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COLLECTION Identifier: HUM 8

Papers of Samuel Williams

The Elements of Theology, 1762 Digital

The Elements of Theology, 1762 Digital Object
The Elements of Theology, 1762 Digital Object

Astronomical Lectures read in the Chapel of Harvard College at Cambridge in America, 1780-1781 Digital

Scope and Contents Lecture 1, On the certainty, usefulness and ease of mathematical science, was delivered at a Harvard assembly on May 10, 1780, and subsequently read in 1784 and 1786. This lecture is an explanation of Enlightenment ideals regarding reason, science, and the pursuit of knowledge; it was the first lecture Williams gave at Harvard as Hollis Professor. Lecture 2, On a very uncommon darkness which took place in the New England States, May 19,...
Astronomical Lectures read in the Chapel of Harvard College at Cambridge in America, 1780-1781 Digital Object
Astronomical Lectures read in the Chapel of Harvard College at Cambridge in America, 1780-1781 Digital Object

Lecture on the Motion and Phenomena of Heat as it respects the Earth, 1782 Digital

Scope and Contents First read in Boston on January 1, 1782. Subsequent readings in Cambridge in 1782, 1783, 1784, 1785, 1786, 1787 and 1788. This is a set of two lectures, one about the effects of fire and heat on various objects and fluids, and the other a general overview of the properties of physical bodies. The lectures contain numerous references to scientific instruments, notably the pyrometer, used by Williams in his experiments.
Lecture on the Motion and Phenomena of Heat as it respects the Earth, 1782 Digital Object
Lecture on the Motion and Phenomena of Heat as it respects the Earth, 1782 Digital Object

Lectures on Electricity, 1782, 1782 Digital

Scope and Contents First lecture read in Boston January 22, 1782 and subsequently in Cambridge in 1782, 1784, 1785 and 1786.

Second lecture read in Boston January 25, 1782 and subsequently in Cambridge in 1782, 1787 and 1788.
Lectures on Electricity, 1782 Digital Object
Lectures on Electricity, 1782 Digital Object

Lectures on Air, part I, 1784 Digital

Scope and Contents First lecture read on May 8, 1784 and subsequently read in 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1807 and 1808. The last two readings were presumably at the University of Vermont.

Second lecture read on May 10, 1784 and subsequently read in 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1807 and 1808. The last two readings were presumably at the University of Vermont.
Lectures on Air, part I, 1784 Digital Object
Lectures on Air, part I, 1784 Digital Object

Lectures on Air, part II, 1785 Digital

Scope and Contents First read May 20, 1785 and subsequently read in 1786, 1787, 1788, 1807 and 1808. The last two readings were presumably at the University of Vermont.
Lectures on Air, part II, 1785 Digital Object
Lectures on Air, part II, 1785 Digital Object

Lecture on Magnetism, 1788 Digital

Scope and Contents First read June 4, 1788 and subsequently read in 1807 and 1808. The last two readings were presumably at the University of Vermont. This lecture includes measurements and original observations, taken by Thomas Brattle, John Winthrop, and Williams himself, of magnetic declination of sites in the Americas.
Lecture on Magnetism, 1788 Digital Object
Lecture on Magnetism, 1788 Digital Object

Philosophical and Astronomical Lectures [Lectures on Heat and on the Aurora Borealis], ca. 1790 Digital

Scope and Contents This volume is a manuscript that appears to have never been published; it continues into HUM 8 Volume 9. In his preface, written in Rutland, Vermont, Williams explains that the lectures dated from his tenure as Hollis Professor at Harvard, from 1780 to 1788. This manuscript appears to have been assembled around 1790, although possibly later.
Philosophical and Astronomical Lectures [Lectures on Heat and on the Aurora Borealis], ca. 1790 Digital Object
Philosophical and Astronomical Lectures [Lectures on Heat and on the Aurora Borealis], ca. 1790 Digital Object

The Astronomy of Comets in Seven Lectures [and a lecture on the "new planet," Uranus], ca. 1790 Digital

Scope and Contents This volume is the continuation of the unpublished manuscript begun in volume 8. It includes a lecture on heat in comets that is believed to be a draft of a paper later published by the Royal Society; this lecture contains important original observations.
The Astronomy of Comets in Seven Lectures [and a lecture on the "new planet," Uranus], ca. 1790 Digital Object
The Astronomy of Comets in Seven Lectures [and a lecture on the "new planet," Uranus], ca. 1790 Digital Object

Change of Climate in North America and Europe, undated Digital

Scope and Contents Includes a section regarding the perceived causes of climate change and another asserting the probability of climate change in "all cultivated countries and throughout the earth." This document appears to be a draft of a manuscript intended for publication, rather than a lecture, and internal evidence suggests that it was created prior to 1783, likely in the 1770s. Much of this material would appear in extended form in Williams' The Natural and Civil History of...
Change of Climate in North America and Europe, undated Digital Object
Change of Climate in North America and Europe, undated Digital Object