Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Extent3 linear feet (208 sheets in 10 boxes)
Biographical / Historical
The first episodes of Ulysses were published in the Little Review in 1918; the complete novel was first published by Sylvia Beach through her bookshop Shakespeare and Company, Paris, in 1922. The book was typeset and printed by the firm of Maurice Darantiere in Dijon during 1921. Darantiere sent Joyce the placards for correction. Each placard (equivalent to galley proofs) is a large sheet of paper measuring roughly 29 x 18 ½ inches (74 x 47 cm.), printed on one side only, and containing eight pages of text, four across and two high. The pages are unnumbered, with the second page printed below the first, the fourth below the third, and so on. Joyce would not only correct the text, he would often make large additions and deletions. Because of the additions, each placard was pulled from one to four times.
After the placards, the book was set in page proof.
- Lotus Eaters
- Scylla and Charybdis
- Wandering Rocks
- Oxen of the Sun
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Existence and Location of Copies
The placards were ordered and numbered upon receipt in the Library in 1950, and this numbering has been retained except where this resulted in the fragmentation of text of an episode. Where Houghton numbers have been changed, this is indicated in a note. Many placards are present in more than one copy, and this information is in parentheses following the placard number; however, no attempt has been made to determine which sheet was pulled first, second, etc. The "titles" given to the placards (for example, "2", "IV", "9 bis", etc.) are numbers printed on the placards themselves.
- Joyce, James, 1882-1941. James Joyce Ulysses placards, 1921: Guide.
- Houghton Library, Harvard College Library
- EAD ID
Part of the Houghton Library Repository
Houghton Library is Harvard College's principal repository for rare books and manuscripts, literary and performing arts archives, and more. The library's holdings of primary source material are managed by an expert staff and shared with scholars, students and the public in the reading room.
Cambridge MA 02138 USA