Unitarian Service Committee. Medical Missions. Records, 1942-1967.
Biographical / Historical
In 1942 the Commission on Hygiene of the Coordinating Committee for Relief in the Camps at Nimes, France conducted a study on malnutrition in the internment camps. The Unitarian Service Committee was part of this coordinating committee. In 1945, the USC organized an Italian Medical Nutrition Mission in order to study malnutrition in Italy. This was conducted in cooperation with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). Out of this project grew the idea of the medical missions, first suggested by Dr. Maurice B. Visscher. The purpose of these missions was to exchange information and to further international relationships with other countries. In 1946, the USC sent medical missions to Poland and to Czechoslovakia in cooperation with UNRRA. These missions were successful, and in January 1947, a USC Medical Projects Department was established under the direction of Dr. Erwin Kohn. In 1947 a medical mission was sent to Austria under the sponsorship of the World Health Organization. In 1948 there were medical missions to Greece, Italy, Germany, Poland and Finland, and a dental mission to Austria in August of 1948. In 1949 refresher courses for displaced person physicians, pharmacists and dentists took place in Germany with the International Refugee Organization (IRO). Medical missions conducted by the USC continued to take place into the 1960s, to countries such as Japan, Germany, Colombia, Israel, Iran, India, Indonesia, the Philippines and Turkey.
- Series I. Medical missions, Europe
- Series II. Medical missions, Asia
- Series III. Medical missions, South America/Central America/Caribbean
- Series IV. Medical missions, Africa
- Series V. Medical missions, Middle East
- Series VI. Medical missions, mixed
- Series VII. Missions, United States
- Series VIII. Board of Directors and committee records
- Series IX. Financial and fundraising records
- Series X. General correspondence
- Series XI. Affiliated organizations
- Unitarian Service Committee. Medical Missions. Records, 1942-1967: A Finding Aid.
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Special Collections at Andover-Harvard Theological Library preserves and makes accessible primary source materials documenting the history of religion and theology, with particular historical emphasis on American liberal religious traditions. Though the historical strengths of the collections have been in the field of Christianity, other religious traditions are increasingly reflected, in step with Harvard Divinity School's evolving focus on global religious studies.
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