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COLLECTION Identifier: HOLLIS 601645

James McCauley Landis collection of United States Security and Exchange Commission Records

Contents relate to Landis' activities as a member and subsequent chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (1934-1947), Landis as dean of Harvard Law School (1937-1946), the U.S. Emergency Board (Carriers and Employees, 1938), and Landis as a trial examiner for the U.S. Dept. of Labor in the deportation case of Harry Bridges (1939).

Dates

  • 1924-1945.

Conditions Governing Access

Access to these papers is governed by the rules and regulations of the Harvard Law School Library. This collection is open to the public, but is housed off-site at Harvard Depository and requires 2-day advance notice for retrieval. Consult the Special Collections staff for further information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Harvard Law School Library holds copyright on some, but not all, of the material in our collections. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be directed to the Historical & Special Collections staff. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Harvard Law School Library are also responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations who hold copyright. Literary rights in the unpublished writings of James McCauley Landis in these Papers and in other collections in the custody of the Harvard Law School Library rest with the heirs of James McCauley Landis and/or his assignees.

Extent

26 boxes (4 Paige boxes)

The materials in the Papers of James McCauley Landis span the years 1924 to 1945. A small group of research materials covers U.S. Supreme Court decisions going back to the year 1790.

The collection includes correspondence, both incoming letters and carbons of letters sent; drafts of writings; reports; research notes; legislative documents; legal documents; printed items; newspaper clippings.

The major portion of this material relates to James M. Landis' service in three governmental bodies, namely (a) his activities as a member and subsequent chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission between 1934 and 1937; (b) his participation, as a member of the U.S. Emergency Board (carriers and employees, 1938), in the drafting of a report on the wage controversy between railroad management and labor during the 1938 railway strike; and (c) his work as a special trial examiner for the U.S. Department of Labor in the deportation case of Harry R. Bridges in the fall of 1939 ( BRIDGES v. CALIFORNIA 14 Calif. 2d 464). Three boxes of material from the Bretton Woods conference were added to the collection in 2012. This material was found along with additonal SEC documents in 2012.

There is also a small group of miscellany, of which a group of letters written by JML to Jean P. Smith between 1924 and 1927 (and excerpted by the recipient) is of biographical interest; the replies to these letters are not included. The Papers contain two folders of correspondence with Sam Rayburn and two folders of correspondence with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President of the United States. There is also a small folder of correspondence between Landis in his capacity as dean with Charles C. Burlingham, prominent New York City attorney and member of the Harvard Law School Visiting Committee between 1937 and 1945. Otherwise there are no extensive correspondence series in these Papers.

The bulk of the Landis Papers was deposited with the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.

Historical/Biographical Information

  • September 25, 1899

    born Tokyo, Japan

    son of Henry More and Emma Marie (Stiefler) L.



  • 1914-1916 student Mercersburg Adademy
  • 1921 A.B. Princeton
  • 1924 LL.B. Harvard
  • 1925 S.J.D. Harvard
  • c. 1926 LL.D. Fouad University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Aug. 28, 1926 married. Stella Galloway McGehee



    children - Stella Ann, Ellen McGehee



  • July 3, 1948 married 2d, Dorothy Purdy Brown
  • 1925 Law clerk to Justice Brandeis, U.S. Supreme Court
  • 1926-1928 Assistant Prof. of law, Harvard
  • 1928-1934 prof. legislation
  • 1933-1934 Member, Federal Trade Commission
  • 1934-1937 Member, Securities and Exchange Commission

    (chairman 1935-1937)



  • 1937-1946 Dean, Harvard Law School
  • 1931 Member, Commission on Uniform State Laws, Massachusetts
  • 1937 Member, National Power Policy Commission
  • 1938 Member, President's Emergency Board on National Railway Strike
  • 1939 Special trail examiner, U.S. Department of Labor
  • 1940 Consultant to Advisory Commissioner, Counsel of National Defense
  • 1941 Consultant, War Department
  • 1941-1942 Regional Director, U.S. Office of Civilian Defense
  • 1942-1943 Director, U.S. Office of Civilian Defense
  • 1943-1945 Director of American Economic Operations and Minister to Middle East
  • 1946-1947 Chairman, Civil Aeronautics Board
  • 1947 Chairman, President's Special Board on Air Safety
  • 1960 Special Assistant to President-elect Kennedy
  • July 30, 1964 died
  • unknown Awarded Medal of Merit; Order of Leopold (Belgium)

Editor: Selected readings on the law of contracts, 1931.



Author:

  1. (withFelix Frankfurter) The business of the Supreme Court, 1927
  2. Cases on labor law, 1934; 2d ed., 1942
  3. The administrative process, 1938
  4. The surrender of King Leopold (with Joseph P. Kennedy), 1950

Series List/Description

  1. Series I. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION(SEC)
  2. Series II. U. S. EMERGENCY BOARD (CARRIERS AND EMPLOYEES), 1938 1938
  3. Series III. BRIDGES CASE (BRIDGES v.CALIFORNIA)
  4. Series IV. MISCELLANY
  5. Series V. SEC ADDENDA: CORRESPONDENCE
  6. Series VI. SEC ADDENDA: RESEARCH
  7. Series VII. SEC ADDENDA: MISCELLANY
  8. Series VIII. SEC ADDENDA: PAMPHLETS
  9. Series IX. SEC ADDENDA: ALPHABETICAL FILES
  10. Series X. DOCUMENTS FROM THE 1944 BRETTON WOODS CONFERENCE.OFFICIALLY KNOWN AT THE UNITED NATIONS MONETARY AND FINANCIALCONFERENCE
  11. PAIGE BOXES
Within each series and/or subseries individual items or folders are identified by box and folder number. For example, the number 5-12 corresponds to box 5, folder 12.

Physical Location

Harvard Depository

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Papers of James McCauley Landis (1899-1964) were transferred to the Harvard Law School Library on August 28, 1946. No record of this transfer exists, but it is assumed that these files were left behing by Landis when he resigned the Harvard Law School deanship in 1946. A small group of letters written by JML to Jean P. Smith between 1924 and 1927 (and excerpted by the recipient) was given to the Library by Miss Smith in 1972 (see case file).

An additinal group of 5 boxes was discovered in 2012. Most of the material in these boxes was created during Landis' time working for the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. In addition, there is material from the Bretton Woods Conference (officially known at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference) dating to 1944.

Related Materials

Records related to Landis's servce as Dean of Harvard Law School may be found in, Harvard Law School, Office of the Dean. Records of the Office of the Dean, 1910-1982. HOLLIS 000604043. THis collection is held by the Harvard University Archives.

PAIGE BOXES

Paige Box 1 SEC General (Looseleaf Binders)
  1. A) General rules andregulations, Securities Exchange Act of 1934
  2. B) Generalrules and regulations, Securities Exchange Act of 1933; releases fromJune, 1939 to April, 1941
  3. C) Cumulative supplement No. 1to general rules and regulations under the Public Utility HoldingCompany Act of 1935
  4. (4) 2 Binders on FederalIncorporation. One is labeled "Part 1 - Notes & Appendix", theother "Part 1 - "Text". Binders contain carbon copies of informationthat was presumably disseminated to members of a committee, of whichLandis seems to be a member.

Processing Information

Processed by Erika S. Chadbourn, March 1973.

Series IX and X processed in January 2013 by Edwin Moloy.
Link to catalog
Title
Landis, James McCauley, 1899-1964. James Landis collection of United States Security and Exchange Commission Records.
Author
Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA 02138
EAD ID
law00025

Repository Details

Part of the Harvard Law School Library, Historical & Special Collections Repository

Harvard Law School Library's Historical & Special Collections (HSC) collects, preserves, and makes available research materials for the study of the law and legal history. HSC holds over 8,000 linear feet of manuscripts, over 100,000 rare books, and more than 70,000 visual images.

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