David I. Bushnell, Jr. collection records
Scope and Contents
- Bushnell, David I. (David Ives) (Person)
Extent2.25 linear feet
Never formally trained as an anthropologist, David I. Bushnell Jr. enjoyed a wide range of interests in the field of anthropology, archaeology and ethnography. Bushnell extensively photographed his numerous expeditions, many of which resulted in the publications he produced throughout his life.
Schooled in St. Louis and later in Europe, Bushnell was never a student at Harvard University, but was associated with the University from 1901-1904 as an archaeological assistant at the Peabody Museum. He was later appointed as an editor at the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) where he remained from 1912-1921. His widespread interests and his reputation as a scholar and collector began in 1899 when Bushnell embarked on his first anthropological expedition to Northern Minnesota where he observed and recorded life among the Chippewa and Ojibwa as well as participated in an archaeological excavation at Mille Lac. In 1902, he studied saltmaking at Kimmswick in southern Missouri.
In 1904, Bushnell excavated at the Cahokia Mounds. That same year, he also took a trip with his mother to Europe and documented North American ethnographic material housed in European collections and museums. While in Switzerland, he excavated and collected specimens from peat bogs. He returned to Charlottesville, Virginia in 1907 and was hired as a contributor to the Handbook of American Indians. He continued his anthropological investigations in 1908-1909 to study the Choctaw in Louisiana, and later returned to the area in 1917-1918. In the decades to follow, Bushnell devoted much of his time to excavations in Virginia, specifically in the James and Rappahannock Valleys, as well as to documenting soapstone quarries in the region.
Source: PM Photographic Archives Bushnell Collection Finding Aid
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Until recently, the manuscript and photographic material were stored together and were largely uncatalogued and underutilized. The artifact material was inventoried by Collections Department Assistant Dr. Penny Drooker in 1995. In the fall of 1996, Ellie Swain, Research Assistant in the PM, began working on the Bushnell Collection under the guidance of Maranne McDade, Curatorial Associate in the Photographic Archives.
The project involved the separation of the photographic material from the manuscript material for cataloguing and preservation purposes. As the collection covered all aspects of Bushnell's professional and personal interests, extensive research of Bushnell's published material and archaeological field notes, as well as comprehensive review of the photographic holdings was required. In addition, careful attention was paid to maintaining the relationship between the photographs and the written material. Much of the manuscript material was described at the item level to enable curators to identify all the artifacts during cataloguing.
Once the photographic materials were catalogued, the manuscript and publication materials were transferred to the Archives.
- Art dealers -- Correspondence
- Artists -- United States
- Batz, Alexandre de
- Catlin, George, 1796-1872
- Choctaw (culture or style)
- Choctaw language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc.
- Eastman, Seth
- Ethnography -- Saint Tammany Parish (La.) -- Lacombe (La.) -- Twentieth century
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Mitchell Mounds (Ill.)
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Mounds -- Forest Park (Ill.)
- Excavations (Archaeology) -- Mounds -- Leavell Farm Site (Va.)
- Field notes
- Five Civilized Tribes
- Folsom points
- Hopi (culture or style)
- Indigenous peoples -- Alaska
- Indigenous peoples -- California
- Indigenous peoples -- Material culture
- Indigenous peoples -- Northwest Coast of North America
- Indigenous peoples -- Virginia
- Kane, Paul
- Kern, Edward Meyer
- Krieghoff, Cornelius
- Le Moyne de Morgues, Jacques
- Mounds -- United States
- Native American
- Ojibwa (culture or style)
- Ojibwa language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc.
- Paintings -- Indigenous peoples -- United States -- Correspondence
- Photography Plates
- Pomarede, Leon, c1807-1892
- Salt industry and trade -- Mississippi River Valley
- Stanley, John Mix
- Virginia -- Indigenous peoples -- River settlements
- Wimar, Carl, 1828-1862
- Bushnell, David Ives, Jr. (1875-1941) Collection Records, 1845-1942: A Finding Aid
- Peabody Museum Archives
- EAD ID
Part of the Peabody Museum Archives Repository
The Peabody Museum Archives contains primary source materials that reflect the Museum’s archaeological and ethnographic research and fieldwork since its founding in 1866. Archival collections contain photographs, documents, papers, and records of enduring value that were created or collected by the Museum, its individual affiliates, or other related entities. The collections also document the history or provenience, as well as the creation of many of the Museum’s artifact collections. To learn more about research visits at the Peabody Museum, please see https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/research-visits.
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