Peter Bent Brigham Hospital Records, 1830– (inclusive), 1911–1980 (bulk).
- 1830– (inclusive),
- Majority of material found within 1911–1980 .
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
1 collection (69.72 cubic feet in 44 records center cartons, 39 oversize boxes, 3 index card boxes, 2 letter size document boxes, 3 half letter size document boxes, 1 cylindrical storage case for rolled drawings, 1 oversize drawer, and 1 shelf.)
Construction of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital began in 1911 on land along Francis Street in Boston. It was designed in the pavilion style, consisting of main administration buildings, including a nurses’ residence, as well as several separate ward buildings, connected by an outdoor walkway, allowing for maximum light and air for the patients. There were no formal opening exercises for the hospital but significant milestones in 1913 marked its transition to an active institution. While the hospital was still under construction the first surgical patient was admitted on January 27, 1913. On March 31, 1913, the first medical patient was admitted to the first of the regular ward buildings to be completed. On April 30, 1913, Sir William Osler, credited with the original idea for medical residency, and whose teachings greatly influenced the organization of the hospital’s own resident training program, gave a formal address to the assembled staff, marking an unofficial opening day. On November 12, 1914, a Founder’s Day celebration was held, which was the first, formal hospital event. The Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing (1912–1985) helmed by Carrie M. Hall, RN, had already started training young women as early as November of 1912.
In addition to patient care and medical instruction, the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital supported medical research. The doctors and researchers at the PBBH made many advancements in the field of medicine, including the cure for pernicious anemia, the first heart valve surgery, the first successful organ transplant, and the development of neurosurgery as a specialty. Some of the individuals whose work at PBBH significantly advanced medical science include Dr. Francis Moore, considered the “father of modern surgery,” Dr. Harvey Cushing, a pioneer in neurosurgery, Dr. Samuel A. Levine, a key figure in modern cardiology, and Dr. Elliott Cutler, second Surgeon-in-Chief and co-author of Atlas of Surgical Operations. Dr. William Parry Murphy, with two others, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1934 for the discovery of the cure for pernicious anemia. In 1949, Dr. Carl Walter, developed a way to collect, store and transfuse blood. Dr. Joseph E. Murray was the 1990 co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for organ and tissue transplant techniques. He, along with PBBH Drs. John Merrill, J. Hartwell Harrison, George W. Thorn, and Gustave Dammin, achieved the first successful kidney transplant in 1954. Nurse Carrie M. Hall was a leader in the evolution of professional nursing education.
In 1975, the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital merged with the Boston Hospital for Women (itself the result of a 1966 merger between the Boston Lying-in Hospital and the Free Hospital for Women) and the Robert B. Brigham Hospital, forming the Affiliated Hospitals Center, Inc. In 1980, at the time of the opening of a new state-of-the-art facility, the Affiliated Hospitals Center, Inc. was renamed as the “Brigham and Women’s Hospital, a Teaching Affiliate of the Harvard Medical School.”
Series and Subseries in the Collection
- Series I. Administrative Records, 1913–1981
- ___ A. Annual Reports, By-laws, and Orientation Manuals, 1913–1981
- ___ B. Permits and Property Records, 1907–1939
- ___ C. Policy and Procedure Records, 1939–1977
- ___ D. Fundraising Records, 1951– 1975
- ___ E. General Accounting Records, 1938–1963
- ___ F. Human Resource Records, 1968–1982
- Series II. Committee Records, 1902–1980
- Series III. Construction Project Drawings and Plans, 1911–1920
- Series IV. Special Events Records, 1913–1981
- ___ A. Special Events, 1913–1981
- ___ B. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital Twentieth Anniversary Reunion Lantern Slide Show, circa 1913–1933
- Series V. Special Project Records, 1917–2013
- Series VI. Public Relations Records, 1927–1991
- ___ A. Subject Files, 1927–1988
- ___ B. Biography Files, 1936–1991
- Series VII. Hospital Publications, 1914–1977
- ___ A. Serials, 1943–1977
- ___ B. Monographs and Printed Ephemera, 1914–1976
- Series VIII. Visual Records, 1860s–1980
- ___ A. Various Subjects, 1915–1977
- ___ B. Surgical Staff, 1915–circa 1970s
- ___ C. Hospital Staff, 1913–1973
- ___ D. Physicians-in-Chief Pro Tempore, 1916–1962
- ___ E. Surgeons-in-Chief Pro Tempore, 1920–1972
- ___ F. Resident Surgeons, Assistants in Surgery, and Research Fellows in Surgery, 1926–1976
- ___ G. Various Subjects, circa 1914–1978
- ___ H. Medical Staff or Medical Residents in Groups, 1921–1978
- ___ I. Hospital People by Department Groups, 1938–1975
- ___ J. Hospital Administrative Leader Portraits, 1915–1978
- ___ K. World War II Photographs, 1942
- ___ L. World War I Photographs of Battle Wounds, 1915
- ___ M. Hospital Activities and Events, circa 1960s–circa 1970s
- ___ N. Printing Plates, circa 1916–circa 1950s
- ___ O. Photograph Collections, circa 1860s–1980
- Series IX. Artifacts and Memorabilia, 1830–1980
- ___ A. General Artifacts and Memorabilia Collection, 1900–1980
- ___ B. Carrie M. Hall, RN, Award Certificates and Medals, 1919–1949
- ___ C. Medical School Tablecloth, 1912–1939
- ___ D. Peter Bent Brigham China, Glassware, and Sliver, 1830s
- ___ E. Time Capsule Letters, 1963
- ___ F. Time Capsule Artifacts, 1963
- ___ G. Laboratory Equipment, undated
- ___ H. Certificates, 1951, 1963, 1971
- Series X. Staff Personal and Professional Papers, 1902–1973
- ___ A. Unpublished Diaries and Manuscripts, 1912
- ___ B. Published Article Reprints, 1902–1973
- Series XI. Staff Related Books and Journals, 1877–1975
- Series XII. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Records, 1887–2016
- ___ A. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Administrative Records, 1927–1971
- ___ B. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Student Records, 1915–1985
- ___ C. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Course Records, 1918–1975
- ___ D. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Publications, 1920–2015
- ___ E. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Special Events, 1938–1985
- ___ F. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Photographs, 1915–1985
- ___ G. Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing Artifacts and Memorabilia, 1887–1987
- ______ A. General Artifacts and Memorabilia Collection—Nursing School, 1916–2005
- ______ B. Exhibit Items, 1887–1990s
- ______ C. Garments, 1915–1963
- ______ D. Nurse Shirley Egan's Teaching Instruments, 1920s–1960s
- ______ E. Marie Antoinette Kendall Student Notebook, 1917–1918
- ______ F. Barbara Borden Student Materials, 1956–1959
- ______ G. Dorothy Wysoki Errera, RN, Memorabilia, circa 1930–2012
Immediate Source of Acquisition
One box of personal correspondence between Dr. William Parry Murphy and his wife, Dr. Priscilla Harriett Adams Murphy, and one lab notebook he wrote as an undergraduate, were separated from this collection and donated to the Center for the History of Medicine, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine for their collection of Dr. Murphy’s personal papers.
Patient records related to kidney transplantation were returned to the hospital.
Several rare books written by prominent staff members were separated from this collection and returned to the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Medical Library.
- Brigham, Willard Irving Tyler, 1859–1904. The History of the Brigham Family; a Record of Several Thousand Descendants of Thomas Brigham the Emigrant, 1603–1653. New York: The Grafton Press, 1907.
- King, Marilyn. The Peter Bent Brigham Hospital School of Nursing: A History: 1912–1985. Boston, Mass.:, 1987.
- McCord, David. The Fabrick of Man: Fifty Years of the Peter Bent Brigham: 1913–1963. Portland, Maine: Anthoensen Press, 1963.
- Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. Annual Report of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital for the Years 1913 and 1914. Cambridge [Mass.]: University Press, 1914.
- Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. Board of Trustee Meeting Minutes Volume 1, May 1, 1902 to December 32, 1910. Box 6, Item 1, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital Records, 1830– (inclusive), 1911–1980 (bulk). BWH c3. Harvard Medical Library, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Boston, Mass.
- Tilney, Nicholas L. A Perfectly Striking Departure: Surgeons and Surgery at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, 1912–1980. Sagamore Beach, Mass.: Science History Publications/USA, 2006.
Processing staff in the Center for the History of Medicine started processing the archival records of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital under a service agreement with the BWH in 2001. The records, transferred in bulk from the BWH, were made up of records from all the individual hospitals that eventually merged to become the Affiliated Hospitals Center (AHC), which in turn became Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Processing staff made the decision to organize the records by their provenance, and processed and described each individual hospital’s records separately. Consequently, the original transfer yielded seven groups of records, one of which is the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital records.
The records for each hospital were organized into series and described based on practices used at the Harvard Medical School Archives. Processing for this collection also involved primary preservation, arrangement, and the creation of this detailed finding aid to improve access. Duplicate records and records that did not meet the archival collection goals of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital Medical Library were discarded.
- Administrators in Medicine.
- Gray literature.
- Harvard Medical School
- Health Facility Merger
- Hospital Administration
- Hospital mergers.
- Hospitals, Teaching
- Nursing schools.
- Publications (documents)
- Schools, Nursing
- Teaching hospitals.
- Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. Records, 1830– (inclusive), 1911–1980 (bulk): Finding Aid.
- Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine. Center for the History of Medicine.
- EAD ID