Samuel K. Lothrop papers
- 1915 - 1962
Conditions Governing Access
Extent4.2 linear feet (10 document boxes)
In addition to his work for the Peabody Museum, Lothrop conducted and participated in explorations for the Carnegie Institute, the Museum of the American Indian (Heye Foundations), and the Institute for Andean Research. During his involvement with these various institutions, Lothrop traveled to much of Central and South America, including Argentina, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Tierra del Fuego. With the material gathered from his expeditions, Lothrop authored several books, including Tulim: an Archaeological Study of Eastern Yucatan, (1924); Pottery of Costa Rica and Nicaragua (1926); Pottery Types and their Sequence in El Salvador (1927); Indians of Tierra del Fuego (1928); Indians of the Parama (1931 ); Atitlan: An Archaeological Study of the Borders of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala (1933); Zacualpa: A Study of Quiche Artifacts (1936) Cocle: An Archaeological Study of Central Panama (Part I & Part II) (1937, 1941); Inca Treasure as Depicted by Spanish Historians (1938).
Lothrop also served in the U.S. Military Intelligence Department, working as an intelligence agent during World War I. Some of the papers pertaining to this work are contained in the archives, but may remain closed for a period of years to protect the privacy of individuals.
- Series I. Peru. Lothrop's research on Peru. Includes Lothrop's article Gold Artifacts of ChavinStyle, the third in a series of articles on Peruvian metal-work. Lothrop traveled to Peruin 1941-1944 for the Institute of Andean Research.
- Series II. Panama. Material pertaining to Lothrop's Cocle: An Archaeological Study of Central Panama, which Lothrop researched in Panama while on expedition for Harvard in 1930, 1931, 1933, 1940. The remaining material relates to sites other than Cocle, including Venado Beach.
- Series III. Guatemala and Mexico. Documents Lothrop's travels to Guatemala for Harvard in 1915-1917, for the Museum of the American Indian in 1924, 1926, and 1928, andfor the Carnegie Institute of Washington in 1932-1933. During his time in Guatemala, Lothropcollected material for his books, Zacualpa: A Study of Quiche Artifacts and Atitlan: An Archeological Study of the Borders of Lake Atitlan, Guatemala. The remaining material encompasses research about the Mexican Cenote at Chichen Itza, whichLothrop appears to have been preparing for Alfred M. Tozzer, and on Mexico in general.
- Series IV. Chile and Tierra del Fuego. Materials related to Lothrop's trip for the Museum of the American Indian to Tierra del Fuego in 1924-1925. While there heresearched his book Indians of Tierra del Fuego, with the help of the Bridgesbrothers (Lucas and William) who lived on the island. Also includes various material on Chile,where Lothrop carried on excavations at Compania Baja, near La Serena in 1929 and also studiedthe Araucanians.
- Series V. Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Colombia. Material pertaining to Lothrop's work Pottery of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, published in 1926. Lothrop later led expeditions to Costa Rica for Harvard in 1948-1949. Puerto Rican material pertains to Lothrop's travels for Harvard in 1915. Remaining material onNicaragua and Colombia does not appear to have resulted from any trips Lothrop took to eitherof these two countries.
- Series VI Institute of Andean Research. Records pertaining to Lothrop's work with on behalf of the Institute of Andean Research (I.A.R.), anorganization of North and South American archaeologists and ethnologists whose goal was tofacilitate the exchange of research. Lothrop was a founding member and officer (in variouscapacities) for the Institute from its establishment in 1936 until c. 1962. He traveled for theInstitute to Peru in 1941-1944, during which time he worked on the Paracas Project with Dr.Julio Tello of the Museo de Arquelogico de San Marcos, Lima, Peru. After Tello's death in1948, Lothrop coordinated the completion of the Paracas report with Rebecca Carrion of Lima's Museo Antropologia y Arqueologia.
- Series VII. Military Intelligence Documents. Documents and correspondence related to Lothrop's service for the U.S. Military Intelligence Department during World War I. Lothrop conducted surveillance on Germans and pro-Germans in Central and South America. Also included,material regarding Franz Boas's condemnation of scientist spies.
- Series VIII. Miscellaneous People and Places. Biographical information about various people with whom Lothrop was associated andmaterial regarding various places with which Lothrop was interested, connected, or visited.
- Series IX. Miscellaneous Files Includes sketches, drawings, photographs,memos, reports, articles.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These papers were found in Peabody Museum offices and were accessioned in 1996.
- Archaeology -- Central America
- Costa Rica -- Material culture
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Central America
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Guatemala
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Mexico
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Panama
- Indigenous peoples -- South America -- Argentina
- Indigenous peoples -- South America -- Chile
- Indigenous peoples -- South America -- Peru
- Institute of Andean Research (New York, N.Y.)
- Pottery -- Costa Rica
- Pottery -- Nicaragua
- Lothrop, Samuel K. Papers 1915-1962: A Finding Aid
- Peabody Museum Archives
- EAD ID
Part of the Peabody Museum Archives Repository
The Peabody Museum Archives contains primary source materials that reflect the Museum’s archaeological and ethnographic research and fieldwork since its founding in 1866. Archival collections contain photographs, documents, papers, and records of enduring value that were created or collected by the Museum, its individual affiliates, or other related entities. The collections also document the history or provenience, as well as the creation of many of the Museum’s artifact collections. To learn more about research visits at the Peabody Museum, please see https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/research-visits.
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