Peter Shaw Ashton papers
General Physical Description note
(4 cartons, 5 boxes, 2 oversize folders)
Terms of Access
Photocopies may be made at the discretion of the Arnold Arboretum Archives staff. Permission to make photocopies does not constitute permission to reproduce or publish materials outside the bounds of the fair use guidelines.
Extent5 linear feet
Ashton became fascinated with tropical rain forests and worked as a forest botanist in Brunei and Sarawak on the island of Borneo. Considered a world authority on the Dipterocarpaceae, a family most well-known for its large, rain forest trees found mostly in east Malaysia where they are the dominant species in the lowland forests. These trees provide a major portion of hardwoods entering international markets. Concerned about deforestation that could ultimately threaten the livelihood and survival of millions of people, Ashton’s research sought an understanding how biological diversity is maintained in nature and how it can be used for human benefit in a sustainable manner.
Dr. Ashton served as lecturer and senior lecturer in botany at Aberdeen University in Scotland from 1966-1978. During this period he spent significant time in leading field research in Southeast Asia.
Dr. Ashton took on the dual roles of Arnold Professor of Dendrology and director of the Arnold Arboretum in 1978. Under his leadership, the Arboretum revised its accession policy to favor species of wild origin over nursery or garden origin plants. Documentation of plant identification, health and hardiness was upgraded through computerization of records. As a safe harbor for rare or endangered species, the Arboretum collaborated with other botanical gardens to collect species from a specific geographical area. This work was coordinated by the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC). The Center, actively supported by Dr. Ashton began its mission while located at the Arboretum.
Specific highlights of Ashton’s tenure include a new formal collections policy in 1980 that was later published in Arnoldia, the 1983-1988 verification project that employed genera experts to identify and update the Arboretum’s entire living collections, and from 1986-1989 various grants that supported the computerized mapping project of the entire living collections 14,000+ specimens. Also during his tenure, the institution’s public programs were expanded for adults, teachers and school children. Park rangers were deployed to address security concerns and visitations were estimated to have increased five-fold compared to the 1970s.
In 1980 a grant supported the beginnings of writing Arboretum guidebooks, and grounds crew education abroad was initiated at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew and the University of Reading in United Kingdom. The Horticultural Trainee Program continued with participants earning four college credits. In 1983 proposals to participate in a Flora of North America project were underway at Harvard University Herbaria. In 1984 the Children’s Field Study program was developed to work with Boston area schools and teachers, which was funded by NSF for the Museum Institutes for Teaching Science. In 1985 an IMS grant supported the conversion and preservation of Ernest Henry Wilson’s archives of glass plate negatives to prints and film. Beginning in 1984 the Eleanor Cabot Bradley Garden of Rosaceaous Plants, the first major change to the Arboretum’s landscape since its inception, was designed. The garden was officially opened to the public in 1987.
As a scientific researcher, Dr. Ashton was actively engaged in field research and envisioned the Arboretum playing a major role in research into techniques to save endangered plant species. Ashton’s dedication to expand the Arboretum’s role in scientific research was demonstrated by his commitment to build a wet lab facility.
He was the only Arboretum director to employ an executive director to run the administrative activities of the Arboretum. He resigned in his directorship 1987 when his efforts to construct laboratory facilities in Jamaica Plain were rejected. He continued as professor of dendrology in the Harvard botany department.
Other Finding Aids note
Processing Information note
- I B PSA
- Finding aid prepared by Liz Francis
- EAD ID
Part of the Arnold Arboretum Archives Repository
The Arnold Arboretum Horticultural Library is a specialized collection devoted to the study of temperate woody plants. We collect works on botany, horticulture, floras, urban forestry and taxonomy. The library contains more than 25,000 volumes and 40,000 photographs, and includes an archive that both documents the Arboretum's history and is a repository for 19th, 20th, and 21st century horticultural and botanical collections.
Jamaica Plain MA 02130 USA