Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Use
Copying. Unpublished material in open folders may only be copied with the written permission of Pablo Conrad, literary trustee. Published material only may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
10.63 linear feet ((10 cartons, 1 + 1/2 file boxes) plus 3 folio folders, 2 folio+ folders, 3 oversize folders, 1 supersize folder, 1 oversize volume, 1 photograph folder, 8 slides, 4 audiotapes, 1 phonograph record)
Closed and open materials are numbered in one sequence but boxed separately. (See the Box List immediately following the scope and content section.) Unpublished materials in open folders may not be photocopied without permission. Folder headings appearing in quotation marks are Rich's; the rest have been added by processor. In March 2011, Rich reviewed the papers and opened some previously closed items, while lengthening the closure on others. In 1979, Rich donated some papers to the Lesbian Herstory Archives in New York, New York. They contain galley proofs for books that are not in this collection, including Snapshots, Nightwatch, Necessities of Life, Leaflets, etc.; research notebooks for Of Woman Born; etc. (see # 1 for complete list).
There is some overlap among the various series. Transcriptions by Rich of passages she read will be found both in the commonplace books (#50v-53) as well as the Notebooks (#63-68). Material concerning her time at Oxford will be found both in the notebooks as well as in a folder of essays (#69). Material about awards and honorary degrees is filed in Series I, although related material can be found in general correspondence in Series II (#129-135). While correspondence can be found throughout the collection, most is grouped in Series II and is closed, except that with her book publishers. There are few photographs in the collection and those that exist are scattered throughout.
Series I, Biographical and personal (#1-88), is organized into the following main groups: Interviews, Childhood writings; Diaries; Commonplace books (or "reading notebooks" as Rich called them); Radcliffe papers; Notebooks; Account books; and Awards, certificates, etc. Interviews consist of published and unpublished articles, pamphlets, and an audiotape; childhood writings is a loose term that covers a wide assortment of AR's early works and includes drawings, poems, plays, music composition books, etc. Rich kept two different types of diaries; the pre-printed diaries that usually cover one calendar year and a journal-entry style. The two types often overlap.
Series II, Correspondence (#89-171), is divided loosely into the following sections: Family, filed chronologically; letters to Sumner Powell, a former fiance; Alphabetical, mainly with friends and other writers; Publishers, which is arranged chronologically, Magazines, Women's publications; and Response mail, which contains letters re: Rich's writing from fans.
Series III, Published writings (#172-351v), is divided into three major sections: Published works by Rich, Critical works re: Rich's poetry, and poetry by others. Published works consists mainly of pamphlets, small press volumes and periodicals containing Rich's poetry and prose. The latter are filed alphabetically by name of periodical. Pamphlets or volumes containing Rich's prose are filed chronologically. This first section also contains a small group of foreign volumes containing (or about) Rich's work.
The largest section under published works are the folders of Norton's "dead matter" (#222-276, commonly referred to as foul matter). A fairly complete set of publishing states for two of her books has been retained; see Atlas, #251-255, and What is Found There, #267-276 (neither of these sets contain "paste-ups" or "blues"). States of "blues" or "paste-ups," which generally contain no manuscript alterations or only minor copyediting marks, have been discarded. Samples of "paste-ups" exist for Fact of a Doorframe (see #225); of "blues" for Fact of a Doorframe (#229), Your Native Land (#246), and Time's Power (#249). Also discarded were photocopies of various states with no manuscript or copyediting alterations. Pages of later states, such as "master sets," with no manuscript alterations, or very minor copyediting marks only were also discarded. In these instances, pages with manuscript revisions were kept and a note placed in the appropriate folder stating that some pages were discarded. What Norton refers to as "master sets" are prints or copies made from the "paste-ups."
Re: Rich's poetry contains periodicals, pamphlets, two unpublished theses, articles and reviews. The last section, Poetry by others, consists mostly of small press volumes, periodicals of poetry and prose, most of which are inscribed by the author to Rich.
Series IV, Readings, speeches, workshops, teaching (#352-425), is divided into three sections: Speeches and lectures contains typescript drafts of speeches; Readings contains audiotapes, a phonograph record, scrapbook, pamphlets, itineraries, and a series of flyers and posters; Teaching and workshops arranged chronologically by school, contains, lecture notes, reading assignments, course descriptions, and readers. Student biographies, correspondence and grades are closed.
Folder titles in Series V, Subject files (#426-449), such as grassroots feminism and women in prison, are arranged alphabetically by subject, primarily using AR's headings, and contain clippings, flyers, mailings.
Rich is the author of eleven books of poetry including Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law (Harper & Row, 1963), Necessities of Life (Norton, 1966), Leaflets (Norton, 1969), The Will to Change (Norton, 1971), Diving into the Wreck (Norton, 1973), Poems: Selected and New, 1950-1974 (Norton, 1975), A Wild Patience Has Taken Me Thus Far (1981), The Fact of a Doorframe (Norton, 1984), Dark Fields of the Republic (Norton, 1995), Midnight Salvage: poems, 1995-1998 (Norton, 1999), and four books of prose, Of Woman Born: Motherhood as Experience and Institution (1976), and On Lies, Secrets and Silence: Selected Prose, 1966-1978. Diving into the Wreck won the National Book Award in 1974. Protesting the lack of women recipients, Rich rejected the award as an individual and accepted it in conjunction with the other nominees, Audre Lorde and Alice Walker, in the name of all women. Her writings have been translated into German, French, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, and Japanese. She was also the editor, with Michelle Cliff, of Sinister Wisdom (1981-1983).
Rich has taught writing and women's studies at Swarthmore College (visiting poet, 1966-1968), Columbia University (1967-1969), the City College of New York (lecturing in the Seek Education, Elevation and Knowledge [SEEK] English Program, 1968-1972, 1974-1975), Brandeis University (Fannie Hurst Visiting Professor of Creative Literature, 1972-1973), Douglass College, Rutgers University (1975-1979), Cornell University (1981-1987), Scripps College (1983-1984), San Jose State (1984-1985), Stanford University (1986-1993), and University of Chicago (1989). She has also lectured on feminism at conferences and universities in the United States, Japan, France, and Great Britain.
The recipient of Guggenheim fellowships (1952, 1953 and again 1961-1962), Rich also received a Bollingen Foundation grant for translation of Dutch poetry (1962), the Amy Lowell Traveling Fellowship (1963), a grant from the National Institute of Arts and Letters (1961), an NEA grant (1970), an Alumnae Recognition Award at Radcliffe's centennial (1979), and numerous other awards for poetry. In 1997, she turned down the National Medal for the Arts.
For more complete accounts of her life, see Contemporary Authors (first revision, volumes 9-12, 1974), World Authors: 1950-1970 (1975), Alone with America (196-) by Richard Howard, Five Temperments (1977) by David Kalstone, An American Triptych: Anne Bradstreet, Emily Dickinson, Adrienne Rich (1984) by Wendy Martin, Writing Beyond the Ending (1985) by Rachel Blau DuPlessis, The Aesthetics of Power: The Poetry of Adrienne Rich (1986) by Claire Keyes, and Who's Who of American Women (1999). For a more complete list, see Biographical and Genealogical Master Index.
- Series I. Biographical and personal (#1-88)
- Series II. Correspondence (#89-171)
- Series III. Published writings (#172-351v)
- Series IV. Readings, speeches, teaching, workshops (#352-425)
- Series V. Subject files (#426-449)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers of Adrienne Rich were given to the Schlesinger Library by Adrienne Rich in August 1984, between April 1990 and October 1992, in December 1994, and August 1999. Dead matter for Rich's books was given to the library by her publisher, W.W. Norton & Company, between May 1985 and April 1989 and between January 1993 and December 1994. Listening copies of audiotapes were made at the Media Production Center, Harvard University in April and May 1999. Audiovisual material and closed portions of accession #99-M136 were not included in this finding aid.
Accession numbers: 84-M141--99-M73
Processed by: Glynn Edwards
The following items have been removed from the collection:
- Robert Lowell. Notebook of a Year, 1967-1968 (galley). Transferred to Houghton Library, November 1984
- Fantasy Poets, number 12, "Adrienne Cecile Rich" [2 copies] . Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Departure Pamphlets I, "Six Women Poets." Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Women's Studies "Renaissance or Revolution" [2 copies]. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Uses of Literature. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Reconstituting the World: The Poetry and Vision of Adrienne Rich. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- The Hollins Critic (11:4, October 1974). Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Ohio Review (13:1) [3 copies]. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Poems by Ghalib. Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- The Island (Number 3, May 1966). Transferred to Woodberry Poetry Room, Lamont Library, November 1984
- Women Writing. Newfield, New York: self-published. To Schlesinger Library periodicals, May 1999
- Good Housekeeping Centennial, 1885-1985. Duplicate, to Schlesinger Library book sale, May 1999
- Mary Jane Vanderbosch. The Education of Adrienne Rich: From Re-Vision to Revelation (thesis, University of Iowa, 1980). Available through UMI; to Schlesinger Library book sale, May 1999
- Carton 1: 1-7, 9v-10d, 20a, 31v, 49-62, 66, 69-70, 77-79, 81-86
- Carton 2: 10v-30v, 32v-42v, 44v-46v
- Carton 3: CLOSED (43, 47v-48v, 67, 96-108, 111, 113, 119, 120, 121-125, 129-133, 135, 140, 144a, 296a, 400, 402a-403, 407, 410, 416, 419, 425)
- Carton 4: 63-65v, 68, 71v-75v, 89-95, 109-110, 112, 114, 116-118, 120a, 126-128, 149-154, 158-161, 166-169
- Carton 5: 87-88, 115, 134, 136-139, 141-148, 155-157, 162-165, 172-221
- Carton 6: 222-225, 228v-249, 251-258
- Carton 7: 259-291
- Carton 8: 292-351v
- Carton 9: 352-356, 359-361, 363-366, 369-372, 374, 377, 379-381, 384-399, 401
- Carton 10: 402, 404-406, 408-409, 411-415, 417-418, 420-424, 426-428, 432-433, 435-436, 438, 441, 443
- Box 11: 170-171, 382-383, 429-431, 434, 437, 439-440, 442, 445
- Box 12: 444, 446-449
By: Glynn Edwards
- Account books
- American literature-- 20th century
- American literature--Women authors
- Authors and publishers
- Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959
- College teachers
- Commonplace books
- Family violence
- Female offenders--United States
- Feminism--International cooperation
- Feminist economics
- Feminist literature
- Feminist literature--Book reviews
- Feminist poetry
- Feminist poetry--Book reviews
- Feminist theory
- Galley proofs
- Homosexuality and literature
- Jewish women--United States
- Jews -- United States--Periodicals
- Lecture notes
- Lesbianism--Literary collections
- Lesbians' writings--Book reviews
- Lesbians' writings--Periodicals
- Lesbians--United States
- Motion pictures and women
- Peace movements
- Poets, American
- Publishers and publishing--United States
- Racism--United States
- Richards, I. A. (Ivor Armstrong), 1893-1979
- Sex discrimination against women
- United States--Race relations
- Violence--United States
- Voyages and travels
- Wife abuse
- Women poets
- Women political activists--United States
- Women prisoners--United States
- Women's periodicals, American
- Women's rights
- Women's studies--United States
- Women--Central America
- Women--Crimes against
- Women--International cooperation
- Women--United States--Economic conditions
- Rich, Adrienne, 1929-2012. Papers of Adrienne Rich, 1927-1999: A Finding Aid
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- EAD ID
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