Six Puerto Rican Women, undated
Essay by Puerto Rican suffragist and educator Isabel Andreu de Aguilar.
Language of Materials
Materials in English.
Access. Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright. Papers created by Isabel Andreu de Aguilar are in the public domain.
Copying. Papers may be copied in accordance with the library's usual procedures.
"Six Puerto Rican Women," an essay by Isabel Andreu de Aguilar, describes the lives of women in Puerto Rican history who risked their own lives to relieve physical suffering, work for political independence, or advance women's emancipation. The six are Maria Rosario Bustamente, Mariana Bracetti (or Bracety), Ana Martinez Pumarejo, Josefa Gil de Lamadrid, Lola Rodriguez de Tio, and Ana Roque de Duprey. The essay is typed, with handwritten corrections.
Writer, educator, and suffragist Isabel Andreu de Aguilar (born Isabel Andreu y Blanco) was born on November 15, 1887, in Fajardo, Puerto Rico, the daughter of Cristóbal Andreu Comendador and Blanca Irene Blanco Guzmán. Her father, who was originally from Majorca, Spain, eventually became the mayor of Fajardo. Andreu de Aguilar was part of the first graduating class of the Escuela Normal of the University of Puerto Rico, receiving her diploma in 1907. In 1917, she was appointed to the board of directors of the Carnegie Library and also became the vice president of the Puerto Rican Feminist League (Liga Femínea Puertorriqueña), which worked actively to gain women the right to vote. In 1924, Andreu de Aguilar, along with several other women, resigned from the League over ideological differences, with Andreu de Aguilar co-founding the Puerto Rican Association of Women Suffragists (Asociación Puertorriqueña de Mujeres Sufragistas) the following year. The ideological split was largely based on disagreement on whether the right to vote should be extended to all women, or only to educated women. Andreu de Aguilar felt that education was necessary before women were qualified to vote. In 1929, she became president of the Association of Women Suffragists; the Association succeeded in gaining the vote for literate women. In 1932, Andreu de Aguilar ran as a Senator for the Liberal Party of Puerto Rico, the first woman to do so. She lost the election and subsequently continued her studies, earning a Bachelor of Education at the University of Puerto Rico in 1935, and an MA in adult education from Columbia University. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, she gave speeches and wrote on topics including women's rights and education. Andreu de Aguilar died on April 7, 1948. A building on the campus of the University of Puerto Rico and a street in San Juan were named for her posthumously.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Accession number: 51-53
"Six Puerto Rican Women" was given to the Schlesinger Library by Marion Hathway in 1951.
Processed: February 1983
By: David Nathan
Updated and additional information added February 2021
By: Susan Earle with assistance from Summer Unsinn
The collection was previously cataloged as A/A283.
The Schlesinger Library attempts to provide a basic level of preservation and access for all collections, and does more extensive processing of higher priority collections as time and resources permit. Finding aids may be updated periodically to account for new acquisitions to the collection and/or revisions in arrangement and description.
- Journalists--Puerto Rico
- Nurses--Puerto Rico--19th century
- Poets, Spanish American
- Puerto Rico--History
- Puerto Rico--History--Insurrection, 1868
- Puerto Rico--Politics and government
- Spanish-American War, 1898
- Women journalists--Puerto Rico
- Women nurses--Puerto Rico--19th century
- Women poets, Spanish American
- Women's rights--Puerto Rico
- Women--Puerto Rico
- Women--Suffrage--Puerto Rico
- Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
- Language of description
- Processing of this collection was made possible by the Radcliffe College Class of 1955 Manuscript Processing Fund.
- EAD ID
Part of the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute Repository
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