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COLLECTION Identifier: MS Georgian 2

Georgia (Republic) records [microform]


Records, including minutes, correspondence, reports, and other materials reflecting the activities of the government of the independent Georgian Republic and the Georgian government in exile after the occupation.


  • Creation: 1914-1958
  • Creation: Majority of material found in 1917-1940

Language of Materials

Collection materials are in Georgian.

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on physical access to this material.


9 linear feet (206 microfilm reels in 81 boxes)

Records reflect the activities of the government of the independent Georgian Republic and the Georgian government in exile after the occupation. Includes minutes, correspondence, reports, and other materials of peace delegations and special committees concerning the Russian Revolution and the situation in the Caucasus prior to the Bolshevik invasion and the declaration of independence of the Georgian Republic. The activities of various ministries of the government are documented by correspondence, minutes, memoranda, statistical data, reports, and other official documents such as decrees, constitution, petitions, and orders. Subjects covered are foreign affairs, finance, trade, industry, agriculture, and military affairs (People's Guard). Also material, mostly diplomatic correspondence, pertaining to peace negotiations and relations with European countries, Turkey, Soviet Russia, and other Russian republics, including activities of Georgian delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris (1918-1923) and other diplomatic missions in Europe.

Archives created by the Georgian government in exile in Paris contain correspondence, official declarations, financial records, memoranda, minutes of meetings, reports, speeches, and articles. These materials document the government's relations with the League of Nations, the U.S., European political parties, and underground groups in occupied Georgia. Records of the government in exile include account books from 1920 to 1938; and correspondence and manuscripts of speeches and articles of Noe Jordania, Georgian president in exile, Nicholas Tcheidze, and other government figures. Also booklets and miscellaneous printed material, 1918-1957; about the Georgian Republic.

Biographical / Historical

In 1918 the Mensheviks in Russia proclaimed Georgia an independent republic; in 1921 Georgia was declared a Soviet Socialist Republic.

Organization of the Georgian Archive

  1. Russian Revolution (3.12.1917) and the situation in the Caucasus prior to the Bolshevik Invasion: Boxes 1,2
  2. Caucasus and Turkey in 1918 - 1919: Box 3
  3. Transcaucasian Federation and Independent Georgia (Boxes 4, 5, 6, 7)
  4. Activity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia: Boxes 8, 9
  5. Ministry of Finance, Trade, and Industry: Boxes 10, 11, 12
  6. Ministry of Agriculture: Boxes 13, 14, 15
  7. People's Guard: Boxes 16, 17, 18
  8. Peace Conference in Trebizond, End of the Trancaucasian Federation, Independent Georgia and its relations with Turkey and Germany: Box 19
  9. Georgia, English Military Command in Transcaucasia, Russian White Army: Boxes 20, 21, 22, 23
  10. Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaidjan: Box 24
  11. Georgian Delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris: Boxes 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
  12. Georgian Diplomatic Representation in Paris: Box 31
  13. Georgian Legation in Rome: Box 32
  14. Georgian Legation in Berlin: Box 33
  15. Georgian Legation in Constantinople: Box 34
  16. Georgian Legation in Berne: Box 35
  17. Interrelations among Georgia, Northern Caucasus, Ukraine, Poland, Bielorussia, Baltic, and Scandinavian countries: Box 36
  18. Georgia and Soviet Russia: Box 37
  19. Georgia under Soviet Occupation Legation in Paris: Boxes 38, 39, 40, 41, 42
  20. The Georgian Legation in Constantinople External: Box 43
  21. Bolshevik Occupied Georgia Georgian Legation in Constantinople Internal: Box 44
  22. Georgian Legation in London: Box 45
  23. Georgian Legation in Warsaw: Box 46
  24. Georgian Legation in Berlin: Box 47
  25. Activity of the Georgian Government in Exile: Boxes 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53
  26. Georgia Social Democratic Bureau Abroad: Boxes 54, 55, 56
  27. Georgian Social Democratic Party and the Second International: Box 57
  28. League of Nations and Georgia during its independence and after occupation: Boxes 58, 59
  29. Situation in occupied Georgia: Box 60
  30. Correspondence between Georgian Government in exile and Georgian underground political parties in the country: Boxes 61, 62, 63
  31. Financial Records of the Georgian Government in Exile: Boxes 64 - 71
  32. Account Books: Boxes 72, 73
  33. Manuscripts left by the deceased Nicholas Tcheidze, documents relative to the assassination of Noe Ramishvili and Grigol Veshapeli: Box 74
  34. Relations of the U.S.A. with the exiled Georgian Government: Box 75
  35. Idea of confederation of the Caucasus among the representatives of the Caucasian Republics in exile: Box 76
  36. Speeches, articles, official and correspondence of the President of Georgia. Noe Jordania in exile: Boxes 77, 78
  37. Private and official correspondence, speeches and articles by K. Gvardjaladze and D. Iharashidze: Box 79
  38. The Georgian and foreign press about Georgia in booklets: Box 80
  39. Other manuscripts: Box 81

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Georgian Archive, on loan for thirty years beginning in 1974 to the Harvard College Library from the Georgian government in exile, was returned to Tbilisi in October 1997. The archive was filmed in 1978.

Processing Information

This finding aid was revised in December 2023 to address outdated and harmful descriptive language. During that revision, contextualizing processing notes were added to the description of two items. For more information on reparative archival description at Harvard, see Harvard Library’s Statement on Harmful Language in Archival Description.

Georgia (Republic) records [microform], 1914-1958: Guide.
Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Houghton Library Repository

Houghton Library is Harvard College's principal repository for rare books and manuscripts, archives, and more. Houghton Library's collections represent the scope of human experience from ancient Egypt to twenty-first century Cambridge. With strengths primarily in North American and European history, literature, and culture, collections range in media from printed books and handwritten manuscripts to maps, drawings and paintings, prints, posters, photographs, film and audio recordings, and digital media, as well as costumes, theater props, and a wide range of other objects. Houghton Library has historically focused on collecting the written record of European and Eurocentric North American culture, yet it holds a large and diverse number of primary sources valuable for research on the languages, culture and history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania.

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