Skip to main content
COLLECTION Identifier: H MS c401

Franc D. Ingraham papers

Overview

The Franc D. Ingraham papers, 1933-1953 (inclusive), 1940-1949 (bulk), are a product of Ingraham’s research and professional activities, during the period of his service as Assistant in Surgery, Instructor in Surgery, Associate in Surgery, Assistant Professor of Surgery, and Associate Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, as Visiting Surgeon, Acting Head of the Department of Surgery, Surgeon in Chief, and Neurosurgeon in Chief at Children’s Hospital Boston, Massachusetts, and as Associate in Neurosurgery, Senior Associate in Neurosurgery, and Neurological Surgeon at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Dates

  • 1933-1953 (inclusive),
  • Majority of material found within 1940-1949 .

Creator

Language of Materials

Papers are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Access requires advance notice. Access to personal and patient information is restricted for 80 years from the date of creation. These restrictions are noted where they appear in Series I and II. Researchers may apply for access to restricted records. Consult Public Services for further information.

Some of the papers are stored offsite. Researchers are advised to consult Public Services for further information concerning retrieval of material.

Conditions Governing Use

The Harvard Medical Library does not hold copyright on all materials in the collection. Researchers are responsible for identifying and contacting any third-party copyright holders for permission to reproduce or publish. For more information on the Center's use, publication, and reproduction policies, view our Reproductions and Use Policy.

Extent

5.18 cubic feet ( (2 records center cartons, 1 half letter size document box, and 13 oversize flat storage boxes))
The Franc D. Ingraham papers, 1933-1953 (inclusive), 1940-1949 (bulk), are a product of Ingraham’s research and professional activities, during the period of his service at Harvard Medical School, Children’s Hospital Boston, and the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. The Franc D. Ingraham papers consist of two series: I. Subject Files and II. Visual Teaching Aids.

Series I (Subject Files) constitutes a quarter of the collection, and consists of: data from Franc D. Ingraham’s research on the uses of fibrin film and fibrin foam in neurosurgical procedures, and related patient records and correspondence; manuscript drafts and publication correspondence for his fibrin film and foam scientific papers; committee reports, meeting minutes, and correspondence from Ingraham’s service on National Research Council and United States Office of Scientific Research and Development committees about neurosurgery, fibrin film, and fibrin foam; and Harvard Medical School, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, and Children’s Hospital Boston administrative correspondence about personnel, patients, and supply orders. Series II (Visual Teaching Aids) consists of x-rays and photographic transparencies related to pediatric neurological disorders and the surgical procedures performed by Ingraham as treatment for those conditions. Records were generated by Ingraham as a product of his teaching activities at various professional conferences, and topics include craniosynostosis, congenital dermal sinuses, brain abscesses in patients with congenital heart disease, and subdural hematoma in infancy. Series also contains: pre- and post-operation x-rays and photographs; follow-up photographs of patients at various intervals after recovery; charts with patient medical histories and incidence rates; and narrative descriptions of the neurological disorders.

Papers are entirely in English.

Biographical Notes

Franc Douglas Ingraham (1898-1965), B.S., 1922, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts; M.D., 1925, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, was Associate Professor of Surgery, Emeritus, at Harvard Medical School, Neurosurgeon in Chief, Emeritus, at Children’s Hospital Boston, Massachusetts, and Neurological Surgeon at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Throughout his career, Ingraham’s research centered on pediatric neurosurgery, and in 1929 he launched the nation’s first pediatric neurosurgical service at Children’s Hospital Boston. With Edwin J. Cohn (1892-1953), he is credited with separating fibrin foam and fibrin film from human blood plasma, and introducing their uses in neurosurgery as a hemostatic agent and a dural substitute, respectively.

Franc Douglas Ingraham was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1898, to Alexander Ingraham (born 1860) and Eliza Jane Caldwell Ingraham (born 1860). He received his B.S. from Harvard College in 1922 and his M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1925. He completed his residency in surgery at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (1927-1928), where he worked under neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing (1869-1939). Ingraham then spent one year as a Peter Bent Brigham Traveling Fellow in Surgery, at the Oxford University Department of Physiology in England, before returning to Boston in 1929. On his return, Ingraham launched the nation’s first pediatric neurosurgical service at Children’s Hospital Boston, where he was named Visiting Surgeon. In 1930, he was appointed Assistant in Surgery at Harvard Medical School, and in 1940 he was named Associate in Neurosurgery at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. His subsequent appointments at Children’s Hospital Boston include: Acting Head of the Department of Surgery (1945-1947); Surgeon in Chief (1945-1947); Neurosurgeon in Chief (1946-1964); and Neurosurgeon in Chief, Emeritus (1964-1965). His Harvard Medical School appointments include: Instructor in Surgery (1939-1940); Associate in Surgery (1941-1943); Assistant Professor of Surgery (1944-1946); Associate Professor of Surgery (1947-1964); and Associate Professor of Surgery, Emeritus (1964-1965). Ingraham also served as Senior Associate in Neurosurgery (1944-1947) and Neurological Surgeon (1948-1964) at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. Throughout his career, Ingraham was active on numerous joint committees of the National Research Council and the United States Office of Scientific Research and Development, including: the Committee on Surgery; the Subcommittee on Blood Substitutes; the Subcommittee on Neurosurgery; and the Conference on Fibrin Film. He also consulted for the neurosurgical services of many Boston area hospitals.

Ingraham’s research centered on a variety of topics in neurosurgery, including pediatric neurosurgery. With Edwin J. Cohn, he separated fibrin foam and fibrin film from human blood plasma, and introduced their respective uses as a hemostatic agent in surgery and as a dural substitute in neurosurgery. Fibrin foam significantly shortened the time necessary for neurosurgical operations, and was widely used by the United States Military during World War II. In addition to his research activities, Ingraham served as President of the Harvey Cushing Society, President of the Boston Surgical Society, Trustee of the Associates of the Yale Medical Library, and was a member of the Editorial Board for the Journal of Neurosurgery. His further professional affiliations include: the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the American Board of Neurological Surgeons; the American Neurological Association; the American Pediatric Society; the American Surgical Association; the International Society of Surgery; the Scandinavian Neurosurgical Society; and the Society of British Neurological Surgeons. With Donald D. Matson (1913-1969), Ingraham published the first pediatric neurosurgery textbook, Neurosurgery of Infancy and Childhood (1954).

Franc D. Ingraham married Martha Wheatland (born 1904) on November 24, 1931. He had a son, Timothy A. Ingraham, and a daughter, Alice W. Ingraham. Ingraham died on 4 December, 1965, in Brookline, Massachusetts.

Series and Subseries in the Collection

  1. I. Subject Files, 1933-1949, undated
  2. II. Visual Teaching Aids, 1952-1953, undated
  3. ___ A. Craniosynostosis, 1952-1953, undated
  4. ___ B. Congenital Dermal Sinus, 1949, undated
  5. ___ C. Brain Abscess in Congenital Heart Disease, undated
  6. ___ D. Subdural Hematoma in Infancy, undated

Related Papers in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Center for the History of Medicine

  1. Papers of Edwin J. Cohn. H MS c375.

Separations

Three tubes of human fibrin film, produced by E. R. Squibb & Sons, were transferred to the Warren Anatomical Museum, February 2013.

Processing Information

Processed by Amber LaFountain, 2013 February.

Processing staff in the Center for the History of Medicine analyzed, arranged, and described the papers, and created a finding aid to improve access. Items were rehoused and, where necessary, photocopied to acid-free paper. Folder titles were transcribed from the originals when available; titles supplied by the processing staff appear in brackets only on the physical folders. Duplicate reprints already in the collection were discarded.
Link to catalog
Title
Ingraham, Franc D., (Franc Douglas), 1898-1965. Papers, 1933-1953 (inclusive), 1940-1949 (bulk): Finding Aid.
Author
Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine. Center for the History of Medicine.
Sponsor
Processing of the Franc D. Ingraham papers was funded by the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine's Charles S. Minot Fund for Hematology.
EAD ID
med00177

Repository Details

Part of the Center for the History of Medicine (Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine) Repository

Contact:
10 Shattuck Street
Boston MA 02115
(617) 432-2170