Ana de Castro Osório papers
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Extent.1 linear feet (1 box)
Biographical / Historical
Ana de Castro Osório (1872-1935) was one of the earliest militant Portuguese feminists, perhaps the earliest, active in the field of children's literature and political Republicanism. Osório married republican poet Paulino de Oliveira, was the younger sister of Alberto Osório de Castro, and mother of the authors João de Castro Osório and José Osório de Oliveira. In 1905, she wrote the feminist manifesto Às Mulheres Portuguesas. She founded the feminist review A sociedade futura, and was the founder of several women's organizations including the first Portuguese feminist association, the Grupo Português de Estudos Feministas (Portuguese Group of Feminist Studies) in 1907. Together with Adelaide Cabete and Fausta Pinto de Gama, they founded the Liga Republicana das Mulheres Portuguesas (Portuguese Women's Republican League) in 1908. The group called for the overthrow of the monarchy and contributed to the proclamation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910. In 1911, Osório headed the Associação de Propaganda Feminista (Portuguese Feminist Propaganda Association). She worked alongside Afonso Costa when he was Minister of Justice in the provisional republican government to write a divorce law, writing A mulher no casamento e no divórcio. In 1917 Osório was one of the founders of the Crusade of Portuguese Women, which encouraged women to be active in the war effort.
Ana de Castro Osório was active in the earliest days of the field of children's literature in Portugal. Her Para as crianças was published from 1897 to 1935 in 18 volumes. She also translated Grimm, Andersen and other foreign authors, as well as several original novels, novellas, and short stories for adults, in which she treated feminist themes.
Other Finding Aids
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Osório, Ana de Castro, 1872-1935. Ana de Castro Osório papers, 1892-1942 (MS Port 49): Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard University.
- 2020 February 13
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- Finding aid written in English.
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