Skip to main content
COLLECTION Identifier: Mss:442 1844-1931 L

Lancaster Mills records

Scope and Contents

Records relating to the production of ginghams, cheviots, normandies, zephyrs, Tiffany flannels, and other cotton goods. This is an incomplete collection, strong on the later years of the Company, and on engineering aspects. The Lancaster Mills succeeded to the property of the Clinton Company, Clinton, Mass., and also controlled Sawyer's Mills in Boylston, Mass. and the Winnsboro Mills. The directors' records extend from 1844 to 1918, but there are few letters. The material includes general account books, records of accidents, payrolls, and tenement records. Correspondents include treasurers J. Amory Davis, Harcourt Amory, J. D. Winslow, Henry C. Everett, Jr., and Charles E. Inches; and agents Franklin Forbes, George W. Weeks, and Charles H. Richardson. Lockwood, Greene managed the affairs of the Company from 1914; Amory, Browne were selling agents.

In 1852, the vast majority of over 400 weavers and 200 spoolers were women. Women also worked in carding, frame spinning, reeling, quilling, and warping rooms. In addition, they were present in the mule spinning department, usually an exclusively male occupation.

Accident reports from 1893 to1905 contain considerable information about the physical tasks included in various job descriptions, as well as the name, age, occupation, nationality, marital status, ability to speak English, and wages of each injured worker.

Twentieth century records contain many women's names and addresses in stockholder lists from 1927 to 1931 and the appearance of two women in the administrative offices of the mill, including Miss Barbara Hammond, a secretary who earned $125 a month in 1925.


  • Creation: 1844-1931

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Some materials may be stored offsite; access requires advance notice. Contact for more information.


31 linear feet (202 volumes, 8 boxes, 5 cartons)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Lancaster Mills, 1930.

Baker Library
April 2019
Description rules
Language of description

Repository Details

Part of the Baker Library Special Collections and Archives, Harvard Business School Repository

Baker Library Special Collections and Archives holds unique resources that focus on the evolution of business and industry, as well as the records of the Harvard Business School, documenting the institution's development over the last century. These rich and varied collections support research in a diverse range of fields such as business, economic, social and cultural history as well as the history of science and technology.

Baker Library | Bloomberg Center
Soldiers Field Road
Boston MA 01263 USA
(617) 495-6411