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COLLECTION Identifier: HOLLIS 601652

Eleanor T. and Sheldon Glueck papers

Overview

Collection consists of the papers of Eleanor T. and Sheldon Glueck relating chiefly to their research and writing on delinquency in adults and juveniles, and to their work for Basic Research into the Causes, Treatment and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, a project of Harvard Law School which Sheldon Glueck directed from 1925 and with which Eleanor Glueck was associated from 1930-1972. Also includes material relating to professional organizations with which they were associated, studies for the New York City Youth Board and District of Columbia Commissioners' Youth Council, correspondence with individuals and institutions relating to grants and fundraising for their projects, Eleanor Glueck's diary (1960) of a lecture tour of Japan, and biographical and family papers, including some relating to their daughter, Anitra Joyce (Glueck) Rosberg.

Dates

  • 1911 - 1972

Conditions Governing Access

Access to these papers is governed by the rules and regulations of the Harvard Law School Library. This collection is open to the public, but is housed off-site at Harvard Depository and requires 2 business-day advance notice for retrieval. Consult the Special Collections staff for further information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Harvard Law School Library holds copyright on some, but not all, of the material in our collections. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be directed to the Special Collections staff. Researchers who obtain permission to publish from the Harvard Law School Library are also responsible for identifying and contacting the persons or organizations who hold copyright.

Extent

98 boxes
The 30,000 items in the joint papers of Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck span the years 1911 to 1972.

The collection includes correspondence; diaries; memoranda; minutes of meetings; reports; tables; index cards; notes; telegrams; bibliographies; outlines; press releases; manuscripts and drafts of published and unpublished writings, in typed and handwritten form; newspaper clippings and other printed items; photographs; and memorabilia.

The bulk of the joint papers of Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck relates to their research and writing in the field of delinquency and to their Harvard Law School project, Basic Research into the Causes, Treatment and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, of which Sheldon Glueck was the Director since 1925, and of which Eleanor T. Glueck was a research assistant (1930-1953), research associate (1953-1972), and a co-director (1966-1972).

Beginning with the so-called Harvard Law School Crime Survey of the late 1920's, in which both Professor and Mrs. Glueck participated, the Gluecks pursued their studies of certain initial groups of delinquent men and women at definite chronological intervals. Later on, they began studying groups of young boys, matching delinquents against non-delinquents of similar intelligence and from similar backgrounds. Out of these various studies grew the major portion of their writings, in book, journal article and speech form. The Glueck Bibliography lists 311 entries.

The eight Series on the Gluecks' writings in these papers comprise the titles of their most important books and some of their landmark articles and speeches. Included are outlines; drafts and manuscripts of these writings; near-print copies; correspondence regarding publication matters; publicity items; fan mail; reviews; critiques; bibliographies; inquiries and requests; statistical tables; case files; and lists. The period covered by these Series is 1922 to 1972.

Another group of Series includes material relating to the Gluecks' specific studies in the field of prediction of delinquent behavior, and their resultant prediction tables. These Series comprise correspondence relating to these studies and findings; correspondence relating to similar studies by others; plans for future projects and writings; and specific long-range studies and replications, based on the Gluecks' prediction tables and research, done by the following: the New York City Youth Board, the District of Columbia Commissioners' Youth Council, and replications undertaken in Italy, Japan, and the Philippines. The period covered by these Series is the 1950's and 1960's.

Another major part of these joint papers relates to the Gluecks' membership and participation in professional associations, organization, congresses, local meetings, and seminars. Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck were active in both American and international associations which were concerned with mental illness and mental health, social welfare, child psychiatry, delinquency, crime, and penal law. They regularly attended conferences and congresses held in the United States and abroad. Included in this group are manuscripts of papers read individually or jointly by the Gluecks, correspondence, and agenda of meetings. The folders for the American Society of Criminology include material on the presentation of the August Vollmer Award which the Gluecks received jointly at the annual meeting of the Society in 1961. Folders in this Series cover the 1940's, 1950's and 1960's.

The Correspondence Series covers general professional correspondence with individuals and institutions in the United States and abroad; there is, in addition, correspondence with foundations and other fundraising sources which were actively supporting the Gluecks' researches or those which were being solicited for grants by the Gluecks. The foreign correspondence includes a large number of folders relating to arrangements for the Gluecks' lecture trip to Japan, May 28 to July 2, 1960; Mrs. Glueck's original diary of this trip; and publication matters, mailings lists and fan mail concerning the diary. One of the correspondence folders on Germany includes material on the awarding of the Beccaria gold medal to the Gluecks jointly by the German Criminologic Society at a meeting of the Society in Frankfurt, Germany, in December of 1964. The period for the three Correspondence Series runs from the 1940's through the 1960's.

The Gluecks' joint papers also include a certain amount of biographical material. The Biographical-Professional Series contains material relating to their research and writings in general, such as articles and comments by the Gluecks themselves about their work, interviews with the Gluecks by others, articles about their research by others, and references to them in the work of others. There is a certain amount of peripheral material also, such as general inquiries and requests, lists of book dedications, and materials relating to exhibits on their work prepared by the Harvard Law School in 1961 and 1966, respectively.

The Biographical-Personal Series relates to Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck jointly, to Eleanor T. Glueck individually, and to their daughter Anitra Joyce Glueck Rosberg (1924-1956). Included are genealogical items relating to the Glueck and Touroff families; travel and other mementos of the Gluecks; school, college and graduate school items of Eleanor T. Glueck; and a large group of published and unpublished manuscripts of Anitra Joyce Glueck. The latter include manuscripts of all the poems that are included in the four published volumes of poetry of Anitra Joyce Glueck. Also included are diplomas and other awards, and the three memorial books relating to Mrs. Gluecks' death in September 1972.

Correspondence in the Gluecks' joint papers includes both letters received and carbons of letters sent. Among the Gluecks' correspondents were: Haruo Abe; Robert G. Andry; Bernard Baruch; Augusta Bonnard; Francisco Canestri; Maude Craig; George A. De Vos; Eli Whitney Debevoise; Benigno Di Tullio; Israel Drapkin; Hermann Elmering; Franco Ferracuti; Selma J. Glick; Bernard Glueck, Sr.; Bernard Glueck, Jr.; Hans Göppinger; Erwin N. Griswold; Alan D. Haas; Klaus Hartmann; George Heuyer; John Holmes; William C. Kvaraceus; Richard A. LaBrie; Louis Le Maire; Jacques Leaute; Arthur T. Lyman; Hermann Mannheim; Wolf Middendorff; Daniel P. Moynihan; Nathan M. Pusey; David Reifen; Paul Rush; Charles W. Slack; Downing C. Tait, Jr.; Juhei Takeuchi; Nathan B. Talbot; Tokuhiro Tatezawa; Richard E. Thompson; Nina B. (Smith) Trevvett; George E. Vaillant; Muriel L. (Berkeley) Van Dusen; Maurice Verdun; Miroslav Veverka; Karel Vitek; Kurt Weis; Preben Wolf; and Marvin E. Wolfgang.

Material relating to Sheldon Glueck's research, lectures and writing as a teacher and member of the Harvard Law School Faculty, and other professional work undertaken by him individually, will be found in the SHELDON GLUECK PAPERS in the Manuscript Division of the Harvard Law School Library. This collection was presented to the Library as a separate unit. This group of papers also contains biographical-personal material on Sheldon Glueck.

Historical/Biographical Information

Glueck, Sheldon, criminologist, law professor, scholar, author.

b. Warsaw, Poland, August 15, 1896.

s. Charles and Anna (Steinhardt) Glueck.

Brought to U.S. in 1903

Student, Georgetown University Law School

A.B., George Washington University, 1920; S.S.D., 1963.

LL.B., LL.M., National University Law School, 1920.

Student, Harvard Law School, 1926.

A.M., Harvard, 1922; Ph.D., 1924; Sc.D., 1958.

LL.D., University of Thessaloniki (Greece), 1948.

m. Eleanor Touroff, April 16, 1922 (dec.); daughter Anitra Joyce Rosberg (dec.)

Instructor, criminology and penology, Dept. of Social Ethics, Harvard, 1925-1929; assistant professor, criminology, Law School, 1929-1931; professor, 1931-1950; Lowell lecturer, 1935; Roscoe Pound Professor of Law, 1950-1963; emeritus, 1963-

Director, Basic researches into causes, management and prevention of juvenile delinquency, 1925-

Board of advisors, Psychiatry and the Law Foundation.

Official delegate of the U.S. Government to International Prison Congress, Prague, 1930; Paris, 1950.

Member, Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure, U.S. Supreme Court; American Law Institute, for Youth Correction Authority, for the Model Penal Code.

Adviser to Justice Robert H. Jackson on law governing War Crimes criminals.

Board of Overseers, Brandeis University Center for the Study of Violence.

Served with A.E.F., World War I.

Recipient, Isaac Ray award, American Psychiatric Association, 1961; (with wife) August Vollmer award, American Society of Criminology, 1961; Gold medal, Institute of Criminal Anthropology, Rome (Italy), 1964; Beccaria Gold medal, German Society of Criminology, 1964.

Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; American Psychiatric Association (hon.); International Academy of Law and Science.

Member, American Society of Criminology (past vice-president), American Bar Association (Juvenile delinquency committee), N.Y. State Bar.

Author:
  1. Mental Disorder and the Criminal Law, 1925.
  2. Crime and Justice, 1945.
  3. The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War, 1946.
  4. Crime and Correction: Selected Papers, 1952.
  5. Law and Psychiatry: Cold War or Entente Cordiale? 1962.
Author (with Eleanor T. Glueck):
  1. 500 Criminal Careers, 1930.
  2. Five Hundred Delinquent Women, 1934.
  3. One Thousand Juvenile Delinquents, 1934.
  4. Later Criminal Careers, 1937.
  5. Criminal Careers in Retrospect, 1943.
  6. After-Conduct of Discharged Offenders, 1945.
  7. Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency, 1950.
  8. Delinquents in the Making, 1952.
  9. Physique and Delinquency, 1956.
  10. Predicting Delinquency and Crime, 1959.
  11. Family Environment and Delinquency, 1962.
  12. Ventures in Criminology, 1964.
  13. Delinquents and Nondelinquents in Perspective, 1968.
  14. Toward a Typology of Juvenile Offenders: Implications for Therapy and Prevention, 1970.
Author (with Livingston Hall):
  1. Cases and Materials on Criminal Law, 1940.
  2. Cases on Criminal Law and its Enforcement, 1951; 2nd ed. 1958.
Editor:
  1. The Welfare State and the National Welfare, 1952.
  2. The Problem of Delinquency, 1958.
  3. Roscoe Pound and Criminal Justice, 1965.
Co-editor:
  1. Preventing Crime, 1936.
  2. Identification of Predelinquents, 1972.
Member of editorial board:
  1. Federal Probation
  2. International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Consulting editor: Community Mental Health Journal

Contributor to numerous professional journals.

Author of various dramatic and other literary writings.

Glueck, Eleanor Touroff, research criminologist, author.

b. New York, NY, April 12, 1898.

s. Bernard Leo and Anna (Wodzislawski) Touroff.

Diploma, Hunter College High School, New York, NY, 1916.

A.B., Barnard College, 1920.

Ed.M., Harvard, 1923; Ed.D., 1925; Sc.D., 1958.

m. Sheldon Glueck, April 16, 1922; daughter Anitra Joyce Glueck Rosberg (dec.).

Engaged in research in criminology, Department of Social Ethics, Harvard University, 1925-1928; research assistant, Harvard Law School Crime Survey, 1928-1930; research assistant in criminology, Harvard Law School, 1930-1953; research associate in criminology, 1953-1972; special studies in delinquency, an co-director of the program Research into the Causes, Treatment and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, 1966-1972.

Trustee, executive committee, Judge Baker Guidance Center.

Recipient (with husband) August Vollmer award, American Society of Criminology, 1961; Beccaria gold medal, German Criminological Society, 1964; gold medal, Institute of Criminological Anthropology, University of Rome, Italy, 1964.

Fellow, American Society of Arts and Sciences.

Member, American Society of Criminology, National Association of Social Workers, Massachusetts Conference on Social Welfare, Massachusetts Social Hygiene Society, International Society of Criminology, League of Women Voters (Cambridge), and others.

Author:
  1. Community Use of Schools, 1927.
  2. The Gluecks' Adventure in Japan, 1962.
Author: (with Sheldon Glueck)
  1. 500 Criminal Careers, 1930.
  2. Five Hundred Delinquent Women, 1934.
  3. One Thousand Juvenile Delinquents, 1934.
  4. Later Criminal Careers, 1937.
  5. Criminal Careers in Retrospect, 1943.
  6. After-Conduct of Discharged Offenders, 1945.
  7. Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency, 1950.
  8. Delinquents in the Making, 1952.
  9. Physique and Delinquency, 1956.
  10. Predicting Delinquency and Crime, 1959.
  11. Family Environment and Delinquency, 1962.
  12. Ventures in Criminology, 1964.
  13. Delinquents and Nondelinquents in Perspective, 1968.
  14. Toward a Typology of Juvenile Offenders: Implications for Therapy and Prevention, 1970.
Co-editor:
  1. Preventing Crime, 1936.
  2. Identification of Predelinquents, 1972.
Advisor, editorial board, International Journal of Social Psychiatry.

Consultant, editorial board, Psychiatric Opinion.

Contributor to numerous professional journals.

d. September 25, 1972.

Series List

  1. Series I. Biographical - Personal

    This Series consist of items relating to the various members of the Glueck family. It includes material from Eleanor Touroff Glueck's pre-college, college and graduate school years, official documents such as diplomas and special recognitions, correspondence relating to Eleanor Glueck's participation in alumnae affairs, photos, and the memorial books containing newspapers clippings and letters of sympathy received upon her death. This material covers the years 1911 to 1972.

    The group of materials relating to Anitra Joyce Glueck Rosberg consists mainly of manuscripts of her writings in handwritten, typed, galley, and near-print form. There is a small amount of material relating to her school and college days, to her death, and to the various memorials dedicated to her memory by her parents. The period covered is 1934 to 1970.

    Joint material of the Glueck family consists mainly of letters, greetings and mementos received from relatives and close friends; memoranda, photos and other material relating to Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck's trips, particularly their annual summer trips; and a small amount of correspondence and pictorial material relating to members of the Glueck and Touroff families other than Sheldon, Eleanor and Anitra Joyce. Material starts with the early 1900's and continues through 1971.

    Biographical material relating to Sheldon Glueck individually may be found in the SHELDON GLUECK PAPERS in the Manuscript Division of the Harvard Law School Library.

  2. Series II. Biographical - Professional

    This Series contains mainly general material relating to the Gluecks' research and writings. Included are articles about and references to their work, the text of interviews of them, book reviews by others of Gluecks' writings, summations and descriptions by the Gluecks themselves of their own work, invitations for them to participate in conferences either as observers or speakers, invitations to deliver lectures, inquiries into general aspects of their research, and requests to quote from their works or to use their records.

    Correspondence in this Series includes incoming letters and carbons of letters sent. Material covers the period from the middle 1920's to 1972. For correspondence relating to specific fields of the Gluecks' research or specific works, see the subsequent Series.

  3. Series III. Writings: Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency (1950)

    Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency, by Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck. Foreword by Erwin N. Griswold. New York, The Commonwealth Fund, 1950. Harvard Law School. Studies in Criminology. (Glueck Bibliography #138).

    According to the Gluecks' own sub-title for this Series, this group of materials presents "a diary of the research project indicating steps taken in its formulation and conduct." The last group in this Series consists of post-publication items such as reviews, critiques, "fan" mail, inquiries, requests for permission to quote, and immediate follow-up studies. The Series includes correspondence, both incoming and outgoing; tables; statistics; case files; bibliographies; and miscellaneous lists.

  4. Series IV. Writings: Delinquents and Nondelinquents in Perspective (1968)

    Delinquents and Nondelinquents in Perspective, by Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1968. (Glueck Bibliography #298)

    This Series includes drafts of the MS in various stages, final version in typed form, correspondence with publisher, and post-publication items.

  5. Series V. Writings: Toward a Typology of Delinquents (1968)

    Toward a Typology of Delinquents, by Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck. A Report to the National Institute of Mental Health, 1968 (multigraphed). (Glueck Bibliography #299)

    Folders in this Series include the typed MS and fragments of early drafts. There is a small amount of correspondence relating to the plans for the study and correspondence concerning the report.

  6. Series VI. Writings: Toward a Typology of Juvenile Offenders: Implications for Therapy and Prevention (1970)

    Toward a Typology of Juvenile Offenders: Implications for Therapy and Prevention, by Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck. Forewords by Alex Inkeles, George E. Gardner, M.D., Gerald Caplan, M.D. New York, Grune & Stratton, 1970. (Glueck Bibliography #305)

  7. Series VII. Writings: Identification of Predelinquents: Validation Studies and Some Suggested Uses of the Glueck Table (1972)

    Identification of Predelinquents: Validation Studies and Some Suggested Uses of the Glueck Table. Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck, editors. New York, Intercontinental Medical Book Corporation, 1972. (Glueck Bibliography #309)

    This Series consists of general miscellany regarding publication.

  8. Series VIII. Writings: Books (Miscellany)

    This Series includes complete and partial manuscripts of books other than those in Series III through VII; correspondence regarding publication matters; research items; book reviews; and fan mail. There is a small amount of correspondence relating to the translation of specific titles.

  9. Series IX. Writings: Articles, Speeches, Etc.

    This group of papers includes both published and unpublished papers and occasional writings and speeches of Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck; correspondence relating to the presentation of such papers; publication matters; research notes; bibliographies; publicity items; and fan mail. Manuscripts are in draft and final typed form. For published manuscripts the Glueck Bibliography number has been added in each instance.

    The last part of this Series relates to correspondence with certain professional journals over extended periods of time. Period covered by this Series is 1922 to 1969. For articles, speeches and book reviews of Sheldon Glueck individually, see the SHELDON GLUECK PAPERS in the Manuscripts Division of the Harvard Law School Library.

  10. Series X. Writings: Translations

    This small group of materials consists of general correspondence relating to the translation of the Gluecks' writings, and to the translation of some specific titles. The period covered is the 1950's and 1960's.

  11. Series XI. Prediction: Research, Correspondence, Application, Validation

    As an outgrowth of their studies of both adult and juvenile delinquents, the Gluecks developed so-called prediction tables and other types of forecasting devices which would aid in recognizing potential delinquents in early life.

    This Series includes some of the Gluecks' research material on prediction; correspondence from individuals, organizations and agencies who were interested in the Gluecks' research and findings and who planned to use the Gluecks' tables and devices; correspondence from individuals, professional groups and private social or public agencies who had made use of the Glueck devices and who were prepared to share or make public their validations; critiques of the Glueck tables and findings; plans for future publications on prediction; and various miscellany.

    The period covered is the 1950's and 1960's, beginning roughly with the publication of Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency (1950). Correspondence includes letters received and carbons of letters sent.

  12. Series XII. New York City Youth Board Projects

    The New York City Youth Board was one of the agencies in this country that made use of the Gluecks' prediction tables and other devices. One particular school in the city was chosen for an initial pilot study, and subsequent studies developed out of the initial one. This Series maintains the chronological sequence of these studies. Included are correspondence; published and unpublished reports; memoranda of meetings; tables; manuscripts; and critiques. The period covered is 1952 to 1965.

  13. Series XIII. District of Columbia Commissioners' Youth Council: Maximum Benefits Study

    The program called the "Maximum Benefits Project" of the District of Columbia's Commissioners' Youth Council was started in September 1954 under the sponsorship of a Council Committee whose members were the heads of the departments serving children. The project sought to determine the amount and the kind of special services required to meet the needs of all elementary school children in the District and to study the effect of such special services on the prevention of juvenile delinquency. The Council Committee made use of the Gluecks' prediction tables and findings in its study.

    Material in this Series is arranged in chronological sequence. It includes correspondence, tables, reports, and memoranda, and it covers the period 1953 to 1964.

  14. Series XIV. Replications: Others

    Correspondence in this Series relates to the application of the Glueck methods, as used in Boston and summarized in Unraveling Juvenile Delinquency, to other countries. Current material on Puerto Rico was being kept in Sheldon Glueck's active office files when this Finding Aid was written.

  15. Series XV. Membership and Participation in Professional Associations, Organizations, Congresses, Etc.

    This Series relates to the Gluecks' professional activities other than their research and writing. Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck were active in both American and international associations which were concerned with mental illness and mental health, social welfare, child psychiatry, delinquency, crime, and penal law, and they regularly attended conferences and congresses devoted to these subjects both in this country and abroad.

    The Series includes correspondence; agenda of meetings and congresses; newspaper clippings; manuscripts of papers read by the Gluecks individually or jointly; photos; and other memorabilia. The period covered is primarily the 1950's and 1960's, although there is a small group of material relating to Eleanor T. Glueck's membership in professional organizations in the 1940's.

    Arrangement is alphabetical within each sub-series.

  16. Series XVI. General Correspondence - U.S.

    The correspondence in this Series is of a general professional nature. It includes exchanges with professional colleagues, co-workers, state and local agencies, and academic departments of Harvard University; it also includes general inquiries and requests. The period covered is mainly the 1960's, with a scattering of earlier and later items.

    Correspondence relating to specific aspects of the Gluecks' research and writing will be found in the appropriate Series. For correspondence of Professor Glueck individually see THE SHELDON GLUECK PAPERS in the Manuscript Division of the Harvard Law School Library.

  17. Series XVII. General Correspondence - Foreign

    Correspondence in this Series is arranged alphabetically by country. It consists mainly of exchanges between the Gluecks and their professional counterparts abroad who were engaged in research similar to the Gluecks.

    Folders include a certain amount of non-professional material such as postcards from friends who attended international congresses in which the Gluecks did not participate and photos. Also included is correspondence regarding arrangements for meetings at which the Gluecks received special honors or awards, or at which they read papers. There is a large group of papers relating to their trip to Japan in 1960, arrangements before and during their trip, lecture schedules, and publication matters regarding Eleanor T. Glueck's diary of this trip.

    The period covered in this Series is mainly the late 1950's and the 1960's.

  18. Series XVIII. Correspondence Regarding Fundraising

    Correspondence in this Series is with individuals, foundations, public and private agencies, and miscellaneous fund sources. There is a small group of general material such as lists of names of possible fund sources, donor lists, form letters, and financial matters. The period covered is the 1930's through the 1960's.

Physical Location

Harvard Depository

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers of Sheldon and Eleanor T. Glueck relating to their joint research into the causes, treatment and prevention of crime and delinquency were presented to the Harvard Law School on June 10, 1970 as a gift by Professor and Mrs. Glueck.

Processing Information

Prepared by Erika S. Chadbourn, assisted by Annie Campbell, March 1974.
Link to catalog
Title
Glueck, Eleanor T. and Sheldon. Papers, 1911-1972: Finding Aid.
Author
Harvard Law School Library Cambridge, MA 02138
EAD ID
law00108

Repository Details

Part of the Harvard Law School Library, Historical & Special Collections Repository

Harvard Law School Library's Historical & Special Collections (HSC) collects, preserves, and makes available research materials for the study of the law and legal history. HSC holds over 8,000 linear feet of manuscripts, over 100,000 rare books, and more than 70,000 visual images.

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