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COLLECTION Identifier: HUGFP 145
  • ___University Records
  • ___Records of the Department of Psychology and Social Relations; for a period of 50 years, access to these files requires the permission of the Departments of Psychology and Sociology.
  • ___Records of University committees of which Professor McClelland was a member; for a period of 50 years, access to these files require the permission of the University department to which the committee reported.
  • ___Records of faculty search committees of which Professor McClelland was a member; restricted for a period of 80 years.
  • ___Records of University projects headed by Professor McClelland; for a period of 50 years, access to these files require the permission of the University department that sponsored the project.
  • ___ Consulting
  • ___Additional restrictions may apply to papers having to do with McClelland's consulting work.
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  • Papers of David McClelland

    David C. McClelland was a Harvard psychologist, noted especially for his work on achievement motivation. These papers chifely document his professional life.

    Dates

    • 1900-1998

    Creator

    Conditions on Use and Access

    General Restriction
    1. Consult with the reference staff of the Harvard University Archives for details on obtaining permission to see, to photocopy, or to publish from the Papers of David McClelland.
    Specific Restrictions:
    1. ___Evaluations
    2. ___Those portions of the collection in which individuals are evaluated are closed. Those portions of the collection that must be reviewed before patrons may have access includes the entirety of the series relating to undergrateuate or graduate advising and those portions of the correspondence for which the folder title is an individuals' name.
    3. ___University Records
    4. ___Records of the Department of Psychology and Social Relations; for a period of 50 years, access to these files requires the permission of the Departments of Psychology and Sociology.
    5. ___Records of University committees of which Professor McClelland was a member; for a period of 50 years, access to these files require the permission of the University department to which the committee reported.
    6. ___Records of faculty search committees of which Professor McClelland was a member; restricted for a period of 80 years.
    7. ___Records of University projects headed by Professor McClelland; for a period of 50 years, access to these files require the permission of the University department that sponsored the project.
    8. ___ Consulting
    9. ___Additional restrictions may apply to papers having to do with McClelland's consulting work.

    Extent

    37 cubic feet (113 boxes)

    These papers document the professional life of David McClelland. While there are portions of these papers where McClelland's professional life and personal interests intersect, as in the papers relating to religion, McClelland the scholar is always more heavily documented than McClelland the private man.

    Chronologically, the papers cover all of McClelland's life, including a small amount of material from his childhood. Professional papers date from his college and graduate school years. Like his career, this collection is dominated by the years at Harvard.

    McClelland's activities in various arenas, teaching, consulting, pure research, are intermingled. A researcher may expect to find consulting materials from a McBer project among the reading materials for a course, while one may also find test results from a cohort of students in a folder on a reasearch topic.

    Biography

    David C. McClelland was a Harvard psychologist, noted especially for his work on achievement motivation.
    Chronology of the life of David McClelland
    1917
    Born May 20, 1917 in Mt. Vernon, New York
    1933
    Graduates from Jacksonville, Illinois, High School
    1933-1934
    Special student in languages at Macmurray College in Jacksonville, Illinois
    1938
    Graduates from Wesleyan University , with an A.B. in Psychology
    1938
    First marriage to Mary Sharpless, June 25, 1938
    1939
    Obtains an A.M. from the University of Missouri in Psychology
    1941
    Obtains a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Yale University
    Becomes Instructor of Psychology at Connecticut College
    1942
    Leaves Connecticut College
    Instructor of Psychology at Wesleyan University
    1943
    Served as Assistant and Acting personnel secretary of the American Friends Service Committee , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    1944
    Part-time lecturer in Psychology at Bryn Mawr College
    1945
    Becomes an Assistant Professor on Psychology at Wesleyan University
    Ends Part-time position teaching at Bryn Mawr College
    1946
    Becomes Chairman of the Department of Psychology at Wesleyan University
    Summer 1947
    Assistant Director, Sky Island Hostel for European Refugees (American Friends Service Committee)
    1948
    Becomes and Associate Professor of Psychology at Wesleyan University
    Fellow of the American Psychological Association
    1949-1950
    Lectures in Social Psychology at Harvard University , then returns to Wesleyan University
    Fall 1950
    Becomes a staff consultant for the Social Science Research Council . This was in connection with the Ford Foundation Program for basic Social Science Development
    1951
    Publishes Personality, with J.W. Atkinson, R.A. Clark, E.L. Lowell
    Lectures in Social Psychology at the Salzburg Seminar in American Studies , Salzburg, Austria
    Becomes member of the psychology panel, National Research Council
    1952-1953
    Serves as Deputy Director of the Behavioral Sciences division of the Ford Foundation
    1953
    Becomes a Professor of Psychology at Wesleyan University
    Member of the Fullbright Award Committee
    Summer 1953
    Lecturer in the behavioral sciences, Diplomats' Conferences, sponsored by the American Friends Service Committee, Clarens, Switzerland
    1955
    Publishes Studies in Motivation
    1956
    Leaves Wesleyan University to become a Professor of Psychology in the Harvard University Department of Social Relations
    Honorary M.A. from Harvard University
    Member of the training grants committee, National Institutes of Mental Health
    Chairman of Staff, Center for Research in Personality
    1957
    Honorary Sc.D. from Wesleyan University
    Fellow, American Academy of Science
    1958
    Receives Guggenheim Fellowship
    Honorary D.Phil. from the University of Maintz , Germany
    1959
    Travels to Italy with Guggenheim fellowship
    1961
    Publishes The Achieving Society, with D.G. Winter
    Lectures in Social Psychology at the Salzburg Seminar in American Studies, Salzburg, Austria
    1962
    Chairman of the Department of Social Relations, Harvard University ,
    1962-1963
    Master, South House, Radcliffe College
    1963
    Co-founder of McBer Consulting Co. (now a part of the Hay Institute ). McBer assists managers in evaluating and training their employees.
    Honorary L.L.D. MacMurray College
    Submits proposal to the National Education Association to offer seventh graders in good standing college scholarships to encourage motivation.
    1963-1964
    Sabbatical year from Harvard University. Travels to India and Tunisia organizing research on entrepreneurial motivation.
    1964
    Publishes The Roots of Consciousness
    Chairman of the Staff, Center for Research in Personality
    President of the Eastern Psychological Association
    1965
    Becomes a member of the American Psychological Association Committee on Psychology in National and International Affairs
    1967
    Becomes President of the New England Psychological Association
    Ends service as Chairman of the Department of Social Relations, Harvard University
    Ends service as Chairman of the Staff, Center for Research in Personality
    Spring, 1968
    Peace Corps consultant, travels to Southeast Asia and East Africa
    1969
    Member of the Faculty of Education at Harvard University Graduate School of Education
    1970
    Honorary D.Litt. from Albion College
    1972
    Travels to Tunisia, Morocco, Spain, France, and Mexico as a U.S. Information Agency Consultant
    1972
    Takes a leave from Harvard. Travels to Indonesia to participate in a UNIDO conference, spends three months in Sri Lanka, writes Need for Power
    1973
    Ends teaching as a Faculty of Education at Harvard University
    1973
    Has article published in The American Psychologist stating that IQ and personality tests are poor indicators of a person's competence
    1974
    Travels as part of the U.S. Information Service to Sri Lanka, India, and Ethiopia.
    1975
    Publishes Power: The Inner Experience
    1976
    Receives the McKinsey Award
    1980
    First wife, Mary, dies in December
    October 10, 1981
    Second marriage to Marian Adams
    1986
    Retires, becoming emeritus professor of Harvard University
    1986
    Distinguished research professor of psychology at Boston University
    1987
    Receives the award for Distinguished Scientific contribution from the American Psychological Association
    March 27, 1998
    Receives the Bruno Klopfer Award from the Society for Personality Assessment
    Dies.
    1999
    Receives the Henry A. Murray Award from the American Psychological Association Division 8

    Series and Sub-series in the Collection

    1. Biographical Materials
    2. ___Biography, bibliography, curriculum vitae, interviews and articles
    3. ___American Friends Service Committee and Cambridge Friends Meeting
    4. ___Early papers and scrapbooks
    5. ___Images of David McClelland and family
    6. Correspondence
    7. ___Alphabetical
    8. ___Chronological
    9. Research
    10. ___Grant proposals and research plans
    11. ___Instruments
    12. ___Early research
    13. ___Applied research overseas
    14. ___Applied research consulting
    15. ___Health research
    16. ______Schizophrenia
    17. ______Alcoholism and drinking studies
    18. ______Diabetes
    19. ______Psychobiological research
    20. ___Sears follow-up studies
    21. ___Leadership in religious organizations
    22. Harvard Teaching and Administration
    23. ___Course material
    24. ___Correspondence with graduate students
    25. ___Thesis advisees
    26. ______Graduate thesis advisees
    27. ______Undergraduate honors advisees
    28. ___Undergraduate issues
    29. ___Administration and committees
    30. Writings and Speeches
    31. ___Journal articles, book chapters, and texts of speeches
    32. ___Correspondence relating to books

    Acquisition Information

    Accessions
    1. 11163: 1987 July 23, David McClelland
    2. 13589: 1997 June 18, David McClelland
    3. 13881: 1998 November 6, Marian McClelland
    4. 13889: 1998 December 10, Beverly Douhan
    5. 13918: 1999 March 4, Marian McClelland
    6. 14018: 1999 August 25, David G. Winter

    Allied Material

    See works by and about David McClelland cataloged in Harvard's on-line library information system.

    Inventory update

    This document last updated 2016 November 9.

    Processing Information

    Processed under the direction of Kate Bowers by Jill Snyder and Chris M. Lubicz-Nawrocki, September 2000 through March 2001 .

    Staff at the Harvard University Archives re-housed all papers in acid-free folders and document boxes, organized the material, maintaining the original organization where possible, and produced this finding aid.

    Staff in the Harvard University Archives tried to identify and preserve the organization of the papers as far as possible. While correspondence and course material arrived at the Harvard University Archives in good order, subject and project files and reprints were in no discernable order. Additionally, McClelland would re-use folders, so that sometimes the contents and the folder title are at odds. Staff o the University Archives imposed a rough subject organization where no intrinsic organization could be ascertained.

    A vast amont of material was weeded from the collection. Weeded material did not meet the collecting policy of the Harvard University Archives and consisted chiefly of duplicates, drafts, articles and papers written by other researchers, and raw data with no analysis or context. A small research study of "Rorschach results on renowned scientists," conducted by Anne Roe in 1957, was given to the Archives of the History of American Psychology in Akron, Ohio.
    Link to catalog
    Title
    McClelland, David C. (David Clarence) Papers of David McClelland, 1900-1998 : an inventory
    Author
    Harvard University Archives
    EAD ID
    hua04001

    Repository Details

    Part of the Harvard University Archives Repository

    Holding nearly four centuries of materials, the Harvard University Archives is the principal repository for the institutional records of Harvard University and the personal archives of Harvard faculty, as well as collections related to students, alumni, Harvard-affiliates and other associated topics. The collections document the intellectual, cultural, administrative and social life of Harvard and the influence of the University as it emerged across the globe.

    Contact:
    Pusey Library
    Cambridge MA 02138 USA
    (617) 495-2461