American Soldier in WWII subject index and codebooks
- circa 1950s
Extent1.9 cubic feet (4 document boxes, 1 half-record carton)
Historical note on the Research Branch of the War Department’s Information and Education Division
Stouffer and his research team conducted over 600,000 interviews with soldiers gathering data on the attitudes, emotions, and conduct of military men who were involved in the war and afterward returning to civilian life. Examined was the importance of morale, group cohesion, and military performance. Also surveyed was the relationship between attitudes and sociocultural settings, including ideologies, the status characteristics of individuals, military status, and military experience. Two prominent examples of the use of the data to influence public policies were the development of the Army’s point system for demobilization and the desegregation of the armed services in the 1950s. Moreover, the survey responses led the military to establish the Expert and Combat Infantrymen’s Badge, revise pay scales, influence what appeared in various publications including Yank, the Army Weekly, Stars & Stripes, and Frank Capra’s Why We Fight propaganda films.
The work of the Research Branch during World War II raised the prestige of social science research after the end of the war and helped establish public opinion as an important area of scientific work. The resulting volumes were widely reviewed, used in military academies and schools, and discussed in meetings of sociological and psychological organizations. Although based on military needs, the findings of the Research Branch contained information and insights on human behavior which had a direct relevance to psychologists, educators, public relations specialists, social theoreticians, and the military policymaker during the post-war period.
- Lazarsfeld, Paul F. “The American Soldier-An Expository Review.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 13, no. 3 (Autumn, 1949) : 377-404.
- Shanas, Ethel. Review of The American Soldier: Vol. 1: Adjustment during Army Life and The American Soldier: Vol. II: Combat and Its Aftermath, by Samuel A. Stouffer. American Journal of Sociology 55, no. 6 (May, 1950) : 590-594.
- "Samuel A(ndrew) Stouffer." In Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Biography in Context (accessed September 11, 2017). http://link.galegroup.com.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/apps/doc/H1000157077/BIC1?u=camb55135
- Wikipedia contributors, "Samuel A. Stouffer," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samuel_A._Stouffer
- Williams, Jr., Robin M. “The American Soldier: An Assessment, Several Wars Later.” The Public Opinion Quarterly 53, no. 2 (Summer, 1989) : 155-174.
- Harvard University -- Sociology.
- Harvard University. Department of Social Relations
- Harvard University. Laboratory of Social Relations.
- Military morale.
- Psychology -- Methodology
- Psychology, Military
- Social psychology.
- Social sciences -- Research
- Social surveys -- United States
- Sociology, Military
- Soldiers -- United States -- Attitudes.
- Soldiers -- United States -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Social aspects -- United States
- World War, 1939-1945 -- United States -- Psychological aspects.
- American Soldier in WWII subject index and codebooks, circa 1950s: an inventory
- Description rules
- EAD ID
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