Lancaster Mills records
Scope and Contents
Records relating to the production of ginghams, cheviots, normandies, zephyrs, Tiffany flannels, and other cotton goods. This is an incomplete collection, strong on the later years of the Company, and on engineering aspects. The Lancaster Mills succeeded to the property of the Clinton Company, Clinton, Mass., and also controlled Sawyer's Mills in Boylston, Mass. and the Winnsboro Mills. The directors' records extend from 1844 to 1918, but there are few letters. The material includes general account books, records of accidents, payrolls, and tenement records. Correspondents include treasurers J. Amory Davis, Harcourt Amory, J. D. Winslow, Henry C. Everett, Jr., and Charles E. Inches; and agents Franklin Forbes, George W. Weeks, and Charles H. Richardson. Lockwood, Greene managed the affairs of the Company from 1914; Amory, Browne were selling agents.
In 1852, the vast majority of over 400 weavers and 200 spoolers were women. Women also worked in carding, frame spinning, reeling, quilling, and warping rooms. In addition, they were present in the mule spinning department, usually an exclusively male occupation.
Accident reports from 1893 to1905 contain considerable information about the physical tasks included in various job descriptions, as well as the name, age, occupation, nationality, marital status, ability to speak English, and wages of each injured worker.
Twentieth century records contain many women's names and addresses in stockholder lists from 1927 to 1931 and the appearance of two women in the administrative offices of the mill, including Miss Barbara Hammond, a secretary who earned $125 a month in 1925.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research. Some materials may be stored offsite; access requires advance notice. Contact email@example.com for more information.
Extent31 linear feet (202 volumes, 8 boxes, 5 cartons)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Lancaster Mills, 1930.
- Baker Library
- April 2019
- Description rules
- Language of description
- EAD ID
Part of the Baker Library Special Collections and Archives, Harvard Business School Repository
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