Records of the Bureau of Vocational Information, 1908-1932
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
9.42 linear feet (9 cartons, 1 file box) plus 2 oversize folders, 28 reels of microfilm (M-118)
The papers provide information about occupational opportunities available to women, the training required, the advantages of certain fields, and also about the people and other organizations involved in the effort to educate women about these opportunities. The employer and employee questionnaires and interviews reveal much about contemporary attitudes towards working women, and social and economic conditions for women in the 1920s.
Beatrice Doerschuk, who was associated with Bureau of Vocational Information from 1916-1926, "reorganized" the papers (ca.1928), using Bureau of Vocational Information folder headings. Her overall arrangement and description were retained, with only minor changes.
In researching fields of employment, Bureau of Vocational Information corresponded with and sent out many questionnaires to employers and employees. Correspondence was filed separately in some cases and with questionnaires in others. Correspondence within a folder is arranged chronologically, with the exception of exchanges of letters with an individual or an organization that were found clipped together. In folders that contain a variety of materials, these are also arranged chronologically, with undated items at the end.
The questionnaire numbering system is not consistent. Some have more than one set of numbers; a few have no numbers. In folders in which questionnaires predominate, they are arranged numerically, with unnumbered ones at the end. Further explanations of which of the Bureau of Vocational Information numbering systems was followed appear in the inventory when necessary. Not all numbers in all folders are sequential. In some instances, Bureau of Vocational Information subdivided returned questionnaires into branches of that occupation and filed them accordingly.
Bureau of Vocational Information detached the name portions of some of the questionnaires and filed them separately. Wherever possible they have been returned to their proper places.
In gathering information, Bureau of Vocational Information collected a large amount of print and near-print material: e.g., publications of the United States Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Interior, the Federal Board for Vocational Education, universities and colleges, professional organizations and societies, trade associations, museums and libraries, as well as newspaper and magazine articles and reprints. Printed items that concern women's employment, education, and training specifically were retained where they were found throughout the collection. They are listed in the inventory only when the entire contents of a folder are printed. Items dealing with various occupations in a general way, and readily available on microfilm or at other repositories (e.g., reprints, clippings, government publications), were discarded. Printed items dealing with occupations in a general way, but less likely to be available, were given to an appropriate repository.
Newspaper clippings, with the exception of enclosures, were removed from all folders and filmed separately at the end of the collection (Series IV). The inventory indicates which folders included clippings.
Although questionnaires, correspondence, and printed items make up the bulk of this collection, such other items as interviews, office notes, lists, bibliographies, lectures and reports are also present in many folders. The inventory is not exhaustive, listing only the items that make up the bulk of the material in each folder, or what seem to be particularly significant items.
Series I, Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations, includes one folder of publications by and about Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations and a lecture course, "Women in Industry: Her Opportunities in Business Today," which is arranged chronologically.
Series II, Bureau of Vocational Information, includes most issues of the News-Bulletin (1922-1926), and the files on occupations containing correspondence, questionnaires, printed material, etc. These files are arranged alphabetically by the name of the occupation, ending with sections entitled "Unclassified" and "Women (general)."
Series III, the Bureau of Vocational Information Study of Secretarial Work includes employee and employer questionnaires and correspondence, information about the statistical analysis of the questionnaires, correspondence with individuals and agencies involved in the study, and the draft of "The Woman Secretary." Employee questionnaires are arranged alphabetically by state. Within folders, questionnaires are arranged numerically and correspondence chronologically. On many of the questionnaires there are small numbers in the margins and elsewhere on the page. These were written in red ink and were evidently added by Bureau of Vocational Information to facilitate the evaluation and analysis of the responses. The correspondence with cooperating agencies and individuals is arranged alphabetically according to the order used by Bureau of Vocational Information.
Series IV, Clippings. These were removed from #43-368, arranged numerically by folder, and so identified.
- (1) to secure employment for college women or other specially equipped persons;
- (2) to investigate and to do all in its power to develop opportunities for women and to increase their efficiency in occupations;
- (3) to establish close connections with the colleges, especially in advising and informing undergraduates;
- (4) to ensure in every way a free and wise choice of occupation.
Emma P. Hirth, director of Bureau of Vocational Information, wrote on December 11, 1919 (#336): "The purpose of this organization...is to gather and distribute information concerning vocational opportunities for trained women. We are engaged at the present time on three intensive studies including: a study of the opportunities for women in statistical work; a study of the law as a vocation for women; and a study of opportunities for the woman chemist."
Bureau of Vocational Information subsequently published the three studies referred to by Emma Hirth and many others, including Positions of Responsibility in Department Stores and Other Retail Selling Organizations and Training For the Professions and Allied Occupations. Many Bureau of Vocational Information publications (also gifts of Beatrice Doerschuk), including the News-Bulletin, are available at the Schlesinger Library.
The financial support Bureau of Vocational Information received from individuals and foundations was not sufficient to maintain it. Despite attempts to affiliate with other organizations and to reorganize, Bureau of Vocational Information was forced to close its doors in 1926. Research on secretarial work had begun in 1924 but was never completed. Beatrice Doerschuk continued to work on the subject after Bureau of Vocational Information was dissolved in 1926; she wrote a draft of "The Woman Secretary" (#503-509), but it was never published.
- I. Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations, #1-27
- II. Bureau of Vocational Information, #28-369
- III. Bureau of Vocational Information Study of Secretarial Work, #370-509
- IV. Clippings, #510o-513o
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The records of the Bureau of Vocational Information were given to the Schlesinger Library by Beatrice Doerschuk, assistant director of the Bureau of Vocational Information, in October 1946.
MICROFILM OF COLLECTION
- All dates and other information added by the processor are in square brackets.
- The pages of some items were numbered to aid the microfilmer, the proofreader, and researchers. Blank pages were not numbered.
- All reels were proofread by the processor and corrections made where necessary. These corrections may disrupt the sequence of frame numbers.
- Some of the material in the collection was difficult to film, due to such problems as flimsy paper with text showing through, faint pencil notations, and creased and brittle paper. The film was carefully produced to insure that these items are as legible as possible.
- The clippings in #510-513 were discarded after filming.
- Photographs were microfilmed with the collection. They have also been filmed with the Schlesinger Library's photograph collection (M-54).
- In many cases, the enclosures referred to in letters are missing.
- The reverse sides of outdated letterhead and form letters were sometimes used by Bureau of Vocational Information staff for carbon copies, drafts, or notes; print may show through. The letter-head/printed sides were filmed only if they are not represented elsewhere in the collection, or if they contain unique text.
- In some cases, magazines, membership directories, and other multiple-paged items were not filmed in their entirety, but only the pertinent page(s), with the title page where necessary to establish name and date of publication.
- In a small number of cases title pages only were microfilmed to indicate the type of material Bureau of Vocational Information collected.
- After microfilming periodicals were removed to the Schlesinger Library periodical file.
- For a list of the contents of B-3, see the series list and inventory that follow. When requesting microfilm material, please use the microfilm number and the reel number.
- ___Folders 1-27: M-118, Reel 1
- ___Folders 28-51: M-118, Reel 2
- ___Folders 52-90: M-118, Reel 3
- ___Folders 91-105: M-118, Reel 4
- ___Folders 106-137: M-118, Reel 5
- ___Folders 138-151: M-118, Reel 6
- ___Folders 152-174: M-118, Reel 7
- ___Folders 175-197: M-118, Reel 8
- ___Folders 198-213: M-118, Reel 9
- ___Folders 214-237: M-118, Reel 10
- ___Folders 238-260: M-118, Reel 11
- ___Folders 261-283: M-118, Reel 12
- ___Folders 284-303: M-118, Reel 13
- ___Folders 304-333: M-118, Reel 14
- ___Folders 334-353: M-118, Reel 15
- ___Folders 354-374: M-118, Reel 16
- ___Folders 375-382: M-118, Reel 17
- ___Folders 383-392: M-118, Reel 18
- ___Folders 393-402: M-118, Reel 19
- ___Folders 403-408: M-118, Reel 20
- ___Folders 409-415 M-118, Reel 21
- ___Folders 416-427: M-118, Reel 22
- ___Folders 428-434: M-118, Reel 23
- ___Folders 435-442: M-118, Reel 24
- ___Folders 435-442: M-118, Reel 25
- ___Folders 452-469: M-118, Reel 26
- ___Folders 470-488: M-118, Reel 27
- ___Folders 489-513o: M-118, Reel 28
By: Bert Hartry
- Arts--Vocational guidance
- Clerical occupations
- College graduates--Vocational guidance
- Department stores--Employees
- Educational counseling
- Home economics.
- Industrial welfare
- Labor supply--United States--20th century
- Occupational training for women
- Scientists--Vocational guidance
- Self-employed women
- Social service
- United States--Social conditions--20th century
- Women artists
- Women clergy
- Women college graduates
- Women in agriculture
- Women in engineering
- Women in industry
- Women in medicine
- Women in science
- Women in the professions
- Women lawyers
- Women scientists
- Women social workers
- Women statisticians
- Women's exchanges
- Women--United States--Economic conditions
- Women--United States--Social conditions
- Women--Vocational guidance
- Bureau of Vocational Information (New York, N.Y.). Records of the Bureau of Vocational Information, 1908-1932: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- The records were reprocessed and microfilmed under a grant from Clara Schiffer.
- EAD ID
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