Andrew L. Kaufman research notes and materials for the biography of Bernjamin Cardozo
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
1 collection (10 linear feet in 22 boxes.)
Some of the material consists of copies of correspondence that was either copied by hand or reproduced from dictation into a tape recorded because of restrictions placed on the author by the then owner of the documents. A current researcher should consult the original if they have become available. Cardozo's memoranda to his colleagues, which were made available to the author by the Court of Appeals, but only for note taking, are now available to scholars in the New York State Archives.
Kaufman is the Charles Stebbins Fairchild Professor of Law at Harvard Law School. Past appointments include: Lecturer on Law, 1965; Professor of Law, 1966; and Associate Dean, 1986-1989. Kaufman received an A.B. from Harvard University in 1951 and his LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1954. His research interests are Constitutional Law and Professional Ethics. Other publications include Commercial Law, with V. Countryman and Z. Wiseman, 2d ed. (Little, Brown, 1989); Problems in Professional Responsibility, 3d ed. (Little, Brown, 1989).
- Series I. Professional Career This series is broken down into four subseries, each representinga stage in Cardozo's career.
- ___Subseries A. Private Practice, 1891-19141891-1914Cardozopracticed law with his brother, Albert Jr., in New York City aftergraduating from Columbia University.
- ___SubseriesB. Associate Justice, Supreme Court of New York, 1914-19171914-1917
- ___Subseries C. Chief Judge, New York State Court of Appeals, 1917-19321917-1932
- ___Subseries D. Associate Justice, Supreme Court of the United States, 1932-19381932-1938
- Series II. BNC Writings and Speeches
- Series III. Cardozo Correspondence
This series contains correspondence to and from Cardozo. Theletters are arranged alphabetically and are either copies ortranscriptions.
- Series IV. Cardozo Family Thisseries includes a group of material regarding Cardozo's father,Albert Sr., as well as biographical material about Cardozo andmaterial about other family members and friends of the family. Most of these documents are copies.
- ___Subseries A: Albert Cardozo, Sr.Letters are arranged alphabetically byauthor and chronologically within each authorentry.
- ___Subseries B: BNCmaterial
- ___Subseries C: CardozoFamily and Friends
- Series V. Primary Research Material Subseries A contains notes Kaufman made from interviews heconducted as part of his research. Subseries B and C contain notesKaufman took when reviewing material he gathered from variousrepositories.
- ___Subseries A. Kaufman’s original interview notes
- ___Subseries B. Notebooks containing notes andtranscriptions made by Kaufman from material in variousrepositories
- ___Subseries C. Notesand transcriptions made by Kaufman from interviews conducted by otherresearchers
- ___Subseries D. Correspondence about BNCTheseare copies or transcriptions of correspondence the subject of whichis Cardozo.
- Series VI. Additional Research material
- ___Subseries A. Published articles
- ___Subseries B. Other publishedarticles
- ___Subseries C. Correspondence to and from Kaufman
- ___Subseries D. Material created by GeorgeHellmanGeorge Hellman published a biographyof Cardozo in 1940. Kaufman reviewed some his research but should notbe held accountable to the accuracy for Hellman's research.
- Series VII Miscellaneous
Thisseries includes interview recordings on nine 7" audio reels and indexcard files kept by Kaufman during his research.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Reprocessed by Edwin Moloy in 2013.
The author, Andrew Kaufman, had an original file order that was disrupted during the initial processing of the collection in 2001. In order to re-establish the collection's original order a reprocessing project was started in 2012 and completed in 2013. The reprocessing was done in consultation with the author and every attempt was made to duplicate his original file order. Important changes include: 1) improved identification of Cardozo family material, especially that relating to Cardozo's father, Albert Cardozo, Sr.; 2) Cardozo’s work was arranged to represent each distinct phase of his professional career; and 3) consolidating as much material as possible created by George Hellman, a Cardozo biographer in the 1930s. While the resulting finding aid better reflects the overall original order it should be noted that a completely accurate reproduction was not achieved. No material was removed during this project.
Kaufman was careful to identify the source of secondary material as often as possible. To do so, he used abbreviations for a repository on his notes. The following is a list of these abbreviations for some of the primary collections used by Kaufman.
- AJA – American Jewish Archives
- C/CC – Columbia Cardozo Collection
- C/OH -- ColumbiaOral History
- HLS – Harvard Law School
- LC(LOC) – Library of Congress
- NYCBA – New York City BarAssociation
- RWA – Radcliffe WomansArchive
- Kaufman, Andrew L. Research notes and materials for the biography of Benjamin Cardozo 1898 - 1998: Finding Aid.
- Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA 02138
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