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COLLECTION Identifier: MC 314

Papers of the Tuttle family, 1895-1975 (inclusive), 1900-1953 (bulk)


Diaries, correspondence, writings, and photographs of the Tuttle family, Baptist missionaries, from Massachusetts.


  • 1895-1975
  • Majority of material found within 1900-1953

Language of Materials

Materials in English.

Access Restrictions:

Access. Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Copyright in the papers created by the Tuttle family is held by the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.


5.84 linear feet ((13 file boxes, 2 half file boxes) plus 16 folders of photographs)

The papers of the Tuttle family consist of diaries, correspondence, writings, and photographs. They are principally the personal papers of Frances Kemble (Davidson), Adoniram Judson Tuttle, and their children, Lucile Burdette and Stephen Davidson.

The diaries and journals (1v-37v) include information about Judson and Frances' wedding and first trip to Assam; the birth of their daughter Lucile; child care and education; friends and coworkers; India and its people; trips to Europe and the United States; missionary work; and Adoniram Judson Tuttle's illness and death. Biographical information includes vitae, passports, school records, obituaries, memorials, and clippings.

Series II, Correspondence, consists mainly of letters between husband and wife, parents and children, sister and brother.

Adoniram Judson Tuttle and Frances Davidson Tuttle wrote to their families in the United States regularly; in addition, some of Frances' private letters to her mother and sisters describe more intimate details of her life. When Adoniram Judson Tuttle travelled, he and Frances Davidson Tuttle wrote each other daily, and they sent weekly, sometimes daily, letters to the children after they had gone away to school. In most cases a carbon copy of general family letters was sent to each child or set of relatives, with more personal notes pencilled at the end. While away at school Lucile and Stephen wrote regularly to their parents and each other; Lucile's "regularly" was weekly, Stephen's monthly.

The letters of Adoniram Judson Tuttle and Frances Davidson Tuttle (#44-138) are arranged in one chronological sequence, with letters to each other, their children, and other family members interfiled. Because of the frequent separation of Adoniram Judson Tuttle and Frances Davidson Tuttle place names have been added to the folder descriptions. Letters to the Tuttles (#139-151) from their families, friends, and other missionaries are arranged separately at the end of sub-series II-A and include some business correspondence and letters of condolence at Adoniram Judson Tuttle's death.

The letters of Lucile Burdette Tuttle and Stephen Davidson Tuttle to their parents, each other, and relatives are arranged separately, except that their joint letters to their parents (1936-1939) are interfiled with Lucile Burdette Tuttle's correspondence. Lucile Burdette Tuttle's letters (#152-194) describe her school days, teaching experiences, and work in India. There are a few letters to Lucile Burdette Tuttle, including sympathy cards at her mother's death (#195-205). Stephen Davidson Tuttle's letters (#206-230) concern his school days, travel, music, and teaching positions. There are a few letters from relatives, others concerning research, and one folder about his estate.

Series III, Writings, contains sermons, articles, reports, talks, notebooks, and poetry.

Most of Adoniram Judson Tuttle's writings (#234v-246v) deal with missionary work and include a sermon on The Scriptural Basis of Mission; an historical sketch of the Gauhati Field; as well as notes for other sermons and addresses. The Assam Conference Reports, 1895-1938, include Adoniram Judson Tuttle's reports as secretary and treasurer of the Assam Baptist Conference.

Frances Davidson Tuttle's writings (#248-255) pertain to articles and talks on missionary life and India; there are many notes. There is one folder of poetry, some by Frances Davidson Tuttle, and a list of books read. Lucile Burdette Tuttle's writings (#258-266) are primarily notes for talks, along with some unpublished articles and stories. There are also reports on Adoniram Judson Tuttle's work at Mongoldai and her own work for the girls' hostel at Cotten College.

Stephen Davidson Tuttle's writings are meager, consisting of one musical score and some high school compositions.

Series IV, Photographs, consists mainly of snapshots of Assam, the Gauhati mission, and the Tuttle family as missionaries there; they are arranged in four sub-groups: Tuttle family, mission buildings and missionaries, albums, and Indians and India.

The Tuttles sent many of these pictures to family in the United States, annotating them on the reverse; most are undated. Of the relatives appearing in the pictures only Frances Davidson Tuttle's sisters are identified. The albums contain similar photographs, with some duplication; for the most part the photographs in them are neither identified nor dated.


Adoniram Judson Tuttle, Baptist missionary, was born on May 18, 1875, in Springfield, Ohio, the son of Laura Byrd (Luse) and Harvey Harrison Tuttle. He grew up in Granville, Ohio. After graduating from Denison University in 1896, he attended the Divinity School at the University of Chicago (1896-1897). During 1898 he served as supply pastor of Bethel Baptist Church in Springfield and Calvery Baptist Church in Piqua, Ohio., and then attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania (1898-1899). After graduation and ordination, Adoniram Judson Tuttle served as pastor of the Baptist Church at Washington Court House, Ohio. In March 1901 he was appointed missionary of the American Baptist Missionary Union of Boston, Massachusetts (now the American Baptist Foreign Missionary Society of New York) without his being called to Boston for an interview. On July 29, 1901, he married Frances Kemble Davidson, and on September 16 they sailed for India.

Frances Kemble Davidson was born on July 15, 1876, in Parkersburg, West Virginia, the daughter of Frances Victoria (Burdette) and Stephen Davidson. She attended Parkersburg city schools and spent a year at Shepardson Conservatory of Music, an affiliate of Denison University, where she met Adoniram Judson Tuttle. After learning that he was going into the ministry, she studied for two years at the Baptist Missionary Training School in Chicago, graduating as valedictorian on June 26, 1900.

Reverend and Mrs. Tuttle arrived in India in November 1901 and were first stationed at Golaghat, Assam (1901-1902); Gauhati, also in Assam, was their primary residence for most of their forty years in India. The Tuttles's service was evangelistic and educational in nature, but a great deal of Adoniram Judson Tuttle's time was spent traveling or on his administrative duties as field secretary and treasurer of the Assam Baptist Conference.

According to Frances Davidson Tuttle, her work in Assam "was to a large extent that of husband's assistant, for a busy missionary needs a wife's help in so very many ways." She also raised two children, conducted a kindergarten, taught teacher's training classes, and held prayer and sewing meetings for Indian women.

The Tuttles's first child, Lucile Burdette Tuttle, was born in Gauhati on May 18, 1903. Their son, Stephen Davidson Tuttle, was born on May 4, 1907, in Parkersburg, while the family was home on furlough. Since Adoniram Judson Tuttle agreed with Frances Davidson Tuttle that children should be raised by their parents Lucile Burdette Tuttle and Stephen Davidson Tuttle, unlike many other missionary children, remained at home through their early years. In the fall of 1921 they were sent to the Home for Missionary Children, Granville, Stephen entering Granville High School and Lucile entering Denison University.

After college and four years of teaching in Sugarcreek, Ohio, Lucile Burdette Tuttle returned to India to serve as her father's assistant (1929-1936); during 1934-1936 she also served as warden of the American Baptist Hostel for college girls attending Cotten College, Gauhati. Stephen Davidson Tuttle continued his studies in music, graduating from Denison University and Harvard University. After ten years of teaching at the University of Virginia (1941-1951) he was appointed Associate Professor of Music at Harvard University in 1952. On April 9, 1954, he was stricken with a heart attack and died at his home in Cambridge.

Lucile Burdette Tuttle returned to the United States in 1938 to teach at Abbot Academy, Andover, Massachusetts. Adoniram Judson Tuttle and Frances Davidson Tuttle retired in May 1940 settling in Massachusetts near their children. Adoniram Judson Tuttle died on August 6, 1943, after a year of illness (myasthenia gravis); Frances Davidson Tuttle died suddenly on October 4, 1946. Lucile Burdette Tuttle continued to teach: Abbot Academy (1938-1943), Wellesley College (1943-1946), and the Emma Willard School (1947-1968). After compulsory retirement she became Director of the Upper School at the Community School in Tehran, Iran (1968-1970). In 1977 she moved to Crosslands, Kennet Square, Pennsylvania.


The collection is arranged in four series:

  1. I. Diaries and biographical material
  2. ___A. Adoniram Judson Tuttle
  3. ___B. Frances Davidson Tuttle
  4. ___C. Lucile Burdette Tuttle
  5. ___D. Stephen Davidson Tuttle
  6. ___E. Davidson-Tuttle family
  7. II. Correspondence
  8. ___A. Francis Davidson and A. Judson Tuttle
  9. ___B. Lucile Burdette Tuttle
  10. ___C. Stephen Davidson Tuttle
  11. III. Writings
  12. ___A. Adoniram Judson Tuttle
  13. ___B. Frances Davidson Tuttle
  14. ___C. Lucile Burdette Tuttle
  15. ___D. Stephen Davidson Tuttle
  16. IV. Photographs

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession no.: 77-M146

The papers of the Tuttle family were given to the Schlesinger Library in September 1977 by Lucile Burdette Tuttle and were processed under a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (RC-0051-79-1260).


  1. Box 1: Folders 1-12v
  2. Box 2: Folders 13-25v
  3. Box 3: Folders 26v-43
  4. Box 4: Folders 44-70
  5. Box 5: Folders 71-89
  6. Box 6: Folders 90-111
  7. Box 7: Folders 112-130
  8. Box 8: Folders 131-157
  9. Box 9: Folders 158-177
  10. Box 10: Folders 178-198
  11. Box 11: Folders 199-218
  12. Box 12: Folders 219-233
  13. Box 13: Folders 234-v-243v
  14. Box 14: Folders 244v-254
  15. Box 15: Folders 255-268

Processing Information

Processed: April 1981

By: Madeleine Bagwell Perez

Tuttle family. Papers of the Tuttle family, 1895-1975 (inclusive), 1900-1953 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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