Bourne family Massachusetts military papers
Military papers relating to the Bourn family of Massachusetts concerning colonial expeditions to capture Canada.
Language of Materials
Collection materials are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
There are no restrictions on physical access to this material.
Extent.5 linear feet (1 box)
Includes military orders, commissions, muster rolls, letters, financial records, and other military documents.
Biographical / Historical
Papers primarily concern members of the Bourne family (Bourn) of Massachusetts and their military associates including:
- Silvanus Bourn, 1694-1763: Bourn, the son of Colonel Melatiah and Desire (Chipman) Bourn, was born in Sandwich, Mass. and was a merchant engaged in business in Barnstable and Sandwich. He was a colonel in the militia, member of the Governor's Council, Register of Probate, and Judge of Probate. His wife was Mercy Gorham of Barnstable. They had ten children. Bourn died at Barnstable in 1763.
- Melatiah Bourn, 1722-1778: Bourn, the son of Silvanus and Mary (Gorham) Bourn, was born in Barnstable, Mass. He became a merchant and went into partnership with Joseph Freeman in Boston. He also served as Overseer of the Poor in Boston, was Town Auditor, and served in the militia. He married Mary Bowdoin Bayard and had four children. He died in Barnstable in 1778.
- Silvanus Cobb, 1710-1762: Cobb was born in Plymouth, Mass. and was a mariner and military officer. He raised a company of soldiers in Plymouth, Mass. for the New England expedition against Louisbourg (1746) and for a brief time worked out of Annapolis Royal under the command of Paul Mascarene; was master of the sloop York; was hired by Governor Edward Cornwallis for government service and to aid in transport of New England settlers to Nova Scotia (1750-1760); owned a farm at Fort Lawrence, near Amherst, Nova Scotia; and died during a siege at Havana, Cuba in 1762.
During the fall and winter of 1744-1745, Governor William Shirley, of colonial Massachusetts, campaigned to convince New Englanders that an attack on the fortress of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia was practical. On February 5, 1745, the Massachusetts House of Representatives approved a plan to move against French-held Louisbourg in conjunction with the other British colonies. The colonies quickly raised a land force, Massachusetts being in the lead with seven regiments. William Pepperrell became the expedition's commander. In April of 1745 the troops embarked for Nova Scotia and by May had laid seige to the fortress, which surrendered on June 17.
These papers document various other colonial Massachusetts military expeditions to Canada continuing until 1760 when the French surrendered Montreal to the British, thus ending the French and Indian Wars in North America.
Arranged in chronological order.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Judge Joseph M. Day, Barnstable, Mass.; received: 1896 Apr. 29.
Note in original bound volume: "These papers were found among the Bourne Mss. A gift of Judge Day of Barnstable, to Harvard College Library, 1896."
Processed by: Bonnie B. Salt
Papers were originally received in bound format. Upon recataloging in 2004, items were found loose inside volume covers and were removed and rehoused.
- Bourne family. Bourne family Massachusetts military papers: Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
- Language of description
- EAD ID
Part of the Houghton Library Repository
Houghton Library is Harvard College's principal repository for rare books and manuscripts, archives, and more. Houghton Library's collections represent the scope of human experience from ancient Egypt to twenty-first century Cambridge. With strengths primarily in North American and European history, literature, and culture, collections range in media from printed books and handwritten manuscripts to maps, drawings and paintings, prints, posters, photographs, film and audio recordings, and digital media, as well as costumes, theater props, and a wide range of other objects. Houghton Library has historically focused on collecting the written record of European and Eurocentric North American culture, yet it holds a large and diverse number of primary sources valuable for research on the languages, culture and history of indigenous peoples of the Americas, Africa, Asia and Oceania.
Houghton Library’s Reading Room is free and open to all who wish to use the library’s collections.
Cambridge MA 02138 USA