Awatovi Expedition records
- 1930-1981 (inclusive)
- Montgomery, Ross Gordon, 1888-1969 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Extent26 linear feet
The large Awatovi site, covering approximately 23 acres, contained some 5000 rooms, often several stories high, as well as plazas and kivas. As it was destroyed by fire in 1700 and had not since been disturbed, the site offered archaeologists an important opportunity to study the history and culture of the Hopi people from the 13th to the beginning of the 18th centuries
In 1934 William H. Claflin, Jr. began to formulate a plan for a Peabody Museum expedition to Awatovi. Although not formally trained, Claflin had nurtured an enthusiasm for archaeology since his youth. Most recently he had co-sponsored the Museum's survey of southern Utah with Raymond Emerson. Claflin's friend, Donald Scott, director of the Peabody Museum, embraced Claflin's conception of a Museum expedition to Awatovi, and Scott soon asked John Otis Brew (J.O. Brew) to direct the expedition.
During the five field seasons (1935-1939), 1300 rooms were excavated at the pueblo of Awatovi, as well as a 17th century Franciscan mission. In addition to large scale excavations, 65 small test sites were also made at Awatovi. 11,700 artifacts of stone and bone and 8,500 pottery specimens were excavated and catalogued. In addition an enormous number of potsherds were washed, classified, and recorded. In the 1938 season alone, 243,871 postsherds were examined.
Detailed accounts of the archaeological work at Awatovi can be found in the following publications:
- Hack, John T. The Changing Physical Environment of the Hopi Indians ofArizona. Reports of the Awatovi Expedition 1. Peabody Museum Papers. vol. 35, no. 1.
- Montgomery, Ross. Watson Smith, and John Otis Brew. FranciscanAwatovi: the excavation and conjectural reconstruction of a 17th century Spanish missionestablishment at a Hopi Indian town in northeastern Arizona . Peabody MuseumPapers, vol. 36.
- Smith, Watson. Painted Ceramics of the WesternMound at Awatovi.Peabody Museum Papers, vol. 38.
- Smith, Watson. Prehistoric Kivas of Antelope Mesa. Peabody Museum Papers, vol. 39, no. 1.
- Davis, Hester A. Remembering Awatovi: The Story of an Archaeological Expedition in Northern Arizona1935-1939.Peabody Museum Press. Harvard University. Cambridge, MA. 2008.
- Sixty-Ninth Report of the Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology. Harvard University. Cambridge, MA
- Seventieth Report of thePeabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology. Harvard University. Cambridge, MA
- Smith, Watson. Kiva Mural Decorations at Awatovi and Kawaika-A. Peabody Museum Papers. vol. 37.
- Survey of Historic Sites andBuildings. Explorers and Settlers Series.http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/explorers/sitec3.htm
- Series I: Expedition records, reports, andcorrespondence.
- Series II: Ledgers, journals and diaries
- Series III: Field notebooks
- Series IV: Field cards
- Series V: Drawings
- Series VI: Artifact cards
- Series VII: Potteryanalysis cards
- Series VIII: J. O. Brew Records of non-Awatovi expeditons
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These papers were transferred to the Archives by J.O. Brew, Evelyn Brew, and the Department of Anthropology in 1940. The majority of the records were not inventoried until 1994 and were accessioned in 1995. Some items from earlier accessions were held in the Collections Department accession files before rejoining the main body of material in the museum archives.
- Awatovi (Ariz.)
- Decorative arts
- Drawings (visual works)
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Arizona -- Awatovi
- Field notes
- Hopi (culture or style)
- Hopi pottery
- House furnishings
- Indigenous peoples -- Arizona
- Indigenous peoples -- Southwest, new
- Pottery -- American
- Pottery -- Arizona -- Awatovi
- Research notes
- Montgomery, Ross Gordon, 1888-1969 (Person)
- Cosgrove, H. S. (Harriet Silliman), 1877- (Person)
- Brew, J. O. (John Otis), 1906-1988 (Person)
- Claflin, William H. (William Henry), 1893- (Person)
- Scott, Donald, 1879-1967 (Person)
- Smith, Watson, 1897-1993 (Person)
- Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Organization)
- Awatovi Expedition Records, 1930-1981 (inclusive) : A Finding Aid
- Peabody Museum Archives
- EAD ID
Part of the Peabody Museum Archives Repository
The Peabody Museum Archives contains primary source materials that reflect the Museum’s archaeological and ethnographic research and fieldwork since its founding in 1866. Archival collections contain photographs, documents, papers, and records of enduring value that were created or collected by the Museum, its individual affiliates, or other related entities. The collections also document the history or provenience, as well as the creation of many of the Museum’s artifact collections. To learn more about research visits at the Peabody Museum, please see https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/research-visits.
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