259
  250. Raphael, Chaim 84, 87
  251. Reading, Lady 119
  252. Reed, Philip D. 120
  253. Reuther, Walter 257
  254. Reid, Joseph H. 234
  255. Rice, Charles 129
  256. Rich, Ruby 262
  257. Reigelman, Carol 122, 212
  258. Rippey, Sarah C. 256
  259. Robertson, Violet J. 262
  260. Rockefeller, David 23
  261. Rodgers, Helen Z. M. 34
  262. Rogers, Irene 160
  263. Rogers, Lindsay 214, 216
  264. Roosevelt, Curtis 233, 237
  265. Roosevelt, Eleanor 87, 257, 263
  266. Roosevelt, Franklin Delano jr. 267
  267. Rosenberg, Anna M. 88
  268. Roth, Anna 152
  269. Royce, Marion V. 248
  270. Rusk, Howard A. 234
  271. Russell Sage College 181
  272. Sater, Helen B. 131, 136
  273. Schafer, Isabel H. 129, 153
  274. Schneiderman, Rose 21
  275. Schreiber, Marc 233, 248
  276. Schusterman, Rose 167
  277. Schwartz, Robert J. 257
  278. Schwellenbach, L. B. 129, 133, 176, 177, 179, 181
  279. Seitz, Peter 6
  280. Shaw, G. Howland 156
  281. Shientag, Bernard L. 32
  282. Sichrova, Elizabeth 6, 123, 152
  283. Seider, Violet 212
  284. Silberstein, Howard E. 21
  285. Smalley, Jean T. C. 202, 212
  286. Smieton, Mary 257
  287. Smith, Mary H. 137
  288. Smith, Viola 214, 217
  289. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College Library 248
  290. Southall, Sara 152
  291. Sparkman, John J. 153
  292. Spivack, Edith I. 34
  293. Springer, Maida 152
  294. Staley, Eugene 257
  295. Starbuck, Kathryn H. 34
  296. Stebbins, Henry E. 125
  297. Steingut, Irwin 34
  298. Stewart, Maxwell 245
  299. Straus, Dorothy 34
  300. Straus, Helen Sachs 152
  301. Strauss, Anna Lord 248, 249
  302. Stulberg, Louis 152, 257
  303. Sulzberger, Arthur Hays 256
  304. Sweetland, Monroe 96
  305. Swett, Maud 128, 167
  306. Swithenbank, Gertrude E. 95, 154
  307. Takeda, K. 195
  308. Talbot, Miriam 256
  309. Tanneyhill, Ann 167
  310. Temple, Marjorie 167
  311. Taylor, Marion Y. 257
  312. Teper, Lazare 152
  313. Thomas, R. J. 131
  314. Thompson, Lucie E. 152
  315. Tillett, Gladys A. 230
  316. Trades Union Congress 86, 159
  317. Trobe, Adele S. 265
  318. Truman, Harry S. 153, 177
  319. Trump, Frank M. 256
  320. United Nations 220-243, 248, 250
  321. United Nations Relief and Reconstruction Administration 152
  322. United States National Labor Relations Board 33
  323. United States. Department of Labor. Women's Bureau 129-169, 266
  324. Vocational Advisory Service 265
  325. Wagner, Robert F. 17
  326. Waline Piere 152
  327. Walker, Muriel 145
  328. Walpole, E. Stanley 126
  329. Ward, Christopher 234
  330. Wasson, Ann 231, 234, 235, 237, 239
  331. Watanabe, Hanako 6, 195, 212
  332. Watson, Robert 256
  333. Webb, Sarah S. 88, 152
  334. Weber, Abraham S. 256
  335. Weyand, Ruth 252
  336. Weygard, Ruth 257
  337. Wherry, Margaret 88
  338. Wilson, Cairine 234
  339. Winant, John G. 32, 89, 98, 117, 155, 212, 213
  340. Witbeck, Lee 144
  341. Wolfe, Elsie 131
  342. Women's Group on Public Welfare 160
  343. Wood, Ethel Mary 6, 128, 160, 257
  344. Woodsmall, Ruth 152
  345. Wright, Ralph 218
  346. Young Women's Christian Association 141, 144, 167, 199, 213, 253
  347. Zimmerman, Elsie M. 173
  348. Zizzamia, Alba 233, 234

Processing Information

Processed: August 1979

By: Donna E. Webber
Link to catalog
Title
Miller, Frieda S. Papers of Frieda S. Miller, 1909-1973 (inclusive), 1929-1967 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Author
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
EAD ID
sch00235

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

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