Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers
Notes and correspondence of American meteorologist Abbott Lawrence Rotch.
- circa 1876-1912
Language of Materials
Collection materials are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
There are no restrictions on physical access to this material.
Extent4 linear feet (6 boxes, 4 volumes)
Includes mostly Rotch's notes, 1879-1884, from various classes and laboratories taken as an undergraduate at M.I.T. and from Harvard graduate courses in natural history, 1884; as well as seven volumes of research notebooks, 1877-1885, recording information about trains and train trips. Also professional correspondence, 1895-1912, with colleagues, European and American book dealers, and organizations, such as the Carnegie Foundation. Some of the correspondence, with related reports and notes, is about the Atlantic expedition. Other material includes manuscripts and notes about ballooning and Benjamin Franklin; manuscripts of lectures on ballooning and of the book, Conquest of the Air (1909); and notes, 1898-1900, on sunspot observations and kites.
Biographical / Historical
Rotch, a meteorologist, founded and was director of Blue Hill Observatory, near Boston, Mass. He took the earliest American measurements of cloud height and velocities. In 1906, Rotch became the first professor of meteorology at Harvard. In cooperation with Teisserenc de Bort, he sent an expedition to explore the atmosphere above the tropical ocean, 1905-1906; ascended Mont Blanc six times, reaching the summit thrice; and ballooned above Paris in 1889.
Organized into the following series:
- I. bMS Am 1271: Graduate and undergraduate notes
- II. MS Am 1271.1: Lanza's Strength of materials
- III. MS Am 1271.2: Lanza's Third year mechanics
- IV. MS Am 1271.3: Mechanical Engineering notes
- V. MS Am 1271.4: MIT thesis
- VI. bMS Am 1271.5: Miscellaneous papers
Immediate Source of Acquisition
*42M-402, *42M-403, *42M-404, *42M-405, *42M-406, *42M-407, *42M-408, *42M-409, *42M-410, *42M-411, *42M-412, *42M-413, *42M-414, *42M-415, *42M-416, *42M-417, *42M-418, *42M-419, *42M-420, *42M-422, *42M-423, *42M-424, *42M-425, *42M-426, *42M-427, *42M-428, *42M-429, *42M-430.
Gift in Memory of Prof. A. Lawrence Rotch and Margaret Randolph (Anderson) Rotch; received: 1942.
In 2020-2021, as part of a conscious and inclusive re-description effort, entries) were updated to include a woman’s first name when identified.
Margaret Randolph (Anderson) Rotch formerly listed as Mrs. A. Lawrence Rotch.
- Rotch, Abbott Lawrence, 1861-1912. Abbott Lawrence Rotch papers: Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
- Language of description
- EAD ID
Part of the Houghton Library Repository
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