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COLLECTION Identifier: 97-M156--2000-M128

Papers of Abraham Bartlett Smith, 1922-2000 (bulk), 1980-1988 (bulk)


Journals of Abraham Bartlett Smith, a transgender individual.


  • Creation: 1922-2000
  • Creation: 1980-1988

Language of Materials

Materials in English.


Access. Portions of the collection are closed to protect the privacy of individuals mentioned in the journals. Researchers must sign a special permission form to use the collection.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright. Abraham B. Smith has transferred copyright in this collection to the President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Schlesinger Library. Copyright in other papers in the collection may be held by their authors, or the authors' heirs or assigns.

Copying. Open papers may be copied in accordance with the Library's usual procedures.


5.25 linear feet ((4 cartons, 3 file boxes) plus 1 folio+ folder)

This collection consists largely of manuscript journals detailing Smith's daily activities, health, reading, etc., 1980-1981, 1986-2000. He regularly enclosed or attached photographs, letters, cards, clippings, flyers, etc. Some of these were removed if they were not pertinent to a particular entry; others remain part of the volume. The entries include meditations upon his family, past and present; his sense of "otherness"; his attitudes towards some of the social, political, and religious issues of the day; descriptions of his encounters with friends, neighbors, and others in the community; financial records; and the chronicle of a (successful) attempt to lose weight. Also included are two volumes: a copy of the childrearing manual used by Smith's mother; and a biography of a female to male transsexual, Michael Dillon (fl. 1950s).


Abraham Bartlett Smith was born Phyliss Bartlett Smith, the elder child of Omar and Mae (Bartlett) Smith, on January 14, 1926. Smith grew up in Springfield, Massachusetts, and graduated from Classical High School (1943) and earned a bachelor's degree in biology from American International College (1948). Between high school and college Smith worked as a machine operator (producing the M-1 rifle) at the Springfield Armory. Smith worked as a biological aide for the United States Department of Interior's Fish and Wildlife Service's Marine Biological Laboratory in Milford, Connecticut (1948-1950), at a Sonotone Battery plant in Cold Spring, New York, and as a staff member at the Wassaic State School, a center for the mentally retarded, in Wassaic, New York, from 1968 until retiring in 1981.

Smith's years as a child and young adult were anguished ones. She ran away to Chicago in 1941 and during the 1950s was hospitalized at Connecticut State Hospital. She converted to Roman Catholicism in the 1950s and inalterably left the church in the early 1970s. In 1963 Smith had a son, voluntarily and deliberately; she did not continue her relationship with her son's father. In 1970 she underwent the physical and legal procedures necessary to become a man, and in 1972 officially changed her name to Abraham Bartlett Smith. In 1977 Smith married, but the couple was divorced in 1980.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, Smith lived in Winsted and Norfolk, Connecticut, and East Longmeadow, Massachusetts. In October 1992 he moved to Jonesboro, and later Machias, Maine. In 1998 he moved to back to Massachusetts, to be nearer to his family. Smith is an avid reader, music lover, civil libertarian, and student of the planet's biological diversity. He writes that he is "a strongly-motivated opponent and challenger of religion's intrusion into human life and freedom, especially those of women and 'queers.'"

Smith died December 4, 2012.

Physical Location

Collection stored off site: researchers must request access 36 hours before use.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers: 97-M156, 98-M15, 98-M41, 98-M47, 98-M87, 98-M139, 98-M156, 98-M182, 98-M199, 2000-M128

These papers were given to the Schlesinger Library by Abraham Bartlett Smith between November 1997 and August 2000.


  1. Carton 1: 1-2, 3, 5-9, 11, 13, 15, 17-20, 22, 26-27
  2. Carton 2: 28-30, 32-35, 37-41, 48
  3. Carton 3: 51-52, 54-56, 58-61, 63, 65v-66v
  4. Carton 4: CLOSED (4, 10, 12, 14, 16, 21, 23-25, 31, 36, 42-44)
  5. Box 5: CLOSED (45-46)
  6. Box 6: CLOSED (47, 49-50, 53, 57, 62)
  7. Box 7: CLOSED (43a, 64a-64d)

Processing Information

Processed: June 1999; addenda processed June 2010

By: Anne Engelhart

Smith, Abraham Bartlett, 1926-2012. Papers of Abraham Bartlett Smith, 1922-2000 (inclusive), 1980-l998 (bulk): A Finding Aid
Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository

The preeminent research library on the history of women in the United States, the Schlesinger Library documents women's lives from the past and present for the future. In addition to its traditional strengths in the history of feminisms, women’s health, and women’s activism, the Schlesinger collections document the intersectional workings of race and ethnicity, gender, sexuality, and class in American history.

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