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Hugh Miller Raup (1901-1995) papers, 1933-1938.

Scope and Contents

This collection is arranged in alphabetical order. The bulk of the collection consists of black and white photographs of the Arnold Arboretum grounds and various staff members (including Alfred Rehder) that were taken in the mid-1930s. Functional negatives are also available for many of the photographs. Also included are copies of two of Raup's Bulletin of Popular Information publications: "Notes of the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum" and "Winter Hardiness of Trees and Shrubs Growing in the Arnold Arboretum." In addition, some of Raup's field notes on the growing conditions at the Arnold Arboretum and a field notebook (Notes on Chaenomeles Collection Taken in the Shrub Border at the Arnold Arboretum) with later additions by Edgar Anderson are included.


  • Creation: (1933-1981)

Conditions Governing Access

Researchers seeking to examine archival materials are strongly encouraged to make an appointment. The Director, or an office of origin, may place restrictions on the use of some or all of its records. The extent and length of the restriction will be determined by the Director, office of origin, and the Archivist and will be enforced equally for all researchers.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright is held by The President and Fellows of Harvard College for the Arnold Arboretum Archives of Harvard University. The copyright on some materials in the collection may be held by the original author or the author's heirs or assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining written permission from the holder(s) of copyright and the Arnold Arboretum Archives prior to publishing any quotations or images from materials in this collection.

Photocopies may be made at the discretion of the Arnold Arboretum Archives staff. Permission to make photocopies does not constitute permission to reproduce or publish materials outside the bounds of the fair use guidelines.


4 linear feet (1 boxes)

Biographical / Historical

Hugh Miller Raup was born on his family's farm in Springfield, Ohio on February 1, 1901 to Gustavus Phillip and Fannie (Mitchell) Raup. He attended Wittenberg College, receiving an A.B. in 1923. Immediately following his graduation, Raup was appointed as an instructor in biology, a position he held while pursuing his A.M. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1928, and was promoted to Assistant Professor at Wittenburg. Raup left Wittenburg College in 1932 to serve as a Research Assistant and Associate at Harvard, a position he held from 1932 to 1938. Raup's association with Harvard included the Arnold Arboretum, the Black Rock Forest, the Harvard Forest, and the Department of Biology.

In 1935, Raup published "Notes of the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum." This study examined the historical influences, both natural and man made, that shaped the landscape. He challenged prior conceptions about the ecological history of the Arnold Arboretum, particularly the notion that historically, Hemlock Hill had been a pristine section of land. Much of Raup's work revolved around such an examination of historical influences on New England, Honduran, and Cuban landscapes, which was a relatively revolutionary approach. Other remarkable research included a phytogeographic survey of the Peace River region of Alberta and British Columbia, returning with thousands of specimens, and studies in subarctic Canada, northeastern Greenland, and the boreal forests of Alaska, some of which was completed in collaboration with the Canadian National Museum.

Following his tenure as research associate, Hugh Raup held a succession of professorial appointments at Harvard. He was appointed Assistant Professor in Plant Ecology in 1938, and rose quickly up the academic ranks, receiving a promotion to Assistant Professor of Plant Geography associate professor in 1945. In 1949, he was promoted to full professor with an appointment as Bullard Professor in Forestry. He became director of the Harvard Forest in 1946, thereafter devoting much of his energies to the Forest through his retirement in 1967. Following Raup's from Harvard, Raup spent three years at Johns Hopkins as a Visiting Professor. He and his wife Lucy then spent 20 years living on the Common in Petersham, Massachusetts, where he continued to correspond with colleagues, debating and questioning matters in the fields of biology, forestry, and ecology in lengthy letters. Near the end of his life, Raup and his wife moved to Wisconsin to be closer to their younger son. Raup died on August 10, 1995 at 94 years of age.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The notes on Chaenomeles Collection by H. M. Raup were compiled in May 1933 during his research assistantship at the Arnold Arboretum. The collection of photographs and negatives of the Arnold Arboretum were acquired by the Harvard Forest Archives and donated to the Arnold Arboretum between 1996 and 1997.

The HOLLIS # for this collection is 009162995 and the file name is ajp00035.


  • Harvard University Gazette. Ashton, Peter S. "Faculty of Arts and Sciences-MemorialTribute." Feb 2, 1998, p 8.
  • Hay, Ida. Science in the Pleasure Ground: A History of the Arnold Arboretum. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1995.

General note

Also see Map case Drawer 3 folder 7 for maps that were published in "Notes on the Early Uses of Land Now in the Arnold Arboretum," Bulletin of Popular Information in 1935.

The Arboretum Archives also holds meteorological notes on the Arnold Arboretum taken by Raup in 1935. These notes are shelved separately (Meteorological Observations Compiled by Hugh M. Raup, IV C-9).

Processing Information

Processed by: Jessica M. Parr

August 2003

Raup, Hugh Miller, 1901-1995. Papers of Hugh Miller Raup, (1933-1981): A Finding Aid
Archives of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Arnold Arboretum Archives Repository

The Arnold Arboretum Horticultural Library is a specialized collection devoted to the study of temperate woody plants. We collect works on botany, horticulture, floras, urban forestry and taxonomy. The library contains more than 25,000 volumes and 40,000 photographs, and includes an archive that both documents the Arboretum's history and is a repository for 19th, 20th, and 21st century horticultural and botanical collections.

125 Arborway
Jamaica Plain MA 02130 USA