Additional records of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, 1877-1974
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
The clippings document the activities and concerns of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union. Articles about annual meetings, fund-raising events, and conferences provide information on the organizational aspects of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union. Others (besides #1, mentioned above) focus on its officers, among them Ruth Bean (#46, 49), Dr. Harriet Clisby (#19, 35), Mabel Curtis (#7, 16), Florence Jackson (#25), Mary Morton Kehew (#16), Margaret McGill (#33, 35), Lucinda Prince (#12), and Eva Whiting White (#35-36, 41-42).
Clippings from the early years, 1877-1920, include articles on a major concern of that period: working conditions for women in factory and domestic jobs. The concern with employment opportunities and training for women in many fields is reflected in clippings throughout all the scrapbooks. The Women's Educational and Industrial Union programs covered in most detail are the School Lunch Program (1909-1937) and the Appointment Bureau (ca.1910-1924). Among the other programs reported on in some detail are the School of Housekeeping and the Domestic Reform League (ca.1877-1915); the Industrial Credit Union, the School of Salesmanship, and the Bookshop for Boys and Girls (ca.1915-1950); and, after 1950, Partnership Teaching, Companions Unlimited, Nursing Home Guide, and the Day Care Program.
Articles on needlework and other handwork -- announcements of classes and exhibits and clippings about selling handwork in the Women's Educational and Industrial Union shops -- are scattered throughout the scrapbooks, as are notices of lectures and meetings.
The Union continued most of its original activities during subsequent years: during the 1930s and 1940s it provided employment services for college graduates, married women, and the handicapped; and the handwork and food shops continued to operate. While some of the programs were turned over to others -- the School of Salesmanship became the Prince School of Education for Store Services at Simmons College and the School Lunch Program was taken over by the Boston School Committee -- new programs were begun. One of the most successful was the Partnership Teaching Program, which placed qualified teachers who could not work full-time into partnership arrangements with one another.
In the 1950s the Union began to be concerned with the problems of the elderly, especially housing; this was later expanded to include concern for isolated persons of all ages. The Union offers a "Nursing Home Guide" as one resource to meet the former need, and Companions Unlimited serves the latter.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
MICROFILM OF COLLECTION
- Folders 1-37: M-89, Reel 1
- Folders 38-50: M-89, Reel 2
NOTES ON MICROFILM
- Many of the clippings were fragile. Edges have crumbled, causing letters or words to be lost; and portions of clippings have broken off.
- Pages were numbered by the processors.
- Whereas most clippings were dated, some were not or were incompletely dated. The processors made no attempt to supply dates or to confirm existing ones. When clippings were remounted the processors transferred to the new pages the dates given on the original ones.
- Some scrapbook pages contained folded clippings. Only relevant clippings containing non-repetitious information were unfolded for filming. Folded or otherwise obscured clippings on the film do not contain relevant new information. In a few cases a page was filmed twice to expose all appropriate clippings.
- Some of the scrapbooks had pages on which clippings were pasted in many layers. In most cases clippings were removed from these pages and remounted. Repetitious or irrelevant clippings were not included.
- Some pages were omitted, were obscured, or were incomplete on the film. These pages have been photocopied and can be found in B/W8728ed.
By: Diane Goldman and Mary Hilderbrand
- Boston (Mass.)--Social life and customs
- Credit unions--Massachusetts
- Day care centers--Massachusetts--Boston
- Employment agencies--Massachusetts
- Factory inspection--Massachusetts
- Home economics--Study and teaching--Massachusetts
- Human services--Massachusetts
- Labor inspection--Massachusetts
- Nursing homes--Massachusetts
- Occupational training--Massachusetts
- Older blind people--Services for
- Sales personnel--Training of--Massachusetts
- School children--Food--Massachusetts
- Social service
- Women household employees--Massachusetts
- Women--Services for
- Women's Educational and Industrial Union (Boston, Mass.). Additional records of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, 1877-1974: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
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